Category: Aging and Gerontology


Factors Influencing Elderly Life Satisfaction in Thailand: A Comprehensive Study on Socio-Economic, Mental and Physical Health, and Social Activity

This study aimed to assess the life satisfaction of elderly individuals and its associated factors, examining the empirical relationship, direction, and intensity of these variables. The investigation explored the mediating roles of physical and mental health scores on life satisfaction, using data from the fourth wave of the Health, Aging, and Retirement in Thailand (HART)


Changes in Research on the Senior-Friendly Layout of Medical Facilities Before and After COVID-19

The aggravated population aging has led to a gradual increase in people’s demand for medical and health facilities, as a result of which the senior-friendly layout of medical facilities has always been a hot topic in the international academic community, especially during the outbreak of Covid-19. However, the differences in the research on the senior-friendly


The Effect of Blood Sugar Control and Association Among Elderly Patients with Type 2 Diabetes in Kantang District, Southern Thailand

The number of elderly patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus increases every year. As a result, health care providers are workload. Therefore, this study was to compare the effect of blood sugar control and to determine factors associated with blood sugar levels in patients with type 2 diabetes aged 60 years and over between subdistrict


Prevalence and Risk Factors of Possible Sarcopenia in Patients with Subacute Stroke

Possible sarcopenia, the loss of handgrip strength in the elderly population, can lead to poor functional prognosis after stroke. In this mixed prospective and retrospective cohort study, we aimed to elucidate the clinical risk factors for possible sarcopenia at discharge in 152 patients with subacute stroke. Univariable and multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to


Ethical and Privacy Considerations in the Use of Digital Technology in Nursing Homes: Literature Review

The healthcare industry has experienced significant advancements due to the advent of digital technology, leading to enhancements in patient care, increased efficiency, and improved outcomes. However, with these advances come ethical and privacy issues. In addition to the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), individual European countries may have their own distinct laws and regulations concerning


Elderly Parent-Child Relationship in Thailand: Types, Determinants, and Impacts

Children’s obligation to support their elderly parents has a deep root in Thailand. However, the strength of this relationship is suspected to deteriorate due to population aging and socio-economic pressure along with technological progress. Family relations in an aged society in Thailand needs to be explored with evidence-base data. Hence, the study will examine (1)


Working or Not Working and the Wellbeing of Older Adults: Evidence from Abu Dhabi

We examined the life satisfaction and wellbeing determinants of two groups of older adults in Abu Dhabi using data from the fourth cycle of the Abu Dhabi Quality-of-Life Survey (QoL-4). The first group is still active and employed, while the second group is retired or unemployed. The QoL-4 survey included multiple scales associated with happiness,


iHealth Screen: Empowering Older Adults and Caregivers Through Mobile Health Screening

With the global population ageing, older adults face increasing health challenges. Mobile applications offer a cost-effective and accessible solution to help them maintain independence and promote health. The mobile app, iHealth Screen, was designed for preliminary self-help health screening in older adults without time and location boundaries. It incorporated 11 common geriatric assessments with test


Health-Food-Care Profiles of Elderly People in Argentina

Population aging is one of the demographic challenges the Latin American region is facing, and which, in turn, transforms the health profiles of the populations. The syndemic concept integrates the social-biological-environmental, referring to synergistic and situated health problems; pertinent approach to the study of comorbidities and multimorbidities that affect 24% of older people (OP). In


Effects of Exergame Balance Training Complexity on Cognitive Performance in Patients with MCI

Combining balance and cognitive training of different complexities through exergame balance training might train cognitive abilities in a better way in patients with mild cognitive impairment. The objective is to determine the effects of exergame balance training of different complexities on cognition in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). The methodology was a double-blinded, four-armed


Nursing Competencies of Home Care Nurses in Taiwan: A Qualitative Descriptive Study

This study aimed to explore the competencies of home care nurses and identify their dilemmas through job descriptions and experiences. The study employed a qualitative descriptive research design with purposeful sampling. Twenty-two nurses were recruited from 13 home care agencies. Each had an in-depth interview. Content analysis was performed following the guidelines of qualitative research.


