Indonesia has five core values - Spirituality, Humanity, Nationality, Democracy, and Social Justice - that root in moral values and the nation’s culture called Pancasila. These values are supposed to be internalized in all Indonesian citizen's behavior. Until now, there was no instrument capable of measuring the extent to which these values had been internalized by Indonesian High School (HS) students. Therefore, this research aims to construct a Pancasila Values Questionnaire that is capable of measuring how far HS students have internalized these values. To derive the item, we use the last stages of the Bloom’s Taxonomy affective domain, namely characterization. At this stage, individuals developed a value-based system that was internalized into his/her character and controls his/her actions resulting in consistent and predictable behaviors. Someone who reached this stage will consistently behave under the Pancasila values. The phrase ‘how often’ was used as a way to measure how the values were consistently shown in daily activities. Participants of this study are Junior and Senior HS students from Jakarta, and four of its satellite cities. The try-out found that there was an indication that this instrument was not able to measure the Pancasila Value in Junior HS students, so the data collection was continued only with Senior HS students. Finally, it was found that the PVQ is a valid and reliable instrument that can be used to measure the internalization of Pancasila values in Senior HS students from the Indonesian capital and its satellite cities.
Victoria Geraldin Wahyudi Ongkowardoyo, University of Indonesia, Indonesia
Clara N. Agusta, University of Indonesia, Indonesia
Lydia Freyani Hawadi, University of Indonesia, Indonesia