Month: September 2021

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Involvement of Related Populations in Tourism Community Development: DMOs in the World Heritage Horyuji District

This paper aims to focus on related population, recently the object of expectation with regard to a new regional revitalization policy in Japan, and to elucidate its actual activities. The study first defines and categorizes related population. Next, from among the four types categorized, it examines the case study of Destination Marketing/Management Organizations (DMOs) in

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The Resilience of Female Students in Math Education During a Pandemic: A Comparison Between Online and In-person Instruction

The present study examined whether undergraduate students’ academic success in math general education courses differed between synchronous online (during the Covid-19 pandemic) and in-person (before the pandemic). It also examined the extent to which students’ initial performance might predict academic success (as measured by final class grades) in online and in-person math courses, under the

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Predicting Initial Performance in Research Report Writing

The present study was guided by the belief that the accurate prediction of students’ performance difficulties, even before such difficulties manifest themselves, is critical to the effectiveness of remedial instruction for at-risk students. The study focused on Middle Eastern students (n = 167), an understudied population, who were enrolled in a general education course devoted

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Psychometric Properties of MRRF-Academic Resilience Scale (MRRF-ARS): A Multifaceted Measure of Resilience

Resilience views as a multifaceted construct anchored on the strength of the human being to withstand and bounce back despite adversity. MRRF- Academic Resilience Scale (MRRFARS) is a newly developed instrument that will help measure the academic resilience of Senior High School Students. Hence, this paper aims to establish the psychometric properties of the MRRF-

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Distance Learning: Its Challenges and Opportunities to Adolescents Relationship

Pandemic became one of the most feared unseen enemy where people are forced to stay at home. The pandemic forced everybody to stay at home. Hence, the study focused on adolescents who are under the distance learning modality. The study delved on the perceived challenges and opportunities of distance learning to their family relationship. This

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Sustained Moment of Insight in Simeon Dumdum’s if I Write You This Poem, Will You Make It Fly

A rich structure of Filipino beliefs about animals inspires this paper to compare them with poetry, particularly, the poetry of the contemporary Cebuano writer, Simeon Dumdum Jr., which, in a very unusual discourse, suggests an extraordinary level of perception into the nature of the relationships between people and animals. Dumdum’s recent poetry collection, If I

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Social Media: The Site for Methodological Inquiry in Social Science Research

This paper attempts to locate the significance of social media content analysis as a tool of data collection in social science research. It is seen that in present times social media sites are increasingly used by people to share their opinions about issues of socio-political relevance. This paper analyses how recent studies on nationalism and

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Promoting Pre-service Teachers’ Technological, Pedagogical and Content Knowledge (TPACK) Through Developing Virtual Reality Applications With the Assure Instructional Design Model

The promotion of teachers’ TPACK, namely the integration of content, pedagogy, and technology knowledge for teaching has become a major concern among researchers and educational practitioners. Moreover, cultivating teachers’ augmented reality and virtual reality (AR/VR) capabilities has become an important issue of government policy. Drawing on Kohloer and Mishra’s Learning by Design principle and the

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Reincarnation: Back From the Dead

It is in the nature of human beings to search for the meaning of life. In this connection the idea of reincarnation is steadily gaining greater credence in the West. In this essay the author takes a critical look at the various aspects of the reincarnation concept and presents the arguments of both its supporters

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A Corpus-based Approach to the Imagery and Symbolism in Chinese-English Translation of Children’s Literature

The past two decades have witnessed a surge of children’s literature translation studies worldwide (Alla, 2015). In contrast, such studies in Chinese context are underrepresented although there are excellent publications of Chinese children’s literature already rising to fame from China to the world. Among these, Bronze and Sunflower by Cao Wenxuan, has been translated into

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Implicit Anti-elderly Attitudes and Subjective Time to Become Elderly

Intergenerational conflicts between the elderly and the other generations persist. To reduce the conflicts, the affirmation of anti-elderly attitudes is an urgent issue. Generally, implicit/explicit anti-elderly attitudes are shown to be negative, and these attitudes have undesirable effects on the elderly, including neglect and deterioration of their mental health. In this study, we measured participants’

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An Empirical Investigation of Feedback Sequencing on Emotion Regulation Processes

The effects of receiving feedback on course assessments have emotional implications for students (e.g., Ryan & Henderson, 2018) that extend to motivation and behavior (Boud & Falchilvov, 2007). Receiving negative feedback, then, may have harmful effects on students’ emotions, motivation, and performance. A way in which students’ emotions may be regulated is through employing the

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Sandwich With a Side of Motivation: An Investigation of the Effects of the Feedback Sandwich Method on Motivation

