Power scarcity due to the depletion of fossil fuels could cause frequent power interruptions and lead to a disruption of the nation’s social structure. The most vulnerable group is the low-income people in the rural areas, who have limited access to generate their own power supplies. Due to this situation, it is necessary to introduce sustainable strategies for the low-income groups in Malaysia, by deploying a distributed generation of electricity using solar PVs for rural housing that can help sustain the electricity for the future and at the same time, generate income for the people. This paper proposed several strategies that aim to utilize solar energy as the main energy resources for generating electricity and places rural people as the main stakeholder to deploy the strategic model. The lesson learnt from many countries proved that, with suitable policies, solar energy can provide benefits for people in rural areas in Malaysia. Strategies such as community-based approach and innovative financing scheme will be introduced and discussed. This model is also ideal to be one of the key components in developing a suitable energy policy that can helps to sustain the energy development of rural community in the future.
Nur Azfahani Ahmad, The University of Auckland, New Zealand
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