Typical retirement age in Korea is 51 for men and 48 for women, but this age is still too young for receiving public pensions. Since public pension is insufficient to earn a living, continuing work after retirement is considered "essential" for middle-aged and elderly people, not a "choice." Their employment rate has steadily increased since 2015 and the response "to earn money" ranked as the highest reason for working even after retirement. However, since precarious work was separated according to age and gender, the elderly and women were classified as higher-risk for precarious work in several studies. The purpose of this study is to categorize precarious work experienced by middle-aged and elderly men and women respectively in the labor market and to examine the heterogeneous changes in the gender division of precarious work. Data are employed from the 1st(2006) wave to the 7th(2018) wave of the Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing(KLoSA) and the group-based trajectory analysis is conducted. As a result of the analysis, five trajectories are derived respectively for men and women. Men are continuously exposed to the danger of precarious work or show a deepening pattern toward danger. On the other hand, women continued to work with higher uncertainty than men, but 9.1% of them were out of the risk of precarious work. The results of this study suggest that customized policies need to be implemented to resolve the risk of gender division of precarious work in the labor market.
Ye Ji Jeon, Sungkyunkwan University, South Korea
Bo Young Lee, Sungkyunkwan University, South Korea