Category: Aging and Gerontology


“The Elderly” Should Disappear: Not the People, but the Ageist Term

Older people too often experience negative attitudes or behaviours towards them based on their age. Research shows people who are labelled ‘the elderly’ experience a host of negative stereotypes applied by the ‘non-elderly’. The objective of this research was to understand how stereotypes of ‘the elderly’ are portrayed in online new media. Within New Zealand,


Family Members as Informal Carers in Old Age Care Policy: Preliminary Observations from a Critical Discourse Analysis

As a model of care for older adults, ‘Ageing in Place’ emphasizes enabling older adults to continue to live in their familiar environment for as long as possible and is central to policy on elderly services in Hong Kong. Increasingly, older adults are seen to be service users who determine their care priorities. This entails


European Master Active Ageing and Age-friendly Environment (EMMA)

This poster presentation focuses on the Erasmus+ Project EMMA (European Master Active Ageing and Age-friendly Environment) which runs from September 2020 to August 2023 consisting of six higher education institutions from Austria, Finland, Greece, Ireland, Portugal and Slovenia. The aim of the project is to develop a 100% online, transdisciplinary and transnational joint degree which


The Lived Experiences of Indonesian Caregivers in Caring for Older Adult Stroke Survivors in Taiwan: A Phenomenological Study

Background: Changing social and economic structures of an aging society have resulted in the growing demand for foreign caregivers (‘paid migrant workers who provide in-home help to aging adults) among families in many developed countries, including Taiwan. However, less documented and understood is how these caregivers perceive their roles and responsibilities. This study aimed to


Influence of Demographic Characteristics on Subjective Well-Being of Older Adults

Research into well-being of older adults is at advanced stage the world over. Most of the studies are conducted in the west. A few studies done in Kenya have focused on older adults’ abuse and vulnerability. Furthermore, these studies have used younger populations, thus lack self-reporting by the older adults themselves. The current study sought


Old Age Homes in India: An Insider and Outsider Perspective

Initially, Old Age Homes (OAHs) emerged in India as a form of shelter for the destitute older people. However, drastic social changes have necessitated their emergence as a form of living arrangement for older people of varying socio-economic backgrounds. In the context of India’s rapid population ageing, it is important to have a nuanced understanding


Discussion on the Model of Integrated Long Term Care Institutions Based on Information and Communication Technology

Introduction: aging population has become a world-wide concern nowadays, to develop a model for integrate long term care which combines the information and communication technology (ICT)and personalized service is an inevitable and urgent need in Taiwan. The smart technology including Artificial intelligence 、Internet of things、Cloud computing、big data have been utilizing in the long-term care area


The Associated Factors With the Costs of Long-term Care and Medical Services for Older People in South Korea

Abstract: South Korea is facing an unprecedented demand for medical and long-term care (LTC) services for ageing individuals. We analysed the total amounts of care costs and the associated factors among elderly insurance recipients in 2017 to give some insights for improving the whole care system. Methods: The analysis of LTC Insurance and National Health


Social Capital and Risk of Tuberculosis in Elderly Population

Background: In Japan, two-thirds of newly notified tuberculosis (TB) cases were older than 65 years. A large part of TB in elderly are attributable to endogenous reactivation from past infection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and risk factors of reactivation are not clearly known. We explored potential social capital and risk of developing TB in elderly population.


Designing Functional Apparel for Seniors With Chronic Physical & Mental Impairment

The UN “World Population Prospects 2019” projects global megatrends, declining fertility and an increase in the ageing population. Body organs-degrade, cognition declining with age, involving the chronic physical & mental impairment with dementia risk. It is important to enhance the convenience of clothing on and off。Clothing is a basic human need which is equally the


Comparison of Healthy Aging Between Asian, American and European Countries: Results From the Athlos Consortium

Research efforts to measure healthy aging have been diverse and limited to specific populations. This diversity limits the potential to compare healthy aging across populations. The Ageing Trajectories of Health – Longitudinal Opportunities and Synergies (ATHLOS) project has produced a worldwide harmonized dataset from 17 international cohorts and developed a universal scale measuring healthy aging


Adapting Orphan Migrants in Japanese Elderly Care Services: A Diversified Model for Ishikawa Prefecture

In Japan, the growing number of senior citizens requires prolonged medical care and other supports. There is no immediate route to increase the population growth rate instantly or a technological revolution that could serve the increasing number of senior citizens fully. On the other hand, millions of orphan children throughout the world are dying without


A Comparative Analysis of Unique Characteristics, Conditions, and Challenges of Lifelong Education in Four Major Asian Countries — China, South Korea, Japan, and Taiwan

The authors conducted a comparative analysis of unique characteristics, conditions, and challenges of lifelong education in four major Asian countries, namely China, South Korea, Japan, and Taiwan. A documentary analysis of comparative education research and a context, input, process, and product evaluation model of educational policy research were used to systematically analyze the lifelong education


