Category: Education, Sustainability & Society: Social Justice, Development & Political Movements


Higher Education in India During Corona Pandemic

In 2019, COVID-19 virus swept the globe and wreaked havoc around the world. Many aspects of life have been destroyed by this pandemic including the education sector. In India, after the government declared a countrywide lockdown, all educational activities came to halt, affecting teachers, students and their families as a consequence. The purpose of this


Karol Wojtyla’s Personalist Philosophy of Education

Karol Wojtyla and his philosophy is well known among scholars of philosophy for its rich contribution to ethics, anthropology, epistemology, and metaphysics. He is also acknowledged as a personalist philosopher because of the fundamental claims of his philosophy that enrich the movement. When Wojtyla got elected as Pope and took the name John Paul II,


Entrepreneurship Education From University Through Banking: A Real-Life Business Context

Entrepreneurship changes one’s quality of life as well as fosters the growth of the economy by generating earnings through new business. However, the journey of women entrepreneurship is not that easy as women suffer from a lack of knowledge, experience, networking, creativity, etc. Many government and non-government organizations are utilizing women entrepreneurship education to help


Use of Information and Communication Technology for Quality Education

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) aim to attain a better and viable future for everyone and the world. Quality education is one of the SD goals vital for nation-building and equalising with other countries. Technology plays a significant part in education as it enhances the quality of education when integrating Information and Communication Technologies in the


The Effects of Teacher’s Salary on Learning Outcome

The correlation between teachers’ salaries and student achievements is often debated. Many factors might impact students’ learning outcomes, but this paper only focuses on analyzing learning outcomes related to teachers’ performance, which also relates to teachers’ salaries. Data in this study is collected and analyzed by using a quantitative approach. Secondary data of PISA study


How Far Could Poor Rural Students Access Elite Universities in China? —A Discussion Based on the Cultural Reproduction Theory

The educational system seems to provide a level playing field and class leapfrogging pathway for lower-class students, because the evaluation criteria could be usually centered on academic performance. However, Bourdieu argued that lower-class children could have little access to cultural capital, so they tend to be at a competitive disadvantage including academic performance, and the


A Proposed Framework for Sustainable and Impactful Higher Education Institutions

High-quality education is necessary to create a more sustainable world. Higher Education Institutions (HEI) significantly influence future global leaders. Sustainable development has become even more important as the environmental impact on individuals and organizations has become a growing issue. A sustainability framework is a road map that outlines the paths of transformation appropriate for the


Housewives’ Resiliencies in the Post-pandemic Era: The Personal Competence, Social Competence, and Social Supports

The COVID-19 that has hit the world left adverse effects in various areas of life. Some researchers and surveys concluded that it significantly affects the family economy and causes mental health. The housewife has an important role in the family’s well-being. This research aims to describe; how housewives’ resiliencies in facing challenges in the post-pandemic


Post Pandemic Resilience: A Transition From Learning at Home to Hybrid Learning at Abstract School in Malaysia a Case of SMK Dato Seri Maharajalela, Perak, Malaysia

Pandemic COVID-19 gave an impact to the whole world including education and training sector focusing in Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) at Malaysia. With the current challenges we must face volatile and uncertainty situation across the globe. Malaysia Education system especially TVET at every level from secondary to higher TVET sector adjusted from


Child Labour and Education: A Case Study of Rehabilitation of Child Labourers of Handicraft Industry in Jaipur City of Rajasthan

The study reflects on the right to education from the lens of the educational rehabilitation of child labourers rescued from bonded labour and factors that adversely affect some children to exploit the educational opportunities. The study opened the black box of “mainstreaming the out of school children”. The more systematic it sounds, the more impossible


Human Rights, Human Capital, and Capabilities as a Normative Basis for Social Justice and Sustainable Society Development. Sub Saharan African Countries a Viewpoint

Corona Virus Diseases -19 (COVID-19) exposed high gaps of inequalities and social injustices that exists in societies. This raises questions into the adequacy of the existing human rights education frameworks to achieve the right to education to the end of achieving sustainable development and social justice in societies in general and in specific developing countries.


