Kota, a coaching city, situated in south eastern Rajasthan in India has emerged as the hub to prepare for engineering, medical entrance tests. Students undergone coaching here have been grabbing the top All India Ranks in entrance tests for over two decades. More than 2 lakh students from the country and even abroad come to Kota for coaching every year. But recent statistics reveals that the suicide rate among students preparing for entrance examinations is on the rise and has recorded highest among adolescents compared to any other city in the country.
Therefore, a need for a holistic and an indepth research study addressing different aspects of a coaching student’s life was felt. Data related to demographic and Socio-economic of students, their motivation, lifestyle, performance, daily routine, instances of stress, how they overcome it was collected through a survey of a sample constituting of 476 current students from 4 major coaching institutes in the city and was analysed using factor analysis, cluster analysis and ANOVA.
Results showed a culture of competition, confrontation with unrealistic expectations of parents, pressure to perform best and financial burdens generate excessive stress and anxiety among students.
Understanding the sources of stress may help in policy formulation and facilitate the development of effective counseling modules and intervention strategies by the institutes of coaching that may help student alleviate stress. The study makes parents, teachers, educational authorities and Government realise that they can help the student to guard himself getting into state of stress and despair.
Monika Dubey, Vardhman Mahavieer Open University, India
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