The Development and Challenges of the Old Age Allowance Program in Thailand After the Policy Reformation in 2009


The phenomenon of an aging society is being observed worldwide, and according to the World Bank, Thailand is expected to transition from an aged society to a super-aged society, with older individuals comprising 20 percent of the total population by 2035. Understanding aging policies is crucial for effectively addressing the future challenges posed by an aging society in Thailand. The implications of an aging society extend to various aspects, such as the labor force, economic development, and education planning. In 2009, the Thai government successfully expanded the social pension system for older individuals who were not eligible for other pension schemes, such as the Civil Servant Pension, by implementing a non-contributory pension program. This study aims to provide an overview of the social pension system and analyze the problems and challenges that have emerged after the policy transformation in 2009. The study adopts a qualitative approach, utilizing document analysis as the primary method. Before 2009, the Old Age Allowance program only provided benefits to older individuals classified as poor. However, after the reform in 2009, the program extended its coverage to over 5,652,893 older persons, encompassing 80 percent of the older population in Thailand. In conclusion, the social pension program underwent significant reforms and redesign in 2009 and beyond. Nevertheless, numerous challenges and problems have arisen within government organizations and among the program beneficiaries.

Author Information
Khemarin Pensaengon, Silpakorn University, Thailand

Paper Information
Conference: ACSS2023
Stream: Politics

This paper is part of the ACSS2023 Conference Proceedings (View)
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To cite this article:
Pensaengon K. (2023) The Development and Challenges of the Old Age Allowance Program in Thailand After the Policy Reformation in 2009 ISSN: 2186-2303 – The Asian Conference on the Social Sciences 2023: Official Conference Proceedings
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