Towards a Sustainable Future in Times of Uncertainty: Tracing Chinese International Students’ Psychological and Academic Adjustments in the UK

The worldwide spread of COVID-19 has exerted tremendous influences on the well-being of international students and the sustainable development of higher education. The current study adopts an eight-month exploratory case study design to trace eight Chinese international students’ psychological and academic adjustments in the UK amid the COIVD-19 pandemic. Emerging from the qualitative data constitutive


USA Rural High School Students Creating Safe Spaces to Develop Community-Focused Techno-Social Projects

This paper describes a techno-social justice program (Scott, 2021) across six rural high schools in Arizona, USA between 2019 and 2021. We explore how students developed safe spaces in their classrooms while creating community-focused projects using technology. Projects included a website on environmental justice awareness, where visitors were encouraged to calculate their carbon footprint and


Resilient Modelling for Sustainability Communication: Developing an Adaptive Organization Sustainability Communication Model (OSCM)

This paper reports on the development of a theoretical model for understanding corporate communication about sustainability issues to address the identified need for such a model (Bittner-Fesseler & Weicht, 2020) and to enable organizations, including those in higher education (Katiliute et. al., 2014), “to understand the possibilities and conditions of communication processes about sustainability and


Assessing Social Apathy Among Filipino Young Adults: Construction and Validation of the Social Apathy Test (SOCAP)

Filipino young adults are often observed to lack social consciousness or interest of their socio-political environment, thus, being regarded as socially apathetic. Social apathy refers to the disorientation of the processes of society. It is a cause of insecurity and powerlessness that lead to the incapacity to build and value social life. To date, there


Integrating Design Thinking and Community-based Participatory Research to Achieve Environmental Justice for Engineering Education

Communities struggle with dismantling mechanisms perpetuating environmental injustice, even while work to address challenges of injustice continues to receive growing attention. Community-based participatory research (CBPR) offers a systematic process to address environmental injustices and to engage student-engineers. As the application of CBPR within engineering education is relatively new, much remains to be learned about its


Education and Training for Social Change: Analyzing a Social Welfare Model for Grassroots Development in Bangladesh

The shortage of skilled workers is the major barriers to economic prosperity in Bangladesh. A third of its population falls between 10-24 years old but the youth forces are not well-trained with technical education and social knowledge. The present study shows how philanthropic endeavors can contribute to improving the vulnerable conditions of the rural population


A Multidimensional Approach to Assessing China’s Adherence to Article 26(1) of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR)

While China has frequently been accused of challenging international human rights, its involvement with the right to education has rarely been the centre of scholarly attention. Education as a fundamental right is deemed essential to securing social justice, enhancing individuals’ dignity, and enabling their enjoyment of other rights. This paper investigates the degree to which


Disparities in Access to Basic Education in Brazil During the COVID-19 Pandemic

The purpose of this article is to identify the implications of inequities in access to basic education (SDG 4) during the Coronavirus pandemic in Brazil, and their reflections on structural inequalities. The H-D method is used, focusing on early childhood education, since its deficits reflect on human development and the social exclusion of historically marginalised


Discriminatory Biases in Data for Machine Learning and Human Rights

The intersectionality between data generated by machine learning/algorithms and human rights may not be obvious at times and accepted as true most of the time. Algorithms are created by people hence they aren’t particularly sensitive to gender, social, racial, moral issues.Typically, human characteristics such as gender, race, socio-economic class determine our potential to achieve outcomes


Disability-Specific Measures and Roles of Disabled People’s Organizations in Supporting Persons with Disabilities and Families during COVID-19 Pandemic

This qualitative study aimed to analyze disability-specific measures and the roles of Disabled People’s Organizations (DPOs) in supporting persons with disabilities and families. The subjects selected by means of purposive technique which consisted of 42 members of 7 DPOs and were divided into 3 groups of 14. The data were collected by focus group discussion


Breaking Boundaries of Prison Design for Architectural Design Studio

In collaboration with the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and the Thailand Institute of Justice (TIJ), design tasks for a prison design are carried out within a second-year studio course of a Bachelor’s program in architecture to improve the students socially oriented design skills and train their critical understanding towards solving designs problems


Psychometric Properties – The Construction of Pancasila Value Questionnaire

Indonesia has five core values – Spirituality, Humanity, Nationality, Democracy, and Social Justice – that root in moral values and the nation’s culture called Pancasila. These values are supposed to be internalized in all Indonesian citizen’s behavior. Until now, there was no instrument capable of measuring the extent to which these values had been internalized


An Outreach Program Transforming Lives in Africa and Preparing Future African Business Leaders

The African Scholarship Cohort (ASC) program was launched in 2016. This program is a joint venture with the University of Virginia and Distance Education for Africa. Anyone in Africa can sign up to participate in this program. Participants receive a scholarship to access an online course hosted on Coursera. Participants are supported by a community


