Fall Risk for Older People – Community Setting (FROP-Com) was developed in Australia. It has the ability to predict falls in older people through 13 risk factors being rated on a graded 0-3 scale. We needed a qualified Thai-version FROP-Com questionnaire to assess multifactorial risks of falls in our community-dwelling elderly and this could lead to the guidelines to manage and put the proper inventions to all of them to prevent from falling.
This study aimed to translate and culturally adapt FROP-Com for the Thai older people as well as and to evaluate the internal consistency and reliability of this instrument. This study was using standard guidelines for the cross-cultural adaptation process, which consisted of (1) Initial forward translation, (2) Synthesis of the translation, (3) Backward translation, and (4) Back translation approval. The internal consistency was assessed with Cronbach’s alpha coefficient. To evaluate inter-rater reliability by the intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) 95% confidence intervals was used in this study.
140 Thai community-dwelling participants aged 60 years and older who met criteria completed the study. The Thai FROP-Com had the internal consistency of = 0.96. While intra-rater reliability were considered with ICC (3, 1) = 0.92, Kappa coefficient was 0.89. Regarding the inter-rater reliability were considered with ICC (2, 1) = 0.91, its Kappa coefficient was of 0.86. The FROP-Com for the Thai older population demonstrated excellent reliability and internal consistency for assessing the risk factors among Thai older people.
Thanyaporn Aranyavalai, Navamindradhiraj University, Thailand
Yupadee Fusakul, Navamindradhiraj University, Thailand
Chanatip Ponpichit, Navamindradhiraj University, Thailand
Krisana Kiatchokewiwat, Navamindradhiraj University, Thailand