The purposes of this study were as follows: the status adaptation and political institution of the Democrat Party to examine this party as a political institution by Samuel P. Huntington theory after the coup in Thailand, on May 22, 2014. The study was a qualitative research by the instruments used were documentary research and in-depth interviews. The study uses data collection from primary documents and leader interviews with three keymen of the party as well as Mr Abhisit Vejjajiva, the current leader of the Democrat Party; as leader of the second largest party, he was appointed the Prime Minister of Thailand on 17 December 2008. Major research findings indicated the party has a high level of political institutionalization the results of these Huntington’s analyses showed that 1. The Democrat Party has been the second largest party in Thailand since the 21st century. It is still very popular with many Thai. 2. The Democrat party shows a high level of adaptability. Through some creative politics, it was able to ensure its existence during and after the coup. 3. As of 2019, it was Thailand’s oldest political party, having existed for 73 years. 4. The Democrat party has good organizational structure. 5. The Democrat party is autonomous and has a high level of dedication of party members. Based on the major findings, further research for the political platform and the general success of the Democrat Party was needed.
Sarttarin Tansoon, Kasetsart University, Thailand
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