Charitable Giving and Educational Possibilities: An Examination of Student Presentations on Charitable Giving Experiences in Japan

This paper examines Japanese student participation in charitable giving and how students reflect their giving experiences regarding social and civic engagement. While Japanese schools have long been involved in charitable activities, many schools and organizations have begun exploring the educational potential of charitable monetary giving. This is partly engendered by a renewed emphasis on financial


A Critical Review of Environmental Education for Sustainable Development Goals, UNCRC and Child-Friendly Schools

Global warming and other acts of environmental destruction have significant consequences for both the social and economic sectors. The protection of the environment and the promotion of green consumption by governments have increased more recently. Environmental education builds awareness, creates the skills and knowledge essential to communicate complex environmental problems, teaches students how their choices


Hong Kong-based Educators’ Views on Existing Hong Kong Education System: Multicultural or Not?

Hong Kong (a Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China) is promoted as Asia’s international city. However, it is suggested that Hong Kong’s education policy towards the social inclusion of non-Chinese speaking students remains ambiguous. Additionally, Hong Kong’s socially inclusive education policy is reported to be different from multiculturalism with Western characteristics. Therefore,


Macro Factors Determining Transition of Vietnamese International Students Mobility

With constant increasing in numbers of students studying abroad, Vietnam is on the way to become one of the largest contributors to the world’s international student mobility. This paper reviews the macro factors that affect the transition of trends and mobility of Vietnamese international students in the modern time. By examining related studies and literature,


Developing Socially Inclusive Practices in Chilean Higher Education Classrooms Through Participatory Action Research

Using a Participatory Action Research approach, my research will attempt to create inclusive classroom practices within a higher education classroom in Chile, with pre-service teachers as co-participants. Chilean classrooms present us with a number of dimensions that make this research, and this particular approach, necessary: in addition to having a socially excluded indigenous population struggling


Home Education: Reshaping Teachers and Parents’ Responsibilities in the Era of Intensive Parenting

A growing number of parents are choosing not to send their children to school to educate them at home. This is also happening in Italy, where home education has started arousing scholars’ interest. We cannot dismiss it as local vogue: it is an international and diverse trend that is likely bound to grow. Moreover, during


Technical Vocation Education and Training (TVET) in Changing Times, a Critical View of Prior Learning as a Link to Entrepreneurship and Employment

For many countries, lifelong learning is a key component to building the human capital that is innovative and competitive in the fast-changing global economy. Most people’s learning take place through non-formal and informal means, whether at work, home, or elsewhere. In many developing countries with their high school dropout rates, majority of people acquire workplace


Erdogan’s “New” Educational Movement: Another Battle Field Against the Gülen Movement

The private education sector plays a significant role in the Turkish education system, which is based on central exams to attend the higher schools and universities and the sector has grown rapidly in the last four decades, in which the Gülen movement achieved significant success in this sector (Vicini, 2020). Therefore, the Erdogan regime created


Bridging the Gap for Critical Eco-Literacy in the Philippines through Debating

The Philippine Congress has finally declared climate emergency in the country on November 25, 2020. While long overdue, the declaration has nonetheless sparked anew the need for environmental awareness and education. Two weeks after the declaration, high school debaters from various academic institutions gathered for the 4th Ateneo Eco Debate (AED), the sole national debate


A Study of Student’s Learning Outcomes of the Educational Program Integrating Fashion and SDGs by the U.N. Affiliated Student-driven Organization

This research aims to define the learning outcomes of the educational program, “Cherish, Enjoy, and Develop oneself”, in higher education. This educational program focuses on considering the fashion as anchored on the influence of psychological processes on wearers (Adam and Galinsky, 2012), and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to increase self-efficacy and to learn SDGs itself.


A Mentorship Model for Pre-Medical Students Disadvantaged in the Medical School Application Process

Applying to medical school is a long, convoluted, and expensive process. While some applicants may be able to afford third-party application consulting services for professional one-on-one advice, others struggle to overcome the basic financial obstacles of applying, such as application fees, travel and accommodations for interviews, and more. “Giving a Boost” (GAB) was founded at


Roma Students and Inclusive Education: The Design of Democratic Models for Intercultural Family Participation

The data provided by official organizations and the international scientific community indicate that Roma students face difficulties in the current educational system, including school segregation, student homogeneous grouping models, stereotypes and discrimination, failure, and early school leaving. The specialized scientific literature points to the participation of Roma families in the educational system as a key


