The Challenges in Producing Social Entrepreneurs Among Graduates From the Indigenous Community in Malaysia


To support the sustainability of entrepreneurship agenda within the Higher Education (HE) institutions in Malaysia, the Ministry of Higher Education (MOHE) launched the Entrepreneurship Action Plan 2021-2025 and the HE Integrated Entrepreneurship Education Guide. This is because, it has been the aspiration of the Malaysian government through these entrepreneurship policies, that Malaysia starts to produce balanced and holistic graduates with entrepreneurial mind-sets and to nurture job creators rather than just grooming jobseekers. Social entrepreneurship which is a type of entrepreneurship has been recognized to create job creators among graduates and contribute to the socio-economic development of the country. However, this aspiration might pose challenges to individuals in marginalized communities such as the indigenous community. Data shows that entrepreneurial activities among graduates from the indigenous community are still limited. This study aimed to explore the challenges in producing entrepreneurs particularly social entrepreneurs among graduates from the indigenous community in Malaysia. It was conducted as a qualitative study based on sixteen respondents who participated in the study. Data were collected through a combination of observation and semi-structured interviews. The findings revealed significant challenges categorized into internal and external challenges. Internal challenges include knowledge, awareness, and attitude, whereas external challenges comprise of support, location, and tradition. This study provides one of the many solutions in combating poverty and building economics for young Malaysians, especially those in the marginalized communities.

Author Information
Nazahah Rahim, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia
Faizahani Ab Rahman, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia
Azyyati Anuar, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia

Paper Information
Conference: ECE2023
Stream: Education

This paper is part of the ECE2023 Conference Proceedings (View)
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To cite this article:
Rahim N., Rahman F., & Anuar A. (2023) The Challenges in Producing Social Entrepreneurs Among Graduates From the Indigenous Community in Malaysia ISSN: 2188-1162 The European Conference on Education 2023: Official Conference Proceedings
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Posted by James Alexander Gordon