Research on the Awareness of Affective Needs and the Design of Observation Checklist of Classroom Behavior for Gifted Students


This study tried to understand gifted students’ emotional needs and develop the observation checklist of classroom behavior for gifted students to improve the effectiveness of gifted educators’ counseling strategy and build a comprehensive preventive counseling mechanism for gifted students through class observations, interviews, and Delphi technique by gifted teachers with practical experience. We observed and interviewed 3 gifted educators to understand the common behavioral characterization and teacher coaching strategies for the gifted students. Then, we organized a total of 56 behaviors/characteristics and verbal responses in five parts, includes positive behaviors, negative behaviors, as well as perfectionism, low achievement and interpersonal problems of gifted students. Then, through three cycles of Delphi Technique questionnaire surveys conducted by 15 experienced teachers for gifted students, and designed the observation checklist to be the observation indicators of the gifted students' emotional needs for gifted educators. In these items, we choose the principle that the mean must be above 4.0, the standard deviation (SD) must be less than 1.0, the interquartile difference must be less than 1.0, and the absolute value of the difference between the mode and the mean must be less than 1.0. It had a total of 30 items in observation checklist, including 8 items of positive behavior, 6 items of negative behavior, 4 items of perfectionism, 6 items of low achievement, and 6 items of interpersonal problems of gifted students. Finally, we held a focus group to discuss how to strengthen class management and teaching effectiveness for gifted students.

Author Information
Hsiao-Ping Yu, National Taiwan Normal University, Taiwan

Paper Information
Conference: ECE2023
Stream: Education & Difference: Gifted Education

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Posted by James Alexander Gordon