Gender Differences Across Lifecourse Socio-Economic Position and Cognition in Late Life Among Older Adults in India

Objective: To examine the sex differences in the association between socioeconomic position (SEP) over the life course and cognitive function in later life. Two alternative models were assessed: the “direct effect model” where temporarily distinct measures of SEP have only direct effect on older adult’s cognition and the “indirect effects model” where the effect of


Sarcopenia in Older Surgical Patients

Sarcopenia is the progressive decline in muscle quality and function attributed to aging. It is a prevalent global problem associated with worse morbidity and mortality outcomes. This risk is even higher in patients who have suffered a major trauma or those requiring an emergency laparotomy because of an intra-abdominal injury or to address an acute


Estimating the Value of Informal Care in European Countries

The provision of informal care has been the traditional mechanism to address the care needs of European populations in need. However, its value goes unaccounted for in long-term care spending as it refers to unpaid care and includes unmonetized costs, which if substituted by the market or community care would result in higher costs to


Successful Cases of Transiting From Restraints to Restraint-free Care of Older Residents in Long-term Care Facilities: Perspectives of Multi-disciplinary Staff

Background: In recent decades, considerable attention has been given to efforts to reduce and eliminate restraint use in older institutionalized people. Previous research showed that staff expressed varying views of restraint-free care. Yet, no qualitative research has described this phenomenon in Hong Kong. Purposes: This paper will present and compare the views of staff towards


Determinations of Self-Reported Health of Elderly People in Nepal

The health of the elderly has become a growing concern as the aging population increases. Self-reported health is a widely used measure of health status through individuals. This study has utilized data from Nepal Ageing Survey 2015 which is the biggest survey on aging in Nepal till now. This study includes seven major composite variables:


Blurred Boundaries for Foreign Caregivers: For Better or For Worse?

Background: Stroke survivors frequently require a caregiver after they are discharged from the hospital (1). Their needs are often medically and physically demanding and can exceed the abilities of families, leading some to seek in-home help (2, 3). In Taiwan, foreign caregiving has become more common to address the needs of older adults and avoid


The Associations Between Happiness and Health, Sleep, Physical Activities for Older People in Abu Dhabi

The study aimed to identify the associations of happiness and factors related to physical and mental health, leisure, and sports activities amongst older adults (60+) in Abu Dhabi. The sample consisted of 1,004 participants in the third Abu Dhabi Quality of Life survey administered in 2019-2020. The analysis used path analysis to develop a model


Family Supports Between Older Parents and Adult Children in Thailand

The main purpose of the paper was to investigate the manifest family solidarity of older persons in Thailand and to analyze the typology of support between older parents and their adult children using the Latent Class Analysis (LCA). The data from Wave 2 (2017) of the longitudinal panel household survey on Health, Aging, and Retirement


Association of Weight Loss With Hip Osteoarthritis in Older Community-Dwelling Female Adults

Objective: Most guidelines recommending weight loss for hip osteoarthritis are based on research on knee osteoarthritis. Prior studies found no association between weight loss and hip osteoarthritis, but no previous studies have targeted older adults. We aimed to determine whether there is any clear benefit of weight loss for hip osteoarthritis in older adults, because


Lack of Qualified Caregivers in Malaysia’s Private Aged Care: Legal Perspective through Private Aged Healthcare Facilities and Services Act 2018

Malaysia is expected to become an aged nation by 2030. The elderly population in Malaysia was predicted to number 28.3 million in 2010, and this number is likely to rise to 38.6 million by the year 2030.An increase in life expectancy will translate into increased demands for private aged healthcare services, leading to concerns regarding


Reason Behind Grandchild Caring and Its Effect on Grandparent’s Social Engagement in Different Household Settings in India: Using a Bayesian

The study examined reason behind grandchild caring and its effect on social engagement in different household (HH) setting among older (aged 60 and above) grandparents (GP) living in India using Longitudinal Aging Study in India data, 2017-18. HH structure was defined as the skipped-generation HH (SGH) where GP and grandchild lived together without middle generation


Caring Communities – Ready for a Collaborative Approach to Dementia?

Old age, care dependency and dementia pose particular challenges to those affected and their families. This paper presents participatory approaches to face these challenges, both theoretical and practical, focusing on the concept of the Caring Community. One form of a Caring Community is the dementia-friendly community where people with dementia and their families find the


Prevalence of Associated Factors of Disability Among Older Adults With Hypertension in Southeast Asia: A Scoping Review

Background: The prevalence of chronic disease and disability is expected to increase when age increases. This study aims to investigate the published articles related to disability among elderly living with hypertension in Southeast Asia. Study Design: A scoping review Data source: Web of science, Pubmed, CINAHL ,Cochrane and a google search from 2000 to 2021.


