Category: Sustainability

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Reconstruction Model of Community Development for Energy Self Sufficient Village

Changes in Indonesia’s status as a nett importer of oil and the rise of international crude oil prices in 2005, led the newly appointed SBY government (in October 2004) to find solutions in fulfilling national energy needs. One of them is the development of jatropha oil as biodiesel. At that time, jatropha biodiesel would be

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Sustainable Management for a Long-Term Caring Center Taking Community Service as a Moderating Role

According to Ministry of Interior, there were more than 2.6 million people older than 65 years in Taiwan. It consisted of 11.15% of the whole population. Long-term caring for senior persons in Taiwan is now a booming business that delicate business prescription is a must for any private institution. No more than 48 beds in

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Sustainable Management and Environmental Limitation in Recreational Raft Industry at Cigu Wetland in Taiwan

Cigu wetland is one of few well preserved wetlands in Taiwan. It covers 2,997 hectares including the Cigu lagoon. The Cigu lagoon is now a famous eco-tourism site and recreational raft is the key component attracting tourists to enjoy their leisure activities at Cigu wetland and its neighboring communities. The objective of this paper was

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Maximum Power Point Tracker Based on Perturb and Observe Algorithm for Photovoltaic Energy System under Egyptian Conditions

In this paper, a maximum power point tracker (MPPT) based on perturb and observe algorithm for photovoltaic (PV) energy system is introduced. MPPT is a dc to dc converter that regulates the output power to ensure an optimum value of the PV module voltage to extract the maximum power from PV module. The main objective

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Water for Coal Production in Mongolia

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The Demand for Automobile Fuel Efficiency in Taiwan

Based on the data for Taiwan’s automobile industry, we explore consumers’ preferences over various automobile characteristics and responses to increasing fuel expenditures. We find that while consumers prefer more fuel efficient automobiles, the preference for higher power is insignificant when endogeneity issues are fully accounted for, which reflects for a small and crowded country with

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Wind Catcher Earth Air Tunnel: A Tool for Passive Cooling for Residential Homes in New Cites of Egypt

Wind catcher Earth air tunnels systems are proposed to be used in modern buildings to minimize the consumption of non-renewable energy. A tunnel in the form of a heat ex-changer burns at a depth of about 4 m below the ground level will acquire the near temperature as the surrounding earth. Therefore, when the ambient

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Solar Water Heating: The Case of Mauritius

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Passive House To Improve the Environment

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The Earth And Ice-pits Sustainable Architecture In Iran

Many architects hold the view that Iranian traditional architecture has proved to be successful in creating innovative and sustainable architecture especially in hot-arid parts of the country. Among those architectures, an ice pit or Yakh-chal is a clear-cut example. An ice-house (or a Yakh-chal literally meaning “ice pit”, Yakh meaning ice and Chal meaning pit)

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Sustainability in Kalash Textile and Fashion

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A Plane of “Shine” in Search of Synergy

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A Lighting Controller for Led Lamp Cooperated with Daylighting in Thailand

This research aimed to develop a lighting controller for LED lamps coordinated with day lighting (LCTL) for replacing the lamps that were installed near windows. This device would control LED lamps to work appropriately at daylight levels. The results revealed that the developed device could control the lighting of LED lamps coordinated with day lighting

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A Study of Feasibility to Utilize Lignocellulosic Biomass as Materials for Biodiesel Production

Lignocellulosic biomass is a renewable, inexpensive, and abundant resource with high potential for biofuel production to implement the sustainable energy energy worldwide. The bottleneck of biofuel production is the recalcitration of ligoncellulosic biomass to fermentable sugars. Searching for a novel cellulase, a biocatalyst, is one of major challenges to promote biofuel production with economic and

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Energy Efficient Building Design: Revisiting Traditional Architecture

Energy Efficient design of buildings and their operations are becoming more and more important in the world. A building is a system that is linked to its surrounding environment and is subject to a range of interactions between the external conditions and the indoor comfort condition. Buildings are major consumers of energy in both their

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Promoting Sustainability in Selected African Fashion Design Institutions

The period 2005-2014 was identified as the Decade of Education for Sustainable Development (DESD. The Decade highlighted education and learning as vehicles through which sustainable agenda could be voiced in the common pursuit of sustainable development. Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) provides better understanding of the complex interdependence between human needs and the natural environment.