The “feedback sandwich” method involves placing corrective feedback between two positive statements. Although it has been argued that this method is an effective means of delivering feedback to students because it seemingly makes constructive feedback more pleasant (e.g., Dohrenwent, 2002), there exists limited empirical research to support this claim. Receiving feedback from instructors has implications

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PACIE Methodology Applied to English Teaching in Virtual Classrooms With Moodle

The misapplication of a digital presence, academic scope, inadequate training, low interaction, and a methodology with little pedagogy suitable within a virtual learning environment such as virtual classrooms on any platform, whether Moodle, Claroline, Kornukopia, or Chamilo, Etc., lead to decrease and demerit significant learning at the time of training or study an online course

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Exploring the Impact of Online Teaching on MCBS students – A Case Study

Covid-19 has created major upheavals in the lives of students all over the world. The abrupt transition to online classrooms across educational institutes has caused immense turmoil in the students’ psyche. Students of Modern College of Business and Science (MCBS), also faced this dilemma. The purpose of this exploratory study was to investigate how this

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Development of Realistic Optimism Scale

This research aims to develop a scale to measure realistic optimism and examine its validity and reliability. First, the researcher corrected items of the conventional scale proposed by Magari (2013) and added a number of items to create a realistic optimism scale of 16 items (original scale). Using the original scale, a preliminary survey was

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Examining Chinese Students’ Motivations for Overseas Education and the Implications of the Study Abroad Experiences on Their Transitions to Adulthood

Studying overseas is a popular option for many young individuals to undertake as part of their educational journey. Since China has emerged as the world’s largest source of international students, Chinese students’ motives of pursuing foreign education have gained remarkable scholarly attention. Furthermore, as the cross-border sojourn often occurs in the youthful period of one’s

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A Multidimensional Approach to Assessing China’s Adherence to Article 26(1) of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR)

While China has frequently been accused of challenging international human rights, its involvement with the right to education has rarely been the centre of scholarly attention. Education as a fundamental right is deemed essential to securing social justice, enhancing individuals’ dignity, and enabling their enjoyment of other rights. This paper investigates the degree to which

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A Critical Comparison of the Lifewide and Lifelong Literacy Practices of Two Adults

The field of literacy studies has witnessed a paradigmatic shift over the past few decades — from a skills-based paradigm towards one shaped by socio-cultural practices. Informed by this social constructivist turn, this study critically compares and contrasts the lifelong and lifewide literacy practices of two adults (Daiyu and myself). Based on thematic analysis of

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Complexity and the Art of Education: A Study of How to Approach Teaching More Challenging Engineering Systems Development Concepts

As the demand for ever more capable products increases, so too does the inherent complexity of the product itself in order to facilitate increased functionality. This is broadly true of products of all sizes, from mobile phones to automobiles to large infrastructure projects. This increased complexity makes specification, design, development and implementation more difficult to

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Communication Through Food: Pedagogical Strategies and Critical Questions to Flavor Your University Course

The current media landscape is rife with demonstrations and celebrations of local/adapted foods. This popularity has been accentuated during the COVID era because people in general, and college students, are obligated to be home. The cross-disciplinary authors from the Communication field have harnessed the powers of popular media programs of high interest, for academic lessons.

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Epistemological Perspectives on the Concept of Cultural Humility in Psychology

The present paper will focus on cultural humility, by highlighting this concept’s theoretical and practical significance in advancing cross-cultural understanding in psychology. In the recent psychological literature, cultural humility has been described as a core value, consisting in the psychologist’s engagement to an interpersonal stance that is other-oriented and self-reflective in relation to cultural identities

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National Civil Service for Seniors: AmeriCorps Foster Grandparent Program

Of the 95 million Americans over-55, only 1 million of those volunteer, even though research has proven it increases longevity and quality of life (Zedlewski, 2006). The American government has invested funding in various volunteer programs through a program called AmeriCorps. Over 40,000 communities across the country are serviced by 270,000 volunteers whose combined volunteering

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A Multifaceted Approach to Complex Needs: Targeted Interventions for Gifted Students With Autism

Recent studies have focused on identification of gifted students with ASD and on their learning experiences; however, there appears to be a gap in the research regarding effective interventions for these students. Most intervention strategies target either the student’s giftedness or their ASD diagnosis, but their unique challenges require targeted interventions that extend beyond those

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Intercultural Adaptability of Algerian Students Abroad: An Application of Communicative Theory of Cross-Cultural Adaptation

Study abroad programs are said to have the potential to grant intercultural immersion opportunities that students perceive as having different cultural norms and practices and which thereby lead to intercultural adaptability. While there is considerable body of research regarding students’ experiences abroad, evidence that support this claim appears to be limited by a range of

