The environment is an important component in child development, and it represents the external sources that affect a child's cognitive, behavioral, mental, and social development. According to Bronfenbrennerʼs ecological system model, it is crucial to understand the interactions between a child and his/her environment. This interaction can influence and shape the development of self-regulation (SR), which are the cognitive, behavioral, and emotional processes involved to drive motivation and actions toward controlling oneself. Home environment is considered as part of the immediate environment of the microsystem and encompasses physical and non-physical environmental factors that directly affect child development in general and SR. In lower socioeconomic status, supporting children's positive SR skills is part of creating resilience in the home environments. Recent attention has focused more on the provision of the psychological and social aspects of the environment, compared to the physical aspects. This study aims to address this gap by presenting a theoretical framework that may link the physical aspect of the environment and child SR. A literature review was conducted to analyze and synthesize published literature in different disciplines, to examine and articulate any potential relationship between physical environment and SR. Through collation of different theories, including chaos theory, allostasis theory, and self-regulation theory, this analysis develops a plausible explanatory framework that links child SR with physical home environment. This new theoretical framework can relate to children’s ability to develop SR needed to be successful in later life and recover from setback and adversity, thus, supporting resilience.
Reem Bagais, Texas Tech University, United States
Debajyoti Pati, Texas Tech University, United States