Preparedness of Health Facilities to Provide Ischemic Heart Disease and Stroke Management to the Growing Elderly Population Living in Bangladesh

Global populations are ageing, and non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are growing fast. In Bangladesh, Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) especially, Ischaemic Heart Disease (IHD) and Stroke are the major killers. Ageing is a strong determining factor for NCDs development. On current trends, the population aged over sixty-years is projected to rise from 11.3 million in 2016 to 44.1


Towards Successful Aging and Well-being in Later Life: Lay Perspectives From Chinese Elders

The notion of successful aging (SA) indicates elders could sustain physical health and socially active during the aging process, and achieving optimal aging could enhance happiness and vitality. However, perceptions of SA have not been reached consistently. Extant literature reveals aging successfully is culturally specific, and values of SA vary from Western and non-Western societies.


Is Precarious Work for Middle-aged and Elderly People Divided by Gender in Korea?

Typical retirement age in Korea is 51 for men and 48 for women, but this age is still too young for receiving public pensions. Since public pension is insufficient to earn a living, continuing work after retirement is considered “essential” for middle-aged and elderly people, not a “choice.” Their employment rate has steadily increased since


Localizing the Ambivalent Ageism Scale for Japan

Ageism is a complex prejudice involving positive (e.g., perfect grandparent) and negative (e.g., severely impaired) stereotypes of older adults. Several scales have been developed to measure various forms of ageism. However, most have been written in English and created for Western contexts. An exception is the Fraboni Scale (FSA), which was developed in 1970 and


Effects of Demographic Characteristics on Self-Perception Towards Ageing Among the Older Adults

The influence of demographic characteristics on self-perception towards ageing is well documented in the West. However, there exists little evidence on such studies in Kenya. The goal of this causal-comparative study was to determine the influence of selected demographic characteristics on self-perception towards ageing of older adults. Data was collected from older persons (n=140, >65yrs)


Relationship Between Self-Perception Towards Ageing and Subjective Well-Being of Older Adults

The older adults of the 21st century are experiencing a longer lifespan. This trend is viewed as an achievement as well as a challenge to the individual older adults and society as a whole. This global ageing phenomenon comes about with physical, psychosocial, emotional, cognitive, behavioural and environmental changes. In the process, the older adults


An Examination of Patterns and Facilitators of Internet Use Among Older Americans

It is widely known that older adults are less likely to use information and communication technologies including the internet than younger people. However, knowledge around the digital divide has been focused on explaining the phenomenon rather than offering practical suggestions to reduce the internet utilization gap between generations. In response, the current study contributes to


National Civil Service for Seniors: AmeriCorps Foster Grandparent Program

Of the 95 million Americans over-55, only 1 million of those volunteer, even though research has proven it increases longevity and quality of life (Zedlewski, 2006). The American government has invested funding in various volunteer programs through a program called AmeriCorps. Over 40,000 communities across the country are serviced by 270,000 volunteers whose combined volunteering


“The Elderly” Should Disappear: Not the People, but the Ageist Term

Older people too often experience negative attitudes or behaviours towards them based on their age. Research shows people who are labelled ‘the elderly’ experience a host of negative stereotypes applied by the ‘non-elderly’. The objective of this research was to understand how stereotypes of ‘the elderly’ are portrayed in online new media. Within New Zealand,


Family Members as Informal Carers in Old Age Care Policy: Preliminary Observations from a Critical Discourse Analysis

As a model of care for older adults, ‘Ageing in Place’ emphasizes enabling older adults to continue to live in their familiar environment for as long as possible and is central to policy on elderly services in Hong Kong. Increasingly, older adults are seen to be service users who determine their care priorities. This entails


European Master Active Ageing and Age-friendly Environment (EMMA)

This poster presentation focuses on the Erasmus+ Project EMMA (European Master Active Ageing and Age-friendly Environment) which runs from September 2020 to August 2023 consisting of six higher education institutions from Austria, Finland, Greece, Ireland, Portugal and Slovenia. The aim of the project is to develop a 100% online, transdisciplinary and transnational joint degree which


