Background: Interactive cognitive-motor training can effectively improve gait, balance performance and reduce their risk of falling of older adults. However, few study explored the effectiveness group-based interactive cognitive-motor training (G-ICMT) on cognitive function in institutionalized older adults. Objective: To examined the effects of G-ICMT on the cognitive function in institutionalized older adults. Methods: An open-label randomized controlled trial was conducted with institutionalized older adults. Forty-five institutionalized older adults were randomly assigned to the experimental (G-ICMT) or waiting-list control group. The experimental group received 60 min of training each week, one times a week for 12 weeks. The primary outcome was cognitive function, measured by MMSE and MoCA. The generalized estimating equation was used to examine differences in 4 weeks, 8 weeks and 12 weeks (immediate posttest).
Results: The results indicated that G-ICMT group significantly improved cognitive function measured by MoCA at 12 weeks’ post-test (p = 0.01) relative to the waiting-list control group. Conclusions: The research results validated that the 12 weeks of the G-ICMT significantly improved cognitive function for institutionalized older adults. Future studies are recommended to include a broader range of participants with different levels of cognitive function.
Huei-Ling Chiu, Taipei Medical University, Taiwan