Category: Politics, Public Policy, Law & Criminology


Assessing the Impact of Empowerment Policies on the South African Urban Legal Cannabis Market

Following an international wave of legalizing cannabis for medical, recreational and economic reasons, South African national government have been encouraging entrepreneurs to participate in related cannabis technology and innovation. The gap is in the urban customer perceptions towards the legal cannabis industry to assist in aligning existing policies with the government’s cannabis industry goals. The


Support Required of Healthcare Professionals to Prevent Filicide and Abandonment After Isolated Childbirth – Consideration of Intentions and Actions That Contradict the Intent to Commit a Crime

This study reviews data from the trials on filicide and abandonment after isolated delivery intentions and on actions contrary to the intention to commit a crime in order to understand the situation of mothers. The study aimed to consider the support required of healthcare professionals from intentions and actions that contradict with the intent to


The Constructed Meaning of Thai Laborer by the State

Most studies on labor control in Thailand primarily focus on the state’s oppressive and suppressive actions against the labor movement. These studies examine how the state utilizes violence and direct power to render laborers powerless in bargaining. However, a significant and often overlooked question seeks to explain why laborers are considered to have a low


The Development and Challenges of the Old Age Allowance Program in Thailand After the Policy Reformation in 2009

The phenomenon of an aging society is being observed worldwide, and according to the World Bank, Thailand is expected to transition from an aged society to a super-aged society, with older individuals comprising 20 percent of the total population by 2035. Understanding aging policies is crucial for effectively addressing the future challenges posed by an


ASEAN – Canada Strategic Partnership: Progress, Element of National Interest, Prospects and the Role of Viet Nam

ASEAN is a prestigious regional organization and an important partner of many countries around the world. While global multilateral institutions have constantly been facing difficulties and challenges, ASEAN has succeeded in maintaining its stable operations and its’ central role in the regional cooperative structure. A variety of its’ partners has expressed the desire to deepen


Why the Leviathan Is a Mortal God: From Nominalism to Mortalism

This paper attempts to answer the question of why Leviathan is a mortal god in Leviathan, despite the fact that when sovereignty was established, it was intended to be immortal, but because of the many inconsistencies in sovereignty itself, the seeds of natural death were planted. But the reason for this, firstly, is that sovereignty


Of Social Imaginary and Violence: How Did Indonesia Diminish Its Extremist Threat?

In the early 2000s, Indonesia witnessed a proliferation of militant terror activity in the wake of Suharto’s downfall. Whilst not wanting to downplay the risk posed or the appalling loss wrought by multiple attacks, the worst of the threat predictions largely failed to materialize, at least strategically. It is a situation that raises interesting questions


Criminal Trials of Parents Claiming “Sibling Abuse” How Do Midwives Address Such Cases?

This study aimed to investigate criminal cases in which parents have claimed injury to an abused child was inflicted by a sibling. A search was conducted on a legal database using the search terms “child abuse” and “criminal trial.” We identified two cases in which parents claimed injury to the abused child was inflicted by


The Nautical Significance of India-Japan Relationship

With the Indo-Pacific region gaining traction in the geopolitical dimension of the current global political theatre, India and Japan with their geostrategic locations stand at key positions to play necessary roles in ensuring a free, open and secure seas in terms of both trade and security in the region. Sharing similar views with regard to


Diversified Career Path of Legislators in New Democracies: South Korea’s Case

This study asks how the legislators’ occupational backgrounds have been changed in post-democratization South Korea. While previous studies on legislators’ career paths have been argued from the perspective of gender, ethnicity, and institutionalization of candidate selection in intra-party level, pre-legislative occupations have not been sufficiently reviewed. To fill the brank, this paper reviews how the


Marriage Equality: Social Movement for Same-Sex Marriage in Thailand

This research attempts to answer how Anjaree and other social movement groups can mobilize resource in pushing the law and how much the social sector can influence the drafting process. The research uses qualitative research methods which has Anjaree, NGO group working on gender rights, as a field of study. The researcher conducts literature review


Dilemmas on Lithuanian Energy Issues: From the Aspect of Nuclear Energy

This paper discusses post-Soviet Lithuanian nuclear energy issues from the viewpoint of political dilemma. The author examines post-Soviet Lithuanian energy policies and relevant movements primarily on Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) and Visaginas NPP. Although Lithuania once had a NPP—Ignalina NPP—in the east of the nation, it ceased to work in the 2000s. First, when


What does the Policy Formulation Process of East Lantau Metropolis and Lantau Tomorrow Vision Policy Imply Hong Kong Policy Style

East Lantau Metropolis, a Hong Kong reclamation plan of 1,000 ha in the Central Waters, appeared to have reached consensus in a territory-wide consultation. However, the Government did not move forward to policy execution, but introduced a more aggressive and enhanced 1,7000 reclamation proposal of Lantau Tomorrow Vision. Such a move received even more grievances


Bureaucrats and Politicians in Power-Dependence of Domestic Politics and Interdependence, Linkage of Diplomacy: From Bureaucratic Leadership to Official Residence Leadership

This paper investigates Bureaucrats and Politicians in Power-Dependence of Domestic Politics and Interdependence, Linkage of Diplomacy: From Bureaucratic Leadership to Official Residence Leadership. This paper consists of two parts. First, this paper investigates the common factors between Power-Dependence of domestic politics and Interdependence in international relations. The power-dependence means political dependence in the political networks


Cambodian New Generations: From Family Dependents to State Influencers

Against the backdrop of recent social, economic and political developments, traditional interactions between youth, adults and the State have been transformed in a manner that enables youth to engage in politics in new ways. This paper analyses what has made the interaction between youth and the state change, how this change impacts on politics and


The Political Institution of the Democrat Party: Thailand’s Oldest Political Party, After the Coup, 22 May 2014

The purposes of this study were as follows: the status adaptation and political institution of the Democrat Party to examine this party as a political institution by Samuel P. Huntington theory after the coup in Thailand, on May 22, 2014. The study was a qualitative research by the instruments used were documentary research and in-depth


Emma’s Journey: A Case Study on the Death Penalty and Some Inequalities in the Criminal Justice System

The murder on January 1, 1979 of a prominent white business man in the small southern American community of Lincolnton, GA led to the arrest, trial and death row sentence of a young African-American woman named Emma Cunningham. After an appeal and plea bargain, her sentence was commuted to life with parole. Altogether, she spent


Reframing the Conflict ‘of Interest’: The Public/Private Interface

The dominant understanding of the ‘conflict of interest’, grounded in a quintessentially Western conceptualization of public and private , has been applied across contexts as part and parcel of the ‘good governance project’ in pursuit of a “better world” . The case of Slovakia illuminates the predicaments of seeking to organize the social reality of


When Judicial Review Becomes a Fading Shadow of Constitutional Democracy: Toward a Comparative Understanding of Judicial Review in Cameroon and Post-Apartheid South Africa

This paper relates to the ineffectiveness of the judicial review mechanism in Cameroon. The Constitutional Council is an organ charged with testing powers of the constitutionality of laws created by the 1996 Constitution. This mechanism is juxtaposed with the same mechanism in post-apartheid South Africa with the intention of demonstrating that while the Constitutional Court