An Education as a Rehabilitation Tool for Incarcerated People


Following the new paradigm of working with people during incarceration, rehabilitation programs have replaced the retributive or deterrence perspective, which is the old way to punish criminals. The method of punishment in the form of rehabilitation focuses on changing the offender's behavior to become a good person and the conscience not to repeat the same offense and be able to return to society and live according to social norms. In addition to restricting certain rights and freedoms (such as being detained in prison), this is an essential punishment for criminal acts. Those entering the punishment and rehabilitation process must have adequate training to return to their everyday lives, such as education, vocational training, and psychological treatment, to avoid feeling low self-worth from being judged and punished. The correctional system in Thailand not only uses education programs to improve inmates' literacy but also provides programs to support the idea of rehabilitation punishment. The research presented that prisoners who attended the educational programs (formal education, non-formal education, and informal education) and vocational education will improve their life skills and self-esteem and be ready for release without turning back to criminal pathways. However, the responses of prisoners about the educational programs in prisons in Thailand are limited to programs and teachers, including the differences in gender characteristics, which the Thai correctional systems and related government sectors should be concerned about in the future.

Author Information
Saowathan Phoglad, Thammasat University, Thailand

Paper Information
Conference: ACEID2024
Stream: Education

This paper is part of the ACEID2024 Conference Proceedings (View)
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To cite this article:
Phoglad S. (2024) An Education as a Rehabilitation Tool for Incarcerated People ISSN: 2189-101X – The Asian Conference on Education & International Development 2024 Official Conference Proceedings
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Posted by James Alexander Gordon