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Assessment for Sustainable Solid Waste Management in Nakhon Ratchasima City Municipality, Thailand

Rapid increase in volume and types of solid waste generation due to economic growth, urbanization and industrialization has become a problem in developing countries including Thailand. Urban cities in Thailand such as Nakhon Ratchasima City Municipality (NRCM) have put sustainable waste management among their top priorities. One way to solve this problem is to convert

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Environmental Impact Evaluation Using Cost Benefit Analysis and Multi Criterion Analysis: A Case Study of Rayong Province, Thailand

Rayong Province is a major industrial area in Thailand. For more than 30 years this province has served the demand of Thailand’s petro-chemical industries, mainly in the Map Ta Phut industrial zone. However, the industrialization of the area has resulted in many serious environmental and health problems, causing distrust and protests from the local people,

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Status and Trends of Renewable Energy Development in Gaza Strip

Gaza Strip is 360 km with a high density population of about 4,118 people / km2, so Gaza Strip represents one of the most densely populated areas in the World. As the population in Gaza Strip increases (population growth rate 2.7 % year), the consumption of water and energy will increase; leading to significant rise

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Effect of Acidic Soil on Free Fatty Acid of Palm Oil in Thailand

Oil plam was the most important biodiesel plants and were considered as an important part of energy future in Thailand. Some oil palm plantations were grown in soil pH with acid conditions, which lacked of supporting data for agriculturalist. Attempts were made to study the effect of the level of soil pH on the quality

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The Consideration of Heat Reduction Hourly Schedule on Front Surface of Photovoltaic Module to Improve Efficiency

The efficiency of the Photovoltaic (PV) are depended on many things, one of them is the accumulative heat on the front surface which related to the operating temperature. The attempt to improve PV efficiency was carried out by reducing the heat on the front surface. The Monocrystalline silicon photovoltaic was used in the experiment. There

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The Potential of Tourist Attractions: A Case Study of 2 Rural Connecting Districts in the Western Part of Thailand

The area along the Thai-Burmese border in the western part of Thailand is dominated by mountain ranges lying in north-south direction. This area is enriched with national parks, wildlife sanctuaries, and diversity of ethnic minority groups. Some of these places are promoted to be tourist attractions. However, sustainable tourism is still in its infancy. The

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Implications of spatial sustainability on the territorial planning framework in a transition country

Sustainable development involves a synergic integration of social, economic, environmental, and cultural issues to a multi-scale hierarchy of territorial systems. This sentence underlines the importance of the territorial dimension of sustainability, in addition to the need for a systemic approach, and has special implications over spatial planning, accounting for the entire process related to landscapes,

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Extracting Work from Environmental Thermal Energy via a Process Involving Two ‘Spontaneous’ Entropy Transfers

Previous work described an entrochemical system, an energetically closed system which spontaneously creates an internal thermal gradient. This work developed a theoretical description of such systems. The systems can be linked together to increase the overall thermal gradient. This thermal gradient may be used to enable water distillation. In this paper we complete the circle

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The Integrated Development of the Community Learning Center of Philosophy of Economic Sufficiency.  Case study: DongKraTongYam Sub-district,  SriMaHaPho District, Prachinburi Province

The research objectives were to determine the effectiveness of rural development tactics in rural, agricultural Thailand. The action research method was conducted with DongKraTongYam Sub-district, Prachinburi, Thailand. The data were collected by mixed-method field studies, in-depth interviews, focus groups, and analyzed by mean, standard deviation and content analysis. We initiated three projects: a community collaboration

