Marriage Equality: Social Movement for Same-Sex Marriage in Thailand


This research attempts to answer how Anjaree and other social movement groups can mobilize resource in pushing the law and how much the social sector can influence the drafting process. The research uses qualitative research methods which has Anjaree, NGO group working on gender rights, as a field of study. The researcher conducts literature review as well as in-depth interviews with key informants that include Anjaree group’s leader and members, along with other NGO groups—namely, Bangkok Rainbow; Thai Transgender Alliance—TGA and; Foundation for Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity—For-SOGI). It uses gender theory, feminist theory and social movement theory, including resource mobilization and new social movement theories. Its literature review also covers empirical data; academic papers; newspapers and; online and printed documents. The findings of the research portray that the proposed Civil Partnership Law is, firstly, the marriage between 2 same-sex persons. Secondly, while all details would be similar to the content of Civil and Commercial Codes relevant to conventional marriage—such as engagement and dowry rules, the law does not provide details about having children—does not include surrogate legalization, adoption or artificial insemination. Hence, the LGBTQ community does not wholeheartedly accept the draft. The research concludes that the roles of Anjaree is to conduct various activities that would facilitate the push of this law. Though it is doubtful if the activities would make difference in the parliament but surely those help create more appearance and understanding over LGBTQ issues in the country.

Author Information
Surada Chundasutathanakul, Suan Dusit University, Thailand

Paper Information
Conference: ACSS2022
Stream: Politics

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Posted by amp21