Housewives’ Resiliencies in the Post-pandemic Era: The Personal Competence, Social Competence, and Social Supports


The COVID-19 that has hit the world left adverse effects in various areas of life. Some researchers and surveys concluded that it significantly affects the family economy and causes mental health. The housewife has an important role in the family's well-being. This research aims to describe; how housewives’ resiliencies in facing challenges in the post-pandemic era are based on personal and social competencies and social support; and how education and income contribute to their resiliency. The research is qualitative in nature. Data was collected by the online survey which was participated by 2785 Indonesian housewives living in the cities and districts. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results found that most respondents (78.28%) were in high and very high resilience levels while less than (10%) were in the level of low and very low. The same pattern is shown in the personal competencies, social competencies, and social support in developing the resiliency levels. There were no different patterns in participants’ perceptions among education levels, as well as income levels. Interestingly those who have a very low income have the same pattern of resilience as the highest income. This condition is influenced by the religion and culture of the Indonesian people. They surrender all their business to the Creator, and they always help each other whenever they face difficulties including providing food and facilities during and after pandemic COVID-19. It is better to maintain the values of religion and culture of the Indonesian people to improve their resiliency.

Author Information
Nur Listiawati, The National Research and Innovation Agency, Indonesia
Siswantari Siswantari, The National Research and Innovation Agency, Indonesia
Simon Sili Sabon, The National Research and Innovation Agency, Indonesia
Yendri Wirda, The National Research and Innovation Agency, Indonesia

Paper Information
Conference: ACE2022
Stream: Education

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Posted by James Alexander Gordon