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Key Issues on Designing and Implementing Emissions Trading System in China

The mitigation of carbon emissions has been the subject of gradual policy development in the international community during recent years. China, as the world’s most populous and largest developing country, is a large greenhouse gas emissions source that grows rapidly in line with its industrialisation and urbanisation. Extensive air pollution within China today, however, is

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A Multi-Sectoral, Multi-Household, General Equilibrium Model to Assess the Impact of a Carbon Price on the Australian Economy

The Australian government announced a tax of $23 per tonne of CO2 as a starting carbon price which commenced from 1 July 2012. The economic implications of this carbon price are projected using a descriptive Computable General Equilibrium model of the Australian economy titled A3E-G. With an explicit tax, the A3E-G model is capable of

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Modeling of a Single-Chamber Microbial Fuel Cell Using Glycerin as an Energy Source

A bio-electrochemical system of microbial fuel cell (MFC) can operate on wastewater and various organic substances. One of the promising energy sources is crude glycerin waste from biodiesel production. Similar to any process, MFC needs accurate computational models for modifications and optimization of the system. We propose a comprehensive computational modeling of a membrane-less single-chamber

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Rates of Sediment Deposition in Lam Phra Phloeng Dam, Nakorn Ratchasima Province, Thailand, Using 210 Pb as a Geochronometer

Lam Phra Phloeng dam, Nakhon Ratchasima province, is one of the dams most seriously affected by soil erosion related sedimentation in Thailand. Deforestation and rapid land use change, from forest to agricultural land, has led to increase sediment load in rivers draining into the dam. The dominant crops in the upper catchment are sugar-cane and

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Regime dynamics and diversification of Norwegian energy system incumbents

Given the urgency of realizing a transition to more sustainable energy systems, it is crucial to gain more knowledge about the role of incumbents and the dynamics of regimes. Over the past decade many energy system incumbents have found themselves responding to exogenous challenges in their core domestic markets and many have strategically reoriented themselves

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Enhancing Coral Reef Resilience Through Ecological Restoration: Concepts and Challenges

The coupling of environmental and anthropogenic stressors has driven global coral reefs to rapid decline. Furthermore, changing human demographics and growing dependence on coastal resources provided by corals reefs have underlined the need for immediate measures to ensure sustainable use of this key marine ecosystem. While passive management measures have been useful in retarding this

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Adapting the Design Principles of Business Dashboards for Visualizing Status and Trends of River Water Quality –  A Case Study of Yogyakarta Province, Indonesia

Monitoring of river water quality is an essential part of environmental management activities. It is generating new data periodically, which are hard to keep track of with multiple pages of traditional reports or spreadsheets. A dashboard that can show a graphical presentation of the current status and historical trends of river water quality is needed

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The Study and Research of Wind Energy for Electricity Generator in Chana District, Songkhla Thailand

This article is aimed to study and research about the wind energy for the electricity generator around Chana District, Songkhla province(Southern of Thailand), Thailand. The experiment used three vertical wind turbine, 12 volts 200 watts electric current, charger control, 1,500 watts battery, and 525 watts inverter. This study revealed that the wind energy can generate

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Green Architecture and Environmental Design using Rapid-Prototyping Social-Networking Sandbox Tools, followed by Professional Architectural Software

In 2012 the United Nations UN-Habitat’s Sustainable Urban Development Network partnered with European Union sandbox-game developers of architectural and social-networking software. The U.N. goal is to upgrade 300 public spaces worldwide by 2016 by joining professional designers with local inhabitants in virtual-world simulations of public spaces so that a collective design experience may be realized.

