JUST Energy Transition and Human Capital Readiness in Indonesia: A Qualitative Study Based on the JUST Framework


The National Energy General Plan (RUEN) anticipates generating over 1 million green jobs by 2050 through the energy transition. However, this transition could face a shortage of human capital in the absence of adequate knowledge, skills, and abilities in Indonesia's energy sector. To mitigate this potential shortfall, it's crucial for the national education system and job sector to integrate energy transition exposure effectively.

Our study aims to identify key policy levers to enhance Indonesia's education sector's preparedness regarding human capital and address potential inequities during the energy transition. Data collection utilized a qualitative research design, and this paper analyzes the current state of human capital readiness in the energy sector using the Five Dimensions of Justice from the JUST Framework by Heffron and McCauley—Distributive, Procedural, Recognition, Restorative, and Cosmopolitan Justice. NVivo 12 will be employed to organize and analyze the data, utilizing deductive thematic analysis.

Based on the JUST framework, our findings highlight that climate change and the energy transition are not yet fully integrated into the curriculum. While the Government of Indonesia plans to include climate change content in the Merdeka Curriculum, it isn't presently mandatory for schools and higher education institutions to incorporate energy transition-related topics. Furthermore, many academic majors in Indonesia still lack a low-carbon focus. As a partial remedy, a new optional subject has been introduced to mainstream this topic, albeit without accompanying incentives and policy. Thus, this study could help the Indonesian government and several stakeholders leverage human capital readiness for the energy transition.

Author Information
Vivi Fitriyanti, Independent Scholar, Indonesia
Ahmad Munawir Siregar, Independent Scholar, Indonesia
Muhammad Salman Hakim, Independent Scholar, Indonesia
Filda Citra Yusgiantoro, Independent Scholar, Indonesia

Paper Information
Conference: ACEID2024
Stream: Education

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Posted by James Alexander Gordon