The intensive implementation of online learning due to the COVID-19 pandemic creates challenges and generates innovation opportunities within higher education. This study aimed to explore students' reflections regarding online teaching/learning during the COVID-19 pandemic. Specifically, the challenges students encountered due to online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic, the perceived benefits, and their recommendations for future teaching/learning were explored. Data were obtained from 150 students representing six educational programs, different degrees, and different years of study. Students answered three open-ended questions regarding the cons and pros of online teaching/learning and provided suggestions for future teaching/learning. They also provided information regarding their study program, degree, and year of study. Findings reveal that students experienced various challenges, of which the most frequent were technical followed by pedagogical, social, personal, and health difficulties. Advantages most often cited related to lesson recording, convenience, pedagogy, flexibility and efficiency, and savings of time and transport and rent expenses. Students' recommendations pertain to four domains: Teaching format (Hybrid-face to face and online), lesson recording (continue lesson recording), pedagogy (adapt teaching materials to the teaching platform), and teaching management (longer breaks). In conclusion, students reported they encountered diverse challenges but also gained some benefits due to the shift to online teaching/learning. However, there were few students who did not see any advantage of teaching/learning online for one of them "it is draining physically and psychologically."
Fadia Nasser-Abu Alhija, Tel Aviv University, Israel