Ayutthaya Historical City was registered as a world heritage site by United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in 1991, was valued as one of the world heritage sites in Thailand. The main threat affecting on the existence of Ayutthaya heritage sites is at risk from natural disaster through a devaluation of the cultural heritage sites. The historical sites value and cultural relativity between local people, local government, private sector and academic has been decreasing. The civil society has importancy for flood prevention. That need is because of the physical, social and environmental that the historical city was devalued its attractiveness for the conservation of historical monument sites. The study focuses on actual participation by community-base. Furthermore, the study adapts AHP technique for indicating participation factors influencing on individuals perception and awareness in cultural and historical heritage sites by conducting questionnaire.The research found that civil society and the history of disaster procedures for disaster mitigation arising from the participation of the local people with various sectors in the flood protection. The participation in the activities of the various sectors in the community and the factors that contribute most physical factors and the cultural heritage that remainder in community consecutively; abandoned temple/deserted pagoda, religious buildings, historical park, canal/ walls/ gates and religious landscape.
Wittaya Daungthima, Saga University, Japan
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