Accessibility of Inclusive Education in Indonesia: A Trajectory From Classroom Practice to Policy Recommendation


Based on statistical data for Special Education (2020), there are a total of 2,270 Special Schools (SLB) at various levels of education units throughout Indonesia. With details of 593 schools owned by the government and 1,677 schools owned by the private sector. The number of SLB mentioned above is compared with the number of predictions based on prevalence (more than 10 million children) and data recorded by the Ministry of Education and Culture (1.6 million), indicating limited access to education and many children with disabilities are not enrolled in school. This study employs descriptive analysis and uses online surveys for teachers who want to participate in this study (convenience sampling). The instrument used is a survey with the following components: perception, pedagogy, and facilities, with sub-components concerning the 'teacher-student', 'student-student', and 'student-content' aspects. There are a total of 35 (thirty-five) statement items as measured by a Likert scale. It was recorded that 229 teachers participated in the online survey which was conducted from December 2020 to February 2021. The survey results show that only 50% to a maximum of 70% of the ideal conditions of inclusive schools have been fulfilled. Cooperation and communication with parents is an aspect that has been carried out a lot and of course, this still needs to be expanded toward active participation. The hope is that in the future, the education budget can also begin to be directed to meet facilities and infrastructure, and services towards a sustainable Inclusive School.

Author Information
Athifah Utami, Universidad de Cordoba, Spain
Afifah Muharikah, Griffith University, Australia
Siti Fadlilah, Kao Yuan University, Taiwan
Naufal Rizkulloh, Mangalore University, India
Rania Chairunnisa Qisti, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia

Paper Information
Conference: ECE2023
Stream: Education & Difference: Gifted Education

This paper is part of the ECE2023 Conference Proceedings (View)
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To cite this article:
Utami A., Muharikah A., Fadlilah S., Rizkulloh N., & Qisti R. (2023) Accessibility of Inclusive Education in Indonesia: A Trajectory From Classroom Practice to Policy Recommendation ISSN: 2188-1162 The European Conference on Education 2023: Official Conference Proceedings
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Posted by James Alexander Gordon