Month: July 2018


Mandarin Language Classroom Anxiety: Basis for a Proposed Teacher Manual

This study investigated the Mandarin language classroom anxiety of the Grade 8 to 10 students from two schools in Pampanga – Don Jesus Gonzales High School, Pandacaqui, Mexico and Mabalacat National High School, Dau, Mabalacat – with 253 language learners as the respondents of the study. The Chinese Language Learning Anxiety Scale of Lou (2014)


Farmer’s Perceptions about Climate Change in the Upper East Region of Ghana

This paper assesses smallholder rice farmer’s perceptions about climate change in the Upper East Region of Ghana. We used a pretested questionnaire to understand farmer’s experiences about climate hazards from fifteen communities in the eastern corridor of the region. We also used cross-tabulation and Chi-square in exploring the relationships between respondents’ socio-demographic characteristics and perceptions


Improved Hybrid Biological Reactor Design Under Mixed-Growth Conditions

Wastewater treatment and disposal is a pillar for safeguarding public health and sustaining socioeconomic development. The cost and design efficiency of various wastewater treatment technologies are key factors in the economic value of treated wastewater. However, biological treatment processes are among the most valuable among a vast array of treatment technologies.Biological reactors conventional design procedures


Theoretical BIM Framework to sustain the 20th Century Educational Heritage in Bangkok: PNRU Buildings

The implementation of BIM (Building Information Modelling) to conserve local educational heritages in Bangkok cannot be extensively reached to the dimension of facility management and the application for sustainable educational society. In particular, the scope of BIM management cannot integrates between the existing AEC (Architecture, Engineering and Construction) documentation and sociocultural analysis to be adaptive


Evaluation of Social Sustainability in Building Projects: Theoretical Framework and Impact Assessment Approach

In the last decades, various sustainability assessment tools have been developed to facilitate shift towards sustainability in building industry. However, existing tools mainly focus on environmental and economic issues while give limited consideration on social aspects. This study fills this gap through developing a methodological framework for social sustainability assessment of building projects. Social life


Analysis on Patent Intelligence of Solar Energy Technology in China in the Aspect of Global Competition

Faced with the increasingly fierce international competition, climate change and other global challenges, it is more important for Chinese government to take the analysis on patent intelligence of solar energy technology one step further. Based on Innography patent information retrieval platform, this paper analyzed the development trend of global solar energy patent and hot and


Recycle of Semarang City Liquid Waste with “Reuse” Consortium of Mangrove Probiotic Bacteria Treatment

Statement of the Problem: Reuse bioactivator liquid composter had been produced for liquid waste treatment consist of four probiotic bacteria function as pathogenic antibacteria-agent. Whereas the use of four consortium probiotic bacteria will have a better pathogenic antibacterial activity than only one type. The purpose of the research is to process liquid waste and produce


Energy and Development Discourse in Cambodia: Gaps Between Energy Infrastructure for Industrial Development and Energy Needs of People

As the Royal Government of Cambodia attempts to lead the country from least developed to a middle income status country as classified by the United Nations, the relationship between energy and development policies and energy provision becomes a priority. Key energy and related development policy documents were collected and subjected to discourse analysis. The analysis


Research on Photovoltaic Power Generations Installed in Veranda of Apartment Houses

Preserving the developments of economy, science and technology with conquering the problems against environmental conservation is an important assignment for humanity of the world. The usage of the renewable energies is expected to be able to mitigate such problem. The renewable energy including photovoltaic power generations have been accepted and spread widely. Various innovative power


Investigating State of Sustainable Building Design Parameters

Sustainability is understood to be the solution to environmental challenges. Sustainable architecture involves an environmentally friendly design, which has a minimum negative effect on the natural environment. Due to the basic environmental pollution caused by energy generation, improving the environmental performance must involve all sustainable building elements throughout design and energy efficiency. The aim of


Cultural Sustainability of India: A Survival Story

This paper explores the Cultural Sustainability of India by protecting, preserving and conserving the transparent, ethical and responsible model of ancient India with reference to Vedic literature, Upanishad and Kautilya’s Arthashastra. Stories of sustainability and survival deal with land, justice, foreign policy, war and environment through ages. The Constitution of India upholds the cultural identity


Influence of Intake Air Temperature on Performance of Small Gasoline Engine

This research study was to investigate the influence of intake air temperature on the performance of a multi-propose small gasoline engine. The single-cylinder 208 cm^3 four-strokes gasoline engine was tested at speed 1,500-4,000 RPM. The engine intake air conditions were prepared in case of 1) warm air that was like the air around the engine


Desirable Specification of Vetiver Grass Roofing Making Machine

This research objective was to utilizes the grass waste by using it via the grass roofing material. The appropriate mechanism and powertrain of the machine for the reducing of handwork process and time in grass roofing material manufacture were studied. The SolidWorks 2016 Software was used to design and determine the limitation of mechanisms by


Recent Developments in Russia-Japan Energy Relations

The Russian government has recently elevated the ‘Asia dimension’ in its national energy strategy, viewing the Asia-Pacific as the most attractive market due to the fastest-growing energy demand, stable energy prices, and various business opportunities for Russian energy suppliers. Furthermore, Russia’s authorities realize the critical importance of attracting international financial and technological assistance for the


