Social Green as a Strategy to Design Sustainable City in Developing Countries a Case Study of Surabaya

Abstract

Designing city with minimum ecological foot print is necessary. However, most cities in developing countries have lack ability to design it. Lack of budget, lack of technology, urbanization, rapid population and economic competitive pressure has created slum and waste (Zarsky & Tay, 2000). Article argues that environment policy should meet five criteria. It should have cheap and easy technology implementation, local government regulations that resemble international environment commitment, budget sustainability, law enforcement and community involvement. Moreover, the initiative should be bottom up; decentralization and community based. Each city has unique problem and solution, so it should be not centralized. Local government has authority to design the program. Community based means that local government should encourage community to design the program. All program and design should be from community since the main problems are on budget sustainability and changing habit. Clapp and Dauvergne (2005) call it social green. In order to support the argument, article takes Surabaya as an example. Surabaya is a pilot project for solid waste management in Indonesia. Solid waste management in Surabaya is initiated by private companies and local communities. The program has not only succeeded reducing municipal waste, but also generates income for households as they turn waste into organic fertilizer. Furthermore, it creates city farming. People start to cultivate veggies and fruits and using their homemade fertilizer.



Author Information
Citra Hennida, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia

Paper Information
Conference: ACSEE2013
Stream: Sustainability

This paper is part of the ACSEE2013 Conference Proceedings (View)
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Posted by amp21