The Lived Experiences of Indonesian Caregivers in Caring for Older Adult Stroke Survivors in Taiwan: A Phenomenological Study

Background: Changing social and economic structures of an aging society have resulted in the growing demand for foreign caregivers (‘paid migrant workers who provide in-home help to aging adults) among families in many developed countries, including Taiwan. However, less documented and understood is how these caregivers perceive their roles and responsibilities. This study aimed to


Influence of Demographic Characteristics on Subjective Well-Being of Older Adults

Research into well-being of older adults is at advanced stage the world over. Most of the studies are conducted in the west. A few studies done in Kenya have focused on older adults’ abuse and vulnerability. Furthermore, these studies have used younger populations, thus lack self-reporting by the older adults themselves. The current study sought


Old Age Homes in India: An Insider and Outsider Perspective

Initially, Old Age Homes (OAHs) emerged in India as a form of shelter for the destitute older people. However, drastic social changes have necessitated their emergence as a form of living arrangement for older people of varying socio-economic backgrounds. In the context of India’s rapid population ageing, it is important to have a nuanced understanding


Discussion on the Model of Integrated Long Term Care Institutions Based on Information and Communication Technology

Introduction: aging population has become a world-wide concern nowadays, to develop a model for integrate long term care which combines the information and communication technology (ICT)and personalized service is an inevitable and urgent need in Taiwan. The smart technology including Artificial intelligence 、Internet of things、Cloud computing、big data have been utilizing in the long-term care area


Social Capital and Risk of Tuberculosis in Elderly Population

Background: In Japan, two-thirds of newly notified tuberculosis (TB) cases were older than 65 years. A large part of TB in elderly are attributable to endogenous reactivation from past infection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and risk factors of reactivation are not clearly known. We explored potential social capital and risk of developing TB in elderly population.


The Associated Factors With the Costs of Long-term Care and Medical Services for Older People in South Korea

Abstract: South Korea is facing an unprecedented demand for medical and long-term care (LTC) services for ageing individuals. We analysed the total amounts of care costs and the associated factors among elderly insurance recipients in 2017 to give some insights for improving the whole care system. Methods: The analysis of LTC Insurance and National Health


Designing Functional Apparel for Seniors With Chronic Physical & Mental Impairment

The UN “World Population Prospects 2019” projects global megatrends, declining fertility and an increase in the ageing population. Body organs-degrade, cognition declining with age, involving the chronic physical & mental impairment with dementia risk. It is important to enhance the convenience of clothing on and off。Clothing is a basic human need which is equally the


Comparison of Healthy Aging Between Asian, American and European Countries: Results From the Athlos Consortium

Research efforts to measure healthy aging have been diverse and limited to specific populations. This diversity limits the potential to compare healthy aging across populations. The Ageing Trajectories of Health – Longitudinal Opportunities and Synergies (ATHLOS) project has produced a worldwide harmonized dataset from 17 international cohorts and developed a universal scale measuring healthy aging


Adapting Orphan Migrants in Japanese Elderly Care Services: A Diversified Model for Ishikawa Prefecture

In Japan, the growing number of senior citizens requires prolonged medical care and other supports. There is no immediate route to increase the population growth rate instantly or a technological revolution that could serve the increasing number of senior citizens fully. On the other hand, millions of orphan children throughout the world are dying without


A Comparative Analysis of Unique Characteristics, Conditions, and Challenges of Lifelong Education in Four Major Asian Countries — China, South Korea, Japan, and Taiwan

The authors conducted a comparative analysis of unique characteristics, conditions, and challenges of lifelong education in four major Asian countries, namely China, South Korea, Japan, and Taiwan. A documentary analysis of comparative education research and a context, input, process, and product evaluation model of educational policy research were used to systematically analyze the lifelong education


Data Harmonization and Development of a Common Scale for Measuring Healthy Aging Across the World: The ATHLOS Scale

According to the World Health Organization 2015 report, healthy aging is defined as an “ongoing process of developing and maintaining the functional ability that enables well-being in older age, with functional ability determined by the interaction of individual’s intrinsic capacity and their environment.” Few studies have adequately addressed this concept and various measures have been


Trends of Independent Living and Associated Factors in Ageing Older Old Adults: Evidence from the UK

