Diversified Career Path of Legislators in New Democracies: South Korea’s Case


This study asks how the legislators’ occupational backgrounds have been changed in post-democratization South Korea. While previous studies on legislators’ career paths have been argued from the perspective of gender, ethnicity, and institutionalization of candidate selection in intra-party level, pre-legislative occupations have not been sufficiently reviewed. To fill the brank, this paper reviews how the occupational backgrounds of the members of the National Assembly of the Republic of Korea elected in Busan City, the second largest city of South Korea, have been changed during post-democratized three decades. According to the author’s literature review, local elites such as former mayors and municipal council members have emerged as a new type of legislators in post-democratization era while state and social elites such as bureaucrats and social activists have been remained as major resources for legislative candidates. This suggest that legislators’ pre-legislative career paths have been diversified in post-democratization South Korea.

Author Information
Akio Nawakura, Meiji University, Japan

Paper Information
Conference: ACSS2022
Stream: Politics

This paper is part of the ACSS2022 Conference Proceedings (View)
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To cite this article:
Nawakura A. (2022) Diversified Career Path of Legislators in New Democracies: South Korea’s Case ISSN: 2186-2303 – The Asian Conference on the Social Sciences 2022: Official Conference Proceedings https://doi.org/10.22492/issn.2186-2303.2022.3
To link to this article: https://doi.org/10.22492/issn.2186-2303.2022.3

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Posted by James Alexander Gordon