Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) devices emerged in the 1980s as an effective communication support technology for individuals with complex communication needs . Naturally, AAC has been used in the special education field, especially gaining its popularity among individuals with developmental disabilities. Research shows that exposure to the AAC system helps individuals with developmental disabilities to learn and use everyday expressions, ultimately supporting social interaction in different situations. Currently, despite that there are a number of AAC devices that are effectively utilized in the field, most of them focus on daily expressions, leaving some unique situations completely dark for its users: there is a lack of research on AAC for urgent medical situations where patients with developmental disabilities often do not know how to express their pain and important symptoms. This could lead to a misdiagnosis by the medical professional due to lack of information and miscommunication about the symptoms. To improve the communication between the patients with developmental disabilities and the medical service providers, this study focuses on the development of a book-based AAC specifically designed to help individuals with developmental disabilities learn to communication their symptoms during urgent medical situations. In this study, the authors introduce the process of developing the book-based AAC device, and examine the appropriateness as well as its effectiveness through expert and caregiver interviews.
Jieun Kwon, Ewha Women's University, South Korea
Jusung Kim, Ewha Women's University, South Korea
Yunha Park, Ewha Women's University, South Korea
Hyelin Kim, Ewha Women's University, South Korea
Youngsun Lee, Ewha Women's University, South Korea