The world’s older population is growing at unprecedented rates; the proportion aged ≥60 is projected to reach 22% in 2050, double the figure in 2015, with particularly marked growth in “older old” populations. Independent living is perceived as an indicator of healthy ageing and implies more resilience and less reliance on social care services. In


Acute Effects of a Multi-Disciplinary Program for Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A Local Study in Taiwan

Population aging is a global socioeconomic problem including Taiwan. Aging processes would result in a declination of muscle power, cardiopulmonary endurance, as well as functional performance. If we do not find the resolution, it would be the burden of society. Aims of the present study were to conduct a comprehensive program to community-dwelling older adults


Factors Related to Active Ageing Among Community Dwelling Older Adults

Active ageing is processes that lead older adults to have a good quality of life that supporting older adults to have active ageing is very important for the current social situation because. The objectives of this correlational research were to study the relationship among the selected factors such as age, education, income, self-care agency, social


Do Sociodemographic and Gender Determinants of Late-life Suicide Differ in Older Swedish Users and Non-users of Antidepressants? A National Population-based Study

Background: The treatment of depression is a main strategy for suicide prevention in older adults. Our aim was to examine factors related to suicide in older adults (75+) with and without antidepressant therapy. Methods: We used register data for all Swedish residents aged ≥ 75 years (N=1 413 806) between 2006-2014. We identified all persons


Elder Abuse and Quality of Life: A Study Among Elderly in Rural and Urban Households of Maharashtra

The irreversible and inevitable process of ageing, initially seen as a concern of the aged persons and their families alone, has now gained wide public attention. For nations like India with a higher percentage of older cohorts, care and safety of elders have become one of the emerging concerns in Public Health which rationalises the


An Experimental Program for Effective Communication Between Middle-aged and Older Adults and Pharmacists in Taiwan

Plenty of potential drug-related problems was noted in the middle-aged and elderly. Pharmacists play an important role in managing medication problems for the elderly. Effective communication is essential for pharmacists to coordinate their opinions with patients to improve the effectiveness of drug treatment and reduce drug-related problems. Few research was focused on patients’ own abilities


Effects of Group-based Interactive Cognitive-motor Training (G-ICM) on Cognitive Function in Institutionalized Older Adults: Randomized Controlled Trial

Background: Interactive cognitive-motor training can effectively improve gait, balance performance and reduce their risk of falling of older adults. However, few study explored the effectiveness group-based interactive cognitive-motor training (G-ICMT) on cognitive function in institutionalized older adults. Objective: To examined the effects of G-ICMT on the cognitive function in institutionalized older adults. Methods: An open-label


Translation and Cross-Cultural Adaptation of Fall Risk for Older People – Community Setting (FROP-Com) to Thai Version: Psychometric Properties

Fall Risk for Older People – Community Setting (FROP-Com) was developed in Australia. It has the ability to predict falls in older people through 13 risk factors being rated on a graded 0-3 scale. We needed a qualified Thai-version FROP-Com questionnaire to assess multifactorial risks of falls in our community-dwelling elderly and this could lead


Neighbourhood Environment and the Elderly’s Ageing-in-place Experiences in Singapore Public Housing – A Case Study of Boon Teck Neighbourhood

To confront ageing challenges and opportunities, “ageing-in-place” (AIP) is promoted by public policy and preferred by the elderly. Neighbourhood is where the elderly’s daily needs and preferences are accommodated. Although there are large volumes of literature about AIP, the majority are divorced from places of ageing. Taking Boon Teck neighbourhood as a case study, this


Quality of Life and Psycho-affective Supervision of Elderly in Accommodation Facilities for Dependent Elderly People in Cameroon: A Cross-sectional Study

Ageing is accompanied by the loss of autonomy in some people, forcing families to use appropriate structures for their care. In Cameroon, accommodation facilities for dependent elderly people (AFDEP) are requested to cope with the lack of social and family supervision. Unfortunately, the supervision given to the aged persons (AP) in these structures raises questions


Study Case of Elderly Nutrition Status for Improvement Long Term Care Program’s Planning in Nursing Home, Salatiga

In Indonesia, the number of older persons significantly increases every year. In 2017, there are an estimated 22.66 million older persons and will continually grow to 49.19 million in 2025. Government and society need to help older people regarding their vulnerability on experience chronic conditions, functional degradations and limitation to do daily activity. Government resolves