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Disparities in Access to Basic Education in Brazil During the COVID-19 Pandemic

The purpose of this article is to identify the implications of inequities in access to basic education (SDG 4) during the Coronavirus pandemic in Brazil, and their reflections on structural inequalities. The H-D method is used, focusing on early childhood education, since its deficits reflect on human development and the social exclusion of historically marginalised

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Stereotyping Language and Generalizing Language Toward Foreigners Living in Shanghai, An Analysis of the Language Used

Multicultural communities are becoming more and more common in China, creating a new environment for cultural exchange and sociolinguistic phenomena. The present study aims to analyze how in the cultural environment of Shanghai foreigners are subjected to unconscious generalization and stereotyping by locals. A sample of 20 foreigners living in Shanghai, either students, or expats,

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Why Teacher Led Instruction Really Works

Since the 1980s the notion of teacher led instruction (Direct Instruction) has been largely dismissed in favour of a more student-centered (Indirect Instruction), collaborative, problem solving type pedagogy. Certainly, the student-centered approach, characterized by inquiry, problems solving and active learning, is an effective practice which is supported by empirical evidence (Yuen & Hau, 2006). However,

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Students’ Reflections on Online Teaching/Learning During the COVID-19 Pandemic

The intensive implementation of online learning due to the COVID-19 pandemic creates challenges and generates innovation opportunities within higher education. This study aimed to explore students’ reflections regarding online teaching/learning during the COVID-19 pandemic. Specifically, the challenges students encountered due to online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic, the perceived benefits, and their recommendations for future

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Stress, Procrastination and Proactive Coping of Selected Foreign Psychology Students

Students encountered challenges amidst this Covid-19 pandemic. These students managed to have a face-to-face class, but due to pandemic, they were migrated to a digital classroom. This research study emphasized on stress, procrastination, and proactive coping of selected foreign Psychology students (N=399). enrolled in one of the universities in South Metro Manila. Researchers employed the

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The Role of Gamification and the New Technologies in the Construction of Mathematical Thinking

The game has always represented a role of fundamental importance in the activation of learning processes. The development of videogames have given a distinctive mark to the introduction of innovative technologies in education. With the advent of Generation Z, the theme of the game has become very important for human life. The effect of these

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Can Physical Design Help Improve Self-regulation in Children and Build Resilience: A Theoretical Exploration

The environment is an important component in child development, and it represents the external sources that affect a child’s cognitive, behavioral, mental, and social development. According to Bronfenbrennerʼs ecological system model, it is crucial to understand the interactions between a child and his/her environment. This interaction can influence and shape the development of self-regulation (SR),

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Discriminatory Biases in Data for Machine Learning and Human Rights

The intersectionality between data generated by machine learning/algorithms and human rights may not be obvious at times and accepted as true most of the time. Algorithms are created by people hence they aren’t particularly sensitive to gender, social, racial, moral issues.Typically, human characteristics such as gender, race, socio-economic class determine our potential to achieve outcomes

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Examination of Commonality of Policy Issues Related to AI Development and Dissemination in Major Developed Countries

Artificial intelligence (AI) will rebuild the economy, increase productivity, improve efficiency and reduce costs, contribute to making informed decisions. There are great expectations for AI to drive innovation and growth. As the effects of AI permeate society, the power of change must be exerted for society. On the other hand, AI also raises ethical concerns.

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Gloc-9 Songs: A Encoding and Decoding Analysis

Music can be used as a powerful medium of communication and can be instrumental in creating a culture of resistance that may awaken social and political consciousness. Rap and Hip-hop genre have become a worldwide phenomenon recognized and appropriated in many parts of the world for its interesting narrative and creative beats. It had gone

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The Relationship Between Phonological Awareness in Japanese Language and English Learning Experience

Many previous studies have reported that experiences of learning a second language promote a learner’s development of phonological awareness of the second language. However, there have been still few papers discussing the impact of second language learning on phonological awareness in the native language. Therefore, this paper attempts to examine whether there is a difference

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Surfacing the Praxis in Curriculum Indigenization by Mathematics Teachers of Public Secondary Schools in Ifugao, Philippines

Among the problems faced by the indigenous peoples (IPs) in the Philippines in the education sector include disparity between the non-IPs and IPs as well as discrimination in the education system as surfaced by the Episcopal Commission on Indigenous Peoples (2008). The country introduced changes in the educational system which recognizes the plights of the

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Curriculum Development in Industrial Design Education in transition: Challenges and issues in a Thai university

In Thailand, it is widely accepted that development in education is lagging behind the progress of the economy and industries. During the 2018 Transition Discussion in KMUTT, Industrial Design (ID) education received a call to reconsider reforming the traditional teaching style. Discussion among international scholars from the field formed the direction of ID curriculum development