Kala Cotton: A Sustainable Alternative

Further to the Brundtland Report, Our Common Future (1987) this paper extends the model of sustainable practices of ‘interconnecting people, processes and environment’ (Hethorn and Ulasewicz 2008) to cotton-growing farmer community and users of cotton among organizations Indian designers. Presently, 96% of India’s cotton cultivation is under Bt (Bacillus thuringiensis) cotton crops, the first genetically


The Diversity to Reflect Domestic Interests on International Trade Policy: Comparison of FTA Politics in Korea and Japan

This study asks why both Korea and Japan have protected their domestic agriculture while concluding a series of free trade agreements (FTAs) in spite of their different political structure.Since the 2000s, both Korea and Japan have concluded large number of FTAs with major economies holding less-competitive agriculture at home. Facing the resistance by farmers, both


Documented Migration From Mexico to the U.S.: Visa Programs and its New Challenges

This presentation discusses the ubiquitous participation of Mexicans in ‘legal’ channels of migration to the U.S. Although in recent years most of the academic attention has been put on the phenomenon of irregular migration, which politicization and numerical magnitude have been overwhelming, little research has noted the presence of Mexicans who cross the border by


Assessing Quality of Life and Menopausal Symptoms among Lothas of Nagaland, India

The study aims at assessing the quality of life and menopausal symptoms in rural population of Wozhuro range, Nagaland. In the studied population a sample size of 202 adult females were selected with age ranging from 35-60 years and were divided into two groups based on the menopausal status. An exclusion criterion was selected where


Bangkok Street Food Variety and Its Relationship in Spatial Aspect

In Bangkok, the capital and the largest city of Thailand, street food business provides local with cheap and convenient access to a variety of foods and a means of making a living. Even though, Thai foods are prepared daily in the most of every Thai households, yet, trading food has been a common economic activity


The Impact of Legislation Related to the Biodiversity of Mangroves Located in Thailand

The objectives of this research are to: 1) study the effects of existing laws on mangrove biodiversity in Thailand and 2) prepare suggestions on improving the relevant laws for relevant government agencies. The researcher used the qualitative research method and collected data by studying legislations regarding mangrove forests from different types of references including documents,


Multicultural Learning in Maritime Higher Education: The Case of World Maritime University

This paper explores how multicultural learning environment can affect the experiences of international students and help them to equip intercultural communication skills. The World Maritime University (WMU) is a postgraduate United Nations’ (UN) specialised university in Malmö, Sweden. Its main programme is a 14-month MSc in maritime affairs in which approximately 130 international mature students


Bridging the Global and Local Needs for Sustainable Maritime and Ocean Development Through Capacity Building Training

This paper discusses the application of innovation tools and techniques to a training course for maritime and ocean professionals who are expected to contribute to sustainable development of their countries. In 2015, the 17 sustainable development goals (SDGs) were adopted by the United Nations (UN) to facilitate collaborative partnerships in achieving the prioritised areas of


Moving Beyond the Mill: Application of Eclectic Approach to Improve Teaching English as a Second Language to Tertiary Level Learners

Teaching English as a second language has been among the few persistent failures in the Sri Lankan education system nearly for six decades. The dogmatic devotion to limited approaches, inadequacy at theoretical, creative practical expertise of teachers and learner isolation have been negatively affected the scenario, where tertiary level learners are at a dire stake,


The Stalemate of “Solutions” in the Palestinian-Israeli Conflict: Through the Perspective of Palestinian Intellectuals

In the peace talks on the Palestinian-Israeli conflict, the two-state solution has been assumed as a premise. However, the Oslo Accords have, de facto, failed, and the peace talks have not progressed since the 2000s. As such, some academics are now pointing out the impossibility of the two-state solution. Meanwhile, the one-state solution has attracted


Strategy for Increasing the Placement of Indonesia Migrant Workers (TKI) In the Formal Sector

The Government of Indonesia keeps trying to improve the protection of Indonesia Migrant Workers (TKI). One of the efforts undertaken is to reduce sending of migrant workers in the informal sector, whom more vulnerable and minimal protection and to increase the placement of migrant workers in the formal sector, whom more fully protection. The method


Confidence is a Plant of Slow Growth: The Relationship of Power Distance Orientation, Team Trust, Self-Esteem and Voice Behavior

This study explores how voice behavior in the nursing workplace relate to changes in team based self-esteem and trust. According to the social identity theory and Chinese cultural influences, power distance orientation may play an important role in this relationship. The examined model investigated the mediating role of team based self-esteem relations between voice behavior


Venit Vanit: A Thai Translation of the Merchant of Venice as a Force for Sustainable Peace and Social Justice

This paper is a study on Venit Vanit, a Thai translation of William Shakespeare’s The Merchant of Venice. It attempts to deconstruct a tendency among Thai critics and theatre practitioners to regard Venit Vanit as a story about the ‘greedy’ Jew and the ‘merciful’ Christians. This paper argues that this reading is part of a


Enriching the Voice of Non-Musical Students (Diploma in Theatre) Through the Use of the Suzuki Method

An educator is responsible in transmitting knowledge, technology and values to the community through the process of teaching and learning. Credit hours are accumulated based on the current curriculum while transformation take place during lectures. Teknik Nyanyian or rather Singing technique is one of the minor course available to the diplomas of the theatre course


Usability Problems and Design Solutions of Lego Duplo, Including Bricks and Instructions

LEGO Duplo is an excellent educational product especially for children between 1.5 and 5 years old. However, there are several usability problems which occur when a child is playing with it. Therefore, this study applies graphic design and augmented reality (AR) to solve these problems.Research Process is