Most art-making such as drawing and painting are visional. However, the three-dimensional medium in visual art such as sculpture and installation art are spatial forms. Compared with painting, 3D media has the actual volume and spatial relationship with other objects. In handling 3D medium to make a work of art, students need to make sense of the feeling and relationship from their material via hand and eye. They need no transition from the real world into 2D. The traits of autism spectrum disorder （ASD） include abnormal responses to sensory stimuli. Some children with ASD have delayed development with fine and gross motor skills. These traits relate to the cognitive, psychological and social dimensions. Arts teachers or parents of children with ASD often use visual cues as main strategy in their classroom to stimulate cognitive development. Therefore, this study wants to know what behaviors and appearances students with ASD present when art class using 3D media with visual and tactile properties.
Meng Ting Ou, National Changhua University of Education, Taiwan