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The Essential Elements of 4-H Integrated Within the School Classroom

The Essential Elements of 4-H Youth Development are basic principles under which the 4-H Youth Development Program operates across the country (Purdue Extension, 2018). Incorporating these elements into the traditional classroom enables educators to focus on positive outcomes desired for youth; provide lesson plans for all students; view youth as central actors in their own

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Construction of Hanok Classroom as Educational Resources of Contemporary Elementary School in Seoul

On November 4th, 2020, Hanok Classroom which is named HanSolGak and NaRiJae following Korean traditional building type were opened in the middle of the existing elementary school in Seoul. This is first case in Seoul after the 1988 Seoul Olympics which means the beginning of globalization after the Korean War in 1950. Hanok classroom as

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Challenges of Lesson Plan on Data and Chance with an Intervention of Video Analysis: Preservice Secondary Mathematics Teachers

The study aimed to investigate the effect of scaffolding preservice secondary mathematics teachers (PSMTs) with a series of well-organized activities in lesson plan, which included design, peer discussion, video analysis, microteaching and revision. The theme of the lesson plan was on data and chance which was also the theme of the video. The aim of

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The Development and Evaluation of an Online Educational Game Integrated with Gather Town for Nursing Staff Learning

Many on-the-job training courses for nursing education have been converted to online courses due to the pandemic. However, the emergency and intensive training courses emphasize the provision of real situations to promote the learners’ ability to make accurate observations and instant judgments based on the patient’s situations. This research developed an online educational simulation game

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Personalized English Course Instructional Design for Fourth-year Undergraduate Program

The fourth-year undergraduate program is the last academic year before students graduate and continue their future plans. Some students plan to continue their education by enrolling in a graduate program, while others plan to search for a job directly and pursue their careers. This research focuses on the instructional design of an English course for

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The Present and Future of Online Distance Learning: Trends and Challenges of Virtual Teachers

In response to sustain quality education during pandemic and the need to address the needs of online distance learning, this research aims to investigate what are the trends and challenges virtual teachers experience after a year since remote learning has been implemented. This quantitative research was conducted through an adapted survey questionnaire most applicable to

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Strategies of Selected HEIs in Addressing Challenges and Issues Inherent to Student Mobility

Internationalization initiatives in student mobility of selected higher education institutions (HEIs) in Davao region, Philippines certainly set the ground for an internationalization effort to cope with the challenges of globalization. However, HEIs being an open system is not immune to challenges and issues which might put the internationalization efforts of HEIs in student mobility at

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Growth Process of Graduate School of Teaching Students in Their Life as Graduate Students

At present, the teacher training system in Japan using graduate schools is about to undergo a major transformation. However, although there have been many discussions about the graduate school of teaching, it has not been clarified what kind of obstacles the graduate students actually feel and how they overcome them. In this study, we focus

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An Analysis of Secondary School Teachers’ Resilience Difficulties

The aim of this research was to investigate secondary school teachers’ resilience difficulties in Taiwan. A stimulus for this research was that in the current society with rapid development of information technology and knowledge economy, the Ministry of Education (MOE) published a “108 Curriculum Guidelines” in the year 2019, with the aim of building up

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The Relationship of Teacher Well-being, Resilience, and Mindfulness: Using Mindfulness as a Mediator

With the outbreak of a pandemic, and the implementation of new curriculum reform in Taiwan, the front-line secondary school teachers have faced increasing stress and challenges. Thus, it is important to understand current teachers’ possession of positive psychological capital. This study aimed at exploring the current situation of secondary school teachers’ mindfulness, well-being, and resilience,

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Design Innovation Practice School: The Experiential Learning Platform

This article describes the ongoing study of designing and developing the undergraduate program in Design Innovation of King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi. The design-based research methodology has been applied to investigate the attempt in curricular transformation in addition to routinized curriculum revision practices. The concerns related to career readiness of graduates or competency gap

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Should I Stay or Should I Go? Comparisons in College Adjustment of Chinese Domestic and International Students

College marks a watershed experience for emerging adults, and is often a time of excitement, fear, challenges, and change as young adults transition toward independence. For Chinese international students (CIS), separation from their primary caregivers and exposure to acculturative stressors may bring particular challenges to their college adjustment. Compared to their domestic counterparts who choose

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An Exploratory Study on Racial Experiences and Resiliency of Foreign Medical Students

Medicals students aspire to gain a degree in a foreign land and encounter new experiences in the host country. The aim of the study was to explore the lived racial experiences of foreign medical students. A qualitative phenomenolocial approach was utilized by the researcher. Foreign medical students (N=15) participated in open-ended interview questions. Thematic analysis