Sexual and Reproductive Health Education to Attain Inclusive Education in Indonesia


Education about Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR) needs to be implemented in inclusive education to establish social justice. SRHR is everyone's right because it is tightly related to success of human empowerment. The Indonesian Ministry of Education and Culture has issued guidelines for Sexual and Reproductive Health and Right program to implement inclusive education. The legal basis for SRHR education has been regulated in Health Law Number 36 of 2009. However, SRHR education has not been implemented optimally in the inclusive education policy. The problems include the amount of sexual violence that occurs in formal schools, pregnancies outside of marriage, and the high number of early marriages among students. Sexual and Reproductive health knowledge is essential for male and female students. This article aims to survey the extent to which inclusive education in Indonesia contributes to sexual and reproductive health issues based on the Salamanca education perspective and principles. This study employs a systematic literature review through UNESCO inclusive education guidelines, SRHR Education, and various cases of sexual violence among students in Indonesia. The results indicate that the implementation of inclusive education in Indonesia is not optimal because it does not prioritize SRHR education as a major priority to prevent sexual violence and pregnancy outside of marriage among students. As a result, students are vulnerable to sexual violence cases because they do not understand the importance of sexual and reproductive health in their bodies. The implementation of SRHR in schools is expected to build social justice in more comprehensive and gender perspective inclusive in Indonesia.

Author Information
Alfiatul Khairiyah, Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia
Nefa Wahyuning Anggraini, Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia
Fitriatul Hasanah, Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia

Paper Information
Conference: ACE2023
Stream: Education

This paper is part of the ACE2023 Conference Proceedings (View)
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To cite this article:
Khairiyah A., Anggraini N., & Hasanah F. (2024) Sexual and Reproductive Health Education to Attain Inclusive Education in Indonesia ISSN: 2186-5892 The Asian Conference on Education 2023: Official Conference Proceedings
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Posted by James Alexander Gordon