Data Harmonization and Development of a Common Scale for Measuring Healthy Aging Across the World: The ATHLOS Scale

According to the World Health Organization 2015 report, healthy aging is defined as an “ongoing process of developing and maintaining the functional ability that enables well-being in older age, with functional ability determined by the interaction of individual’s intrinsic capacity and their environment.” Few studies have adequately addressed this concept and various measures have been


Trends of Independent Living and Associated Factors in Ageing Older Old Adults: Evidence from the UK

The world’s older population is growing at unprecedented rates; the proportion aged ≥60 is projected to reach 22% in 2050, double the figure in 2015, with particularly marked growth in “older old” populations. Independent living is perceived as an indicator of healthy ageing and implies more resilience and less reliance on social care services. In


Acute Effects of a Multi-Disciplinary Program for Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A Local Study in Taiwan

Population aging is a global socioeconomic problem including Taiwan. Aging processes would result in a declination of muscle power, cardiopulmonary endurance, as well as functional performance. If we do not find the resolution, it would be the burden of society. Aims of the present study were to conduct a comprehensive program to community-dwelling older adults


Do Sociodemographic and Gender Determinants of Late-life Suicide Differ in Older Swedish Users and Non-users of Antidepressants? A National Population-based Study

Background: The treatment of depression is a main strategy for suicide prevention in older adults. Our aim was to examine factors related to suicide in older adults (75+) with and without antidepressant therapy. Methods: We used register data for all Swedish residents aged ≥ 75 years (N=1 413 806) between 2006-2014. We identified all persons


Factors Related to Active Ageing Among Community Dwelling Older Adults

Active ageing is processes that lead older adults to have a good quality of life that supporting older adults to have active ageing is very important for the current social situation because. The objectives of this correlational research were to study the relationship among the selected factors such as age, education, income, self-care agency, social


Elder Abuse and Quality of Life: A Study Among Elderly in Rural and Urban Households of Maharashtra

The irreversible and inevitable process of ageing, initially seen as a concern of the aged persons and their families alone, has now gained wide public attention. For nations like India with a higher percentage of older cohorts, care and safety of elders have become one of the emerging concerns in Public Health which rationalises the


Effects of Group-based Interactive Cognitive-motor Training (G-ICM) on Cognitive Function in Institutionalized Older Adults: Randomized Controlled Trial

Background: Interactive cognitive-motor training can effectively improve gait, balance performance and reduce their risk of falling of older adults. However, few study explored the effectiveness group-based interactive cognitive-motor training (G-ICMT) on cognitive function in institutionalized older adults. Objective: To examined the effects of G-ICMT on the cognitive function in institutionalized older adults. Methods: An open-label


An Experimental Program for Effective Communication Between Middle-aged and Older Adults and Pharmacists in Taiwan

Plenty of potential drug-related problems was noted in the middle-aged and elderly. Pharmacists play an important role in managing medication problems for the elderly. Effective communication is essential for pharmacists to coordinate their opinions with patients to improve the effectiveness of drug treatment and reduce drug-related problems. Few research was focused on patients’ own abilities


Translation and Cross-Cultural Adaptation of Fall Risk for Older People – Community Setting (FROP-Com) to Thai Version: Psychometric Properties

Fall Risk for Older People – Community Setting (FROP-Com) was developed in Australia. It has the ability to predict falls in older people through 13 risk factors being rated on a graded 0-3 scale. We needed a qualified Thai-version FROP-Com questionnaire to assess multifactorial risks of falls in our community-dwelling elderly and this could lead


Neighbourhood Environment and the Elderly’s Ageing-in-place Experiences in Singapore Public Housing – A Case Study of Boon Teck Neighbourhood

To confront ageing challenges and opportunities, “ageing-in-place” (AIP) is promoted by public policy and preferred by the elderly. Neighbourhood is where the elderly’s daily needs and preferences are accommodated. Although there are large volumes of literature about AIP, the majority are divorced from places of ageing. Taking Boon Teck neighbourhood as a case study, this


Quality of Life and Psycho-affective Supervision of Elderly in Accommodation Facilities for Dependent Elderly People in Cameroon: A Cross-sectional Study

Ageing is accompanied by the loss of autonomy in some people, forcing families to use appropriate structures for their care. In Cameroon, accommodation facilities for dependent elderly people (AFDEP) are requested to cope with the lack of social and family supervision. Unfortunately, the supervision given to the aged persons (AP) in these structures raises questions


Study Case of Elderly Nutrition Status for Improvement Long Term Care Program’s Planning in Nursing Home, Salatiga

In Indonesia, the number of older persons significantly increases every year. In 2017, there are an estimated 22.66 million older persons and will continually grow to 49.19 million in 2025. Government and society need to help older people regarding their vulnerability on experience chronic conditions, functional degradations and limitation to do daily activity. Government resolves