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The Effect of Accounting Information System Implementation on Accounting Information Quality and Its Impacts on Managerial Performance.(survey at 26 Districts/ Cities in West Java Province-Indonesia)

The local government financial management paradigm has been changed over few years in Indonesia. This is shown by the implementation of local financial information system which integrates each agency of local government. In turns, it is expected that local managerial can increase their performance trhough this mechanism. This research aims to study and analyse the

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Current Status of Coral Reef Restoration in Singapore

Since the mid 1960s, coral reefs in Singapore have been impacted by a variety of anthropogenic disturbances such as coastal development, land reclamation and dredging. While the supply of coral larvae in Singapore is non-limiting, the survival of new recruits is challenged in an environment of chronically high sediment loads and unconsolidated rubble that is

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Introduction of Renewable Energy into City-Chino in Nagano

City-Chino is located at the foot of Mount Yatsugatake in the central Japan. Its elevation ranges from 800 to 1300m above sea level. This area can be characterized by long sunshine duration and a large elevation difference, which are both favorable to the renewable energy. Accordingly, the first author, a civil servent of the local

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Reducing the Budget Deficit Sustainably in Vietnam: Pathway to 2020

Vietnam economy continously has to face with uncertainties such as low economic growth, inflation, and trade balance deficits and especially budget deficits which lead to double deficits in recent years. This broadly influences on various areas in the country’s economy, especially the private sector. However, Vietnam’s policies to reduce the budget deficit of Vietnam have

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Sense of Place as Community Empowerment in Bioregional Planning Process: A Proposed Model

Dynamic landscape change affects and is affected by human attitudes. Research in landscape ecological sciences has focusing on whether and how spatial organization of landscape creates stable, functioning ecosystems. Humans have been treated as an independent, separate entity despite the fact that in this space they connect and embed their values, perception and attitudes when

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Bioenergy Potential Assessment of Wastewater Sludge and Forestry Waste in Taiwan: Financial Analysis and Life Cycle Assessment

Final disposal of enormous wastewater sludge in Taiwan becomes an environmental issue since most landfill sites will be closed in the next decade. The low heat value and high ash content in sludge restrict its energy application using thermochemical processes. Co-firing of sludge with the abundant forestry wastes like wood chips in Taiwan seems a

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Drylands Agriculture and Prevention Strategy of Environmental Agroecosystem Damage in Kabupaten Musi Rawas, South Sumatra

Until now, the use of drylands as a agricultural mode is severely lacking in Indonesia. Agriculture, Paddy farming in this sense, is done more in wetlands. In fact, the drylands area occupies the largest area of Indonesia. Besides that, the future of drylands has a strategic position in the agricultural development in Indonesia. Therefore, the

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Widening Access or Narrowing Student Choice? The Re-emergence of Elitism in the Uk Higher Education System

Higher education systems in many parts of the world have struggled to reconcile falling state support with widening access and increasing participation of previously excluded groups. Evidence from the UK higher education system suggests that this tension has led to the re-emergence of a bifurcation of the education system along social class lines. This paper

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Influence on the Combustion Process of the Type of Fertilizer Used on an Energy Crop (Populus Nigra, L.)

The overall objective of this work was to investigate whether the response to a combustion process was influenced by the material used for fertilizing an energy crop. Hence, black poplar was used as a lignocellulosic biomass crop and three different treatments were applied to fertilize it: digestate from the anaerobic digestion of manure, sewage sludge

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Total Sulfur Deposition over Forest in Tropical Climatology, Thailand

Sulfur (S) is the key component of atmospheric acid deposition on ecological system. This study, S components were collected by a four-stage filter pack over a tropical forest from July 2011 to June 2012 at Sakearat Environmental Research Station. The experiment was operated under conditional sampling technique or relaxed eddy accumulation (REA) method. This method

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A Strategic Model towards the Empowerment of Distributed Solar Pv System for Sustainable Rural Communities in Malaysia

Power scarcity due to the depletion of fossil fuels could cause frequent power interruptions and lead to a disruption of the nation’s social structure. The most vulnerable group is the low-income people in the rural areas, who have limited access to generate their own power supplies. Due to this situation, it is necessary to introduce

