Category: Education & Difference: Gifted Education, Special Education, Learning Difficulties & Disability


The Background and Influence of Gender Inequity in Music Textbooks, and the Direction of Future Music Textbooks

Textbooks are fundamental resources for students in schools regardless of the level of education since students tend to learn countless new concepts and knowledge throughout the textbooks. The textbook itself has been examined by many researchers and studies to demonstrate its value and importance, and unmeasurable value has been proved. However, the higher its significance


Nepalese EFL Teachers’ Perception and Practices of Differentiated Instruction

Differentiated Instruction (DI) is a pedagogical premise that provides benefits, such as meeting diverse learner needs, accommodating students with varying learning abilities (De Jesus, 2012). DI is not just for special education; it addresses every student’s needs without turning classrooms into cram schools or private tutoring lessons. Therefore, in light of recent progress in Nepal’s


EasyTalk: A Digital Writer’s Workshop for Leichte Sprache (Easy-to-read German)

Leichte Sprache (LS; Easy-to-Read German) is a simplified variety of German characterized by simplified syntactic constructions and a small vocabulary (cf. Easy-to-read English). It provides barrier-free information for a wide spectrum of LS readers including individuals with learning difficulties, intellectual disabilities and/or a low level of literacy in the German language. By and large, text


Teachers as a Source of Support: Perceptions of Parents of Children With ADHD During COVID-19 Distance Learning

This qualitative research, conducted during the COVID-19 distance-learning days, was designed to understand the perceptions of parents of primary-school-age children with ADHD of teachers as a source of support. To date, many studies have demonstrated the positive contribution of teacher-parent interaction to children’s school performance, an issue of special relevance to children with ADHD. The


Effective Revising Instruction for Struggling Writers

Revising is a critical part of the writing process (Scardamalia & Bereiter, 1986). Expert writers tend to make global text revisions and target more meaning-changing revisions, which lead to substantial improvement in overall writing quality (Butterfield, Hacker, & Albertson, 1996). However, poor writers have been found to experience difficulties with revising (Midgette, Haria, & MacArthur,


Dyslexia and the English Language: Contributions to the Education in Regular Schools

Dyslexic people need their teachers to be knowledgeable about the subject for their learning can be effective. The “spelling, writing and reading area learning disorder”, as defines by the Dyslexia Brazilian Association (DBA), does not impede learning, as it is not an impairment; but teachers should take some differentiated attitudes. This case study aims to


Construct Validity and Reliability Testing the Concept of Disaster Resistant Education in Inclusive Primary Schools

This study aims to test the validity and reliability of construct variables and indicators of disaster mitigation education models in inclusive primary schools, to determine the contribution of aspects and indicators in measuring variables, and to confirm the hypothesized model, namely the suitability of the model with the data using confirmatory factor analysis. This study’s


What Play Does ASD Have in 3D Media Art Class

Most art-making such as drawing and painting are visional. However, the three-dimensional medium in visual art such as sculpture and installation art are spatial forms. Compared with painting, 3D media has the actual volume and spatial relationship with other objects. In handling 3D medium to make a work of art, students need to make sense


Vocational Skill Training Model to Embody Social Independence of Mild Intellectual Disability People

Vocational skills for people moving towards adulthood, including for mild intellectual disability people, are requisite competencies. By having vocational skills, mild intellectual disability people may empower themself and raise their confidence to live in society as it will become the power to increase their social independence. Mild intellectual disability people have the right to work


Amplifying Vulnerabilities: How COVID-19 is Impacting Japanese at Risk Youth

There are 608 “Children’s Homes” (児童養護施設 jidō yōgo shisetsu) across Japan caring for youth unable to live their parents for an array of reasons mainly abuse and poverty. According to the most recent data 13.9% (2020 OECD) Japanese youth live in poverty and in 2018, 159,850 child abuse consultations were made (2018, MHLW). Institutionalization of


Exclusion/inclusion of Persons With Impairment: A Study on the Role of Language Vocabulary

The aim of this research was to examine the role of language in the lives of persons with impairment and how meanings get attached to words that make it discriminatory against a certain section of the society. This research questioned the routinization and normalization of these insulting words used for persons with impairment. To overcome


The Inclusiveness of Inclusive Education – The Key Themes, Attitudes, and Challenges a Review of the Literature

The global initiatives of Education for All and inclusive education (IE) have created many unique problems as countries around the world find ways to both implement inclusive policies and with the realization of the different stakeholders learning to play their part in successful implementation. This study aims to use the literature on IE based on


A Study on Students’ Cognitive Load, Learning Motivation, and Learning Strategies in a Engineering Course Integrating with Mobile Learning Tools

This study carried out via both qualitative and quantitative methods. Results showed that in terms of learning emotions, flipped classroom based on mobile learning had some effects on students’ “self-directed learning” and “self-efficacy”. Flipped classrooms had a more obvious effect on improving the low achievers’ intrinsic goal (learning motivation), metacognition (learning strategy) and resource management


Orientation Courses for Migrants in Germany: Between Civic Adult Education and Neoliberal Tendencies

Migrants coming to Germany are obliged to take part in ‘integration courses’ in order to obtain residence titles. The curriculum proclaims these orientation courses as ‘value-based political education’. This paper analyzes the perception of the impact of the courses from the perspective of participants and teachers, focusing on neoliber-al fixations in tradition of the ‘Chicago


A Voice E-book Reading System Designed for the Visually Impaired People

No matter in life, study, or at work, reading is one of the major sources to obtain information. However, traditional books are mostly printed on paper. The books are not suitable for visually impaired persons to read. Though such a situation can be improved by Optical Character Recognition (OCR) technology. However, the quantity or timeliness


Math Readiness: Early Identification of Preschool Children Least Ready for Formal Mathematics Instruction in School

Key mathematics competencies mastered in kindergarten are associated with higher mathematics achievement in later elementary and middle school. Unfortunately, deficits in math understanding can begin before students enter school, often due to home environments that lack sufficient mathematics enrichment. Moreover, the gap between students who begin school behind and their more prepared peers only widens


Project Inclusive Education: People with Intellectual Disabilities work as University Lecturers

The German project Inclusive Education tackles, worldwide unique, the social isolation of people with intellectual disabilities via qualifying them in full-time over three years to be fully paid lecturers at universities. Participants have been diagnosed with mild or moderate intellectual disabilities (ICD-10-CM, Code F70 and F 71). The group of currently 31 participants is diverse


The Characteristics of Arab Parents’ Orientation Regarding the Future of Their Children with Developmental Intellectual Disability

Future orientation focuses on the image an individual constructs regarding their future; including future goals and courses of action they set for themselves in order to realize these goals. The present study discusses the consolidation of the orientation of parents in the Arabic society regarding the future of their children with developmental intellectual disability who