Moral Techeducation: The Role of Imagination to Humanize Technological Societies

The age of advanced technologies (industry 4.0, robots, sophisticated machines able to replace human workers) has already arrived. We cannot stop to debate on the ethical demands for a human sustainability of this technological progress, and for sure we must ask ourselves if education is already providing tools to manage this epochal transition. Education seems


“Disturbing, Deeply Touching, and Highly Motivating”: Reciprocal Empowerment Through Blended Service Learning – Lessons From an Austrian University

This paper presents a novel pedagogical approach of Blended Service Learning (BSL) which was applied in an undergraduate Health Degree Program at an Austrian University. Blended Service Learning combines academic learning with practical experience and social commitment, using a range of tools and methods from online didactics. The course pursues the ambitious goal of promoting


Contemporary Family Structures and Teacher-Parent Communication

This qualitative study was designed to explore diverse-family parents’ (such as one parent family and same-sex families) perspective of their communication with their children’s teachers. This study acknowledges the importance of effective communication between teachers and parents for the benefit of the children. It is based on researches that constantly reveal the significance of home-school


Attitude to Authority and Digital Competences of Bulgarian Primary Teachers

The thesis of this study is based on the assumption that the authority of the teacher manifests as a specific status or professional role and should be internalized in his overall professional profile. The teacher’s role-playing authority is defined “a formal authority” and is strongly influenced by the requirements of the educational environment and the


Social Justice for Deaf Students in Indonesia: Implementing the Right to Education by Learning Sign Language for All

As the government of the Republic of Indonesia initiates a 12-years compulsory study program for all students, both system and study approach are different in each level of education. The higher level of education is, the more specific major the pupils learn in school. Moreover, the education system in Indonesia has a uniformity aiming to


How Does One Get in? Linguistic Capital and the Cambridge Undergraduate Admissions Interview

The Cambridge University Admissions Interview is a gatekeeping encounter in which academic staff members question, and evaluate, prospective undergraduates on the subject they have applied to study. It is politically controversial as admittance to Cambridge (or indeed Oxford, which uses a similar admissions interview) brings unparalleled educational and professional advantages, yet candidates from non-fee-paying schools


Teachers’ Perceptions of Integrated STEM and Attitudes Towards Developmental Challenges in Vietnam

Integrated STEM education provides students with science, technology, engineering, and mathematics foundational knowledge that linked to their real world. Paradoxically, the definition and application of integrated STEM have still remained elusive because the application of integrated STEM involves flexibility and contextualization. Integrated STEM requires the application of knowledge and practices from multiple S-T-E-M disciplines to


From Policy Change to Livelihoods Strategies: Implications of the New Rural Development Model in Vietnam

Since the Doi Moi (Reform) era in 1986, rural development policies in Vietnam have followed a market-based development approach that only focused on the improving cumulative growth. The top-down bureaucratic structure in policy planning and implementation failed to engage the community and understand the realities of local contexts. As a result, farmers often find it


Balinese Young Organization as Building of National Character to Counter Asymmetric Warfare in Indonesia

Bali is an Island that has a diversity of cultures and traditions which is the reason for the rapid development of tourism on the Island. However, one of the negative impacts was the penetration of foreign culture into Bali. In an effort to ward off foreign penetration in Bali, the community uses a youth organization


The Comparison of Industrial Behaviors of the Students of Rajamangala University of Technology Thanyaburi

The objectives of the research were in comparison of industrial behaviors of students of Rajamangala University of Technology Thanyaburi classified by the experience of part-time job, faculty, and GPAX. The stratified random sampling method was governed so as to select 492 senior students of Rajamangala University of Technology Thanyaburi of the academic year 2018 as


Alternatives to SDGs-based Global Issues Pedagogy in ELT

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are frequently used as a frame of reference for the teaching and learning of Global Issues content in English Language Teaching (ELT). This presentation argues that the prevalence of SDGs-based Global Issues pedagogy in ELT is partially the result of a well-intended but uncritical acceptance of the validity of the


Factors Influencing Legitimate Peripheral Academic Participation of Students in Higher Education

The aim of this study is to examine factors influencing legitimate peripheral aspects such as interpersonal of the lecturer, student’s behavior, classroom and environmental condition which influence affective and cognitive outcomes of students in IT Del. The data of this study included two methods: interviews and questionnaire. A random sample will be used in this


Independent State School Partnerships in England – Challenging Boundaries and Embracing Differences