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Deteremination of Energy Consumption in Pest Control Using pesticides in New Zealand

This paper examines the energy consumption of pesticide applications in New Zealand. Energy use in pest control using pesticides is investigated in the horticultural, arable, pastoral and forestry sectors, based on30 different groups of farm products. On average, total energy consumption in pesticide applications in New Zealand was estimated at about 2,350,757 GJ. Energy use

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Cationic Contamination In Lake’s Of West Zone, Ahmedabad, Gujarat,India

Ahmedabad is unique in the whole of India in matters of environmental neatness and flourishing conditions and it is superior to other cites in the excellence of its monuments. Ahmedabad Urban Development Authority (AUDA) proposes to undertake work for revival, development of catchments areas and beatification of few lakes under the present project. Of these;

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Sustainable City Indicators for Greater Mae Kong Sub-Region : Cases from Thailand and Lao PDR

Countries in Greater Mae Kong Sub-region (GMS) have agreed in 1992 to develop international cooperation aiming for economic development, which will in turn improving quality of life of local citizens. However, economic development, if unplanned, may cause adverse impacts to local society. New cities in this region have arisen at a rapid rate in the

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An Impact Assessment of Rural Electrification Project in China

This article investigates the relationship between China’s coal consumption in power sector and sustainable GDP per capita. By subtracting the environmental and social cost from the GDP, the overall effect of power-generating coal use on the country’s economic growth is re-examined using time series data from 1961 to 2010. Statistical analysis shows that the role

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Conception of a New Water Collection System Using LiBr Solution for Dry Area

Nowadays the problem of water shortage and water pollution is very serious all over the world. Moreover, these limited water resources are faced with a very serious industrial and domestic pollution particularly in developing country like China. To solve the problem of water shortage, many methods have been proposed and studied. we designed a new

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The Real Cause for the U.S. Subprime, Financial, Economic Crises in 2007-2009

There is general agreement among academics, economists, and policymakers about the U.S. housing market bust having caused the U.S. subprime, financial, economic crises in 2007-2009. However, consensus on what caused the U.S. housing market to burst was not obvious. Now academics, economists, and policymakers have started debating on the impacts of the Global Green New

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Ecological Study of Selected lentic Water Bodies of Ahmadabad, Gujarat India

In ecology the environment of lakes is referred to as lacustrine. The lakes are quiet large bodies of fresh water usually deep enough that their beds lay much beyond the photosynthetic zone. Fluctuations in the lake level are because of climatic conditions and human water requirements. Lentic limnology refers specifically to still waters. For the

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Social Green as a Strategy to Design Sustainable City in Developing Countries a Case Study of Surabaya

Designing city with minimum ecological foot print is necessary. However, most cities in developing countries have lack ability to design it. Lack of budget, lack of technology, urbanization, rapid population and economic competitive pressure has created slum and waste (Zarsky & Tay, 2000). Article argues that environment policy should meet five criteria. It should have

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Assessment of Productive and Environmental Efficiencies of Japanese Industries

The global warming and climate change becomes a major policy issue in the world. To partly deal with the climate change issue from economics and business strategy, this study proposes a use of Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) as a methodology for productive and environmental efficiency assessment. The proposed DEA approach has been long serving as

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DG Types Effect on the Optimal Location for Voltage Sag Mitigation

Voltage sag is considered to be the most serious hazard of power quality and can produce a harmful effect in electrical power system stability. Distributed Generation which used in this paper is playing an important role in power system to improve the grid performance. Grid performance and avoiding degradation the power system networks depend probably

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Applications of Sequential Power Flow Analysis for High and Low Voltage Distribution Systems to Energy Loss Evaluation for Dwelling Units or Buildings

In this paper, a sequential power flow calculation method for high- and low-voltage distribution systems is proposed. The proposed method is employed to assess the energy losses for a single-phase, 3-wire, 2´110V branch circuits of a typical dwelling unit. The daily, weekly, monthly and annual energy losses of a dwelling unit are obtained by a

