The German project Inclusive Education tackles, worldwide unique, the social isolation of people with intellectual disabilities via qualifying them in full-time over three years to be fully paid lecturers at universities. Participants have been diagnosed with mild or moderate intellectual disabilities (ICD-10-CM, Code F70 and F 71). The group of currently 31 participants is diverse and includes e.g. further diagnoses such as autism, trisomy 21, speech and physical impairments. All worked in a sheltered workshop before (requirement to apply for participating).
The qualification includes four theoretical modules (education system, participation, inclusion and techniques of educational work) and two practical modules (teaching experiences in universities) alongside a handbook. One qualification group consist of six participants. The specific methods of the qualification leader (pedagogical background) vary with respect to the participants.
The participants teach on life realities of people with intellectual disabilities in all areas (e.g. education, work, housing) and inclusion in different formats (e.g. seminar, lecture, workshops). Currently target groups are mainly teacher training and social work students.
Research results: Teacher training students change attitudes towards inclusion (Mau, Diehl & Groß 2017).
Teacher training students´ beliefs and motivations towards inclusion change positively (Krämer, Zimmermann 2018).
At the transition from finishing the qualification and beginning to work on the regular labour market participants report that
… their social capital increased,
… their self-confidence improved,
… they developed educational skills,
… they have respect regarding the transition to the labour market,
… they expect an increase of self-determination (van Essen [in process]).
Fabian van Essen, IUBH University of Applied Sciences, Germany
Stream: Education & Difference: Gifted Education
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