The UK Government’s Department for Education provides state-maintained primary and secondary school places for young people in England. Some parents, however, choose private education, sending their children to fee-paying independent schools, which are not subject to the same government control. These typically have smaller classes and superior facilities to state schools (Green et al, 2011),


What’s Noteworthy and What Needs to be Taken Note of: An Exploratory Examination of a Learning Center for Refugee Children

This paper examines the initiatives of a faith-based, non-governmental learning center set up to teach basic literacy and numeracy skills to a group of Rohingya refugee children in Malaysia. Using the four criteria mentioned in the SAFE Approach; Sequenced, Active Focused, Explicit, the purpose of the study is to highlight the noteworthy practices of the


Teaching How to Give: Charitable Giving Education in Japan

This presentation examines how the importance of charitable contribution is discussed and taught in Japan. In response to the financial crisis of the 2000s, many Japanese institutions, such as the Financial Service Agency, have started to re-emphasize the significance of financial education. Newly made financial educational resources became available, including textbooks, workshops, and seminars. Interestingly,


Understanding Perceptions in Foster Care: Changing the Narrative

Changing the Narrative is a youth-initiated effort to identify implicit bias toward youth and alumni of foster care (YAFC) and to redress it within the education and social services sectors. Results from a survey distributed to a representative sample of the general public in Los Angeles County (N=2488) confirmed both that the public has negative


Lessons From a Global Analysis of the UN Conventions on Children and Disability Rights

Among the 6.7 billion people in the world, there are 2.2 billion children, of which 1 billion live in poverty. This study looks at the rights of children with disabilities and how vulnerable populations can be protected. The UN (2009) identifies several obstacles to democracy, human rights, and the rule of law, including: “deepening poverty;


Planning for Capacity Building on Career Support of Vietnamese Technical Colleges: A Perspective of South Korea’s Official Development Assistance

The purpose of this project is to provide a model for establishing a career support system for higher education institutions in Vietnam by applying and spreading the social partnership model of Vietnamese industry, government, and school. Since capacity building projects may not achieve their goals even if they complete all their individual activities, it is


The Roles of Islam Students in Preserving the Indonesian Value of Bhinneka Tunggal Ika (Unity in Diversity)

Students’ organizations play very important roles in delivering the knowledge, the impression, and the spirit of Indonesian nationalism under the umbrella of Bhinneka Tunggal Ika (Unity in Diversity). One of the challenges currently faced by Indonesian students’ organizations is their capabilities, or lack thereof, to protect their noble intentions from the interests of certain parties


The Bilingual School Administrative Strategies: A Case Study of Huathalea Municipality School, Nakhon Ratchasima Province, Thailand

The purposes of this study were 1) to study the context and needs of the bilingual school. 2) to create and evaluate the bilingual school strategies of Huathalea municipality school. Mixed method researched into 2 phases. Phase 1, the study the context and needs of the bilingual school consists of 2 steps: step 1 document


Internal Migration and Educational Attainment: Are Rural Migrant Workers Uniquely Socially Vulnerable in China?

Background. Since 1980, China has been experiencing the largest migration in human history. Rural migrant workers are barred from enjoying fair treatment, when compared with their local urban counterparts, in both occupational and social settings. Research aims. The aim was to understand whether internal migration per se is associated with unique social vulnerability among rural


Dirty Battery, an Alternative Source of Electricity (DBASE) for the Community

Extension service is one of the functions of Higher Education Institutions in the Philippines. It is a service thrust of the University where community development projects and programs are served among the various sectors of community. With the University of Rizal System’s commitment to empower community through relevant and sustainable technical instruction, research and extension


Oral or Poster only: On the Lack of Acceptance of Virtual Presentations at Language Education Conferences

There are many reasons that travel, particularly air travel, to conferences may be unwanted or impossible. Such reasons include, but are not limited to, physical disability, lack of financing, political restrictions, and concerns over climate change and ecological sustainability. Nonetheless, presenting at conferences is often key to academic and research networking, disseminating one’s research or


Ethical Practices in Vocational Technical Education: A Sure Way to Sustainable Vocational Education in Nigeria

Ethics defines good or bad. When applied to institutions, it allows groups to determine fair and appropriate procedures of doing things. Vocational and Technical Education (VTE) is the form of education which is obtainable at Technical Colleges and designed to prepare individuals to acquire technical or practical knowledge/vocational skills, basic and scientific knowledge necessary for