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The Sustainability of Cultural Heritage for Community-Based Activity under Flood Disaster: A Case Study of Ayutthaya,Thailand

Ayutthaya Historical City was registered as a world heritage site by United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in 1991, was valued as one of the world heritage sites in Thailand. The main threat affecting on the existence of Ayutthaya heritage sites is at risk from natural disaster through a devaluation of the cultural

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Assessment of the Analgesic Activity of Musa Paradisiaca Linn Peels of the Family Musaceae

Pain is the body’s alarm system and is triggered in the nervous system. It signals when something in the biosystem is going wrong. It has varied characteristics dependent on the individual and the circumstances. The Musa paradisiaca (L.) family Musaceae, commonly known as banana in English, is a perennial tree like herb grown indigenously in

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Parametric Study of Earth-to-Air Heat Exchanger in Malaysian Climate

The technology, where the ground used as a heat sink to produce cooler air, has been an area of interest in Malaysia even before its National Green Technology Policy launched in 2009. Many researchers have studied the Earth-to-Air Heat Exchanger (EAHE) from different points of view, some focused on developing mathematical models to predict the

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Surveying Historic Buildings: Valuing Sustainability in Historic Large Hall Structures including Places of Worship in the UK

Historic buildings make a positive contribution to all aspects of sustainable development. They are more than an environmental and cultural asset; they are an important driver for economic development and delivering social objectives. This paper looks at the factors that need to be considered in order to assess the sustainable performance of listed buildings. It

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Investigating Farm Land Ownership: Farm Land Owner’s Response to Regional Growth and Sustainable Agriculture in Indonesia

In Indonesia, farmland is necessary to meet increasing food demand caused by continuing population growth (WFP, 2009). Import restriction of rice (Kemendag, 2008) and progressive farmland conversion (BPS, 2003) have made the achievement of self sufficient rice so challenging. To secure rice production, farmland as main production capital must be preserved. In addition, sustainable agriculture

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At the Grassroots Level of Diplomacy:A Research on the Perception of Indonesian Migrant Workers on Indonesian Diplomatic Corps

This research addressed the perception of Indonesian migrant workers on Indonesian diplomatic corps. This study also investigates the correlation between the proximity of the workers with the diplomatic corps and the impact on their perception on Indonesian diplomatic corps. These are important issues because Indonesian migrant workers have been a challenge for Indonesian diplomacy lately.

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Estimation of Nitrogen Dioxide Concentrations in the Inner Bangkok by Land Use Regression Model

The Pollution Control Department (PCD) has long been responsible for an hourly measurement of Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2) concentrations at its twelve stations located within the 430 square kilometer area of Inner Bangkok. In the past, to estimate NO2 concentrations at any unmeasured location, the proximity model, interpolation model, or dispersion model were employed. These models

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Maintaining Water Depth in Colonial Navigation Canals Versus Inland Freshwater Wetland System Loss- The Case of Canoly Canal and Kottuly Wetlands, Calicut, Kerala, India

In addition to irrigation canals, the Colonial rule gave rise to inland navigation canals in India. The Buckingham Canal in the Coromandel Coast and the Canoly canal in the west coast are two such canals in South India constructed during 1800s. Both the canals rely upon inland freshwater systems for sustaining water levels. The Canoly

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A Simplified Mathematical Model to Predict the Thermal Physiological Responses of a Sleeping Person in Steady-State and Uniform Conditions

This paper reports on the simplified mathematical model to predict the thermal physiological responses of a sleeping person in steady-state and uniform conditions. By modifying Gagge’s two-node model and coupled with a mathematical model of predicting the total insulation value of a bedding system, a mathematical model for predict the thermal physiological responses of a

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How Does the Energy Industry Deal with Climate Change? Perception and Actions of the Energy Industry on Climate Change

