Concerns over environmental impact of oil and gas (O&G) and its future availability have resulted in increased call for transition to low carbon energy. Although various studies have been conducted on energy transition, few researchers studied the impact of the transition to O&G supply chain. Since O&G is one of the primary sources of energy, it is important to examine how the transition is impacting its operations. The issue here is not only about the sustainability of its supply chain, but also how O&G industry can remain resilient against changes in its environment and its compatibility to sustainable future. Therefore, a content analysis of sustainability reports of 30 O&G companies was conducted to identify the impact of the energy transition on O&G supply chains and how the issue is addressed by the companies. The analysis revealed that there are two types of transition currently happening in the industry - transition to (1) unconventional O&G and (2) alternative energy. While the industry is supportive to the development of alternative energy, 60% of the companies are involved in research and development of green technologies, it is also apparent that their main focus is on development of unconventional O&G. In addition, increased efforts are being concentrated on improving efficiency of operations and products, which could help in addressing sustainability issues especially in terms of carbon emission reduction. Overall, it was found that the O&G companies seek for opportunities in alternative energy development that create synergies with their current business and areas of operations.
Wan Nurul Karimah Wan Ahmad, Delft University of Technology, Netherlands
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