Prevalence and Risk Factors of Possible Sarcopenia in Patients with Subacute Stroke

Abstract

Possible sarcopenia, the loss of handgrip strength in the elderly population, can lead to poor functional prognosis after stroke. In this mixed prospective and retrospective cohort study, we aimed to elucidate the clinical risk factors for possible sarcopenia at discharge in 152 patients with subacute stroke. Univariable and multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to determine the risk factors associated with possible sarcopenia. At the time of discharge, the prevalence of possible sarcopenia was 68.4%. After adjusting for all potential covariates, older age (odds ratio [OR], 1.1; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.01–1.21; p = 0.04), tube-dependent feeding (OR, 6.66; 95% CI, 1.11–39.84; p=0.04), and high National Institute of Health Stroke Scale scores (OR, 1.2; 95% CI, 1.01–1.44; p=0.04) were associated with a higher likelihood of possible sarcopenia at discharge. Higher nonhemiplegic calf circumference (OR, 0.8; 95% CI, 0.67–0.96; p=0.004) was associated with a lower likelihood of possible sarcopenia. We conclude that tube feeding, high stroke severity, decreased nonhemiplegic calf circumference, and older age are independent risk factors for possible sarcopenia in patients with subacute stroke.



Author Information
Young-Ah Choi, The Catholic University of Korea, South Korea
Yeo Hyung Kim, The Catholic University of Korea, South Korea

Paper Information
Conference: AGen2024
Stream: Aging and Gerontology

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Posted by James Alexander Gordon