The extent and pace of climate change is already beyond our expectation. It impacts are now experienced in every country. There is no time to lose; not only to mitigate green gas emission for slowing down the current pace of change, but also to learn how to live with expected impacts, which were induced by

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Selecting Bio-indicator Fish for Monitoring Organochlorine Pesticide Contamination in Rivers

The aim of this study was to select the appropriate bio-indicator to monitor organochlorine contamination in the river and understand its effecting factors. Two species of fish; Spot barb (Puntius bimaculatus) and Naked catfish (Bagaridge) were selected as the representatives of herbivore fish and omnivore fish, respectively, because they were found across the country and

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Evaluation of Cadmium Concentrations in the Surface Sediments of Salt River Estuary, Taiwan

Major objectives of this study are to evaluation the pollution and potential ecological risk of cadmium (Cd) in the sediments of Salt River estuary, Taiwan. Nine monitoring stations were installed near the estuary of Salt River to collect sediment samples for analyzing Cd. Results of laboratory analyses show that contents of Cd in the sediments

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Study of WEEE Collecting and Recycling Network in China

A large amount of WEEE (Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment ) is generated in China every year. However, the recycling and treatment of WEEE in China just begins and there are many problems in the current situations. There are two recycling and treatment networks, one is formal and the other is informal. We examine the

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Emerging Issue in a Proper Recycling Technology for Printed Circuit Board Waste: A Pyrolysis Based Recycling Approach

At the present, treatment processes for non metallic fraction (NMF) from Printed Circuit Board (PCB) waste after mechanical recovery process of the precious metallic material are combustion, landfill or reuse as filler material. These cause secondary pollution and loss of natural resources. The most important aspect is the fact that (NMF) can be recovered as

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Future Prospects of Residential Solar Water Heating System in Oman

The excessive usage of fossil fuels worldwide is causing environmental problems. One solution to these problems is the exploitation of available renewable energy resources, including solar energy. This exploitation of renewable energy resources becomes essential to meet the large energy demand that resulted in depletion of fossil fuel resources, fuel price uncertainty and volatility, and

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Sustainability through Subsistence: The Case for De-urbanization in Malaysia

Industrialization was the catalyst for growth of cities in Southeast Asia, in particular Malaysia. However, industrialization in many cities has peaked and is now declining. This raises the issue of increased in urban poverty to be a significant problem facing the cities in the 21st century. Evidence from other developing countries is that, faced with

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The Impact of Energy Transition on the O&G Supply Chain: A Content Analysis of Corporate Sustainability Reports

Concerns over environmental impact of oil and gas (O&G) and its future availability have resulted in increased call for transition to low carbon energy. Although various studies have been conducted on energy transition, few researchers studied the impact of the transition to O&G supply chain. Since O&G is one of the primary sources of energy,

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Heavy Metal Contamination of Marine Fish from Reclaimed Water in Arid Environment

Arid regions with low rainfall are under continuous threat and pressure to maintain its stability and to meet public demands, specifically issues related to fresh water. Due to the lack of rainfall and continuous population growth, many countries in the arid regions depend mainly on desalination of seawater and brackish water. Most countries in those

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A Study of Feasibility of Pretreatment Process to Utilize Lignocellulosic Biomass as Materials for Biodiesel Production

Biomass is the most abundant renewable resource in the world and has a potential use as an alternative to fossil resource for production of chemicals and fuels. One’s of key challenges is the development of new processes for the utilization of biomass. For the effective conversion from biomass to biofuels or other chemicals, it requires

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Border Adjustments under Unilateral Carbon Pricing: The Case of Australian Carbon Tax

In the absence of a global agreement to reduce emissions, Australia has adopted a carbon tax unilaterally to curb its own emissions. During the debate prior to passing the carbon tax legislation, there were concerns about the challenge that Australia’s emissions intensive and trade exposed (EITE) industries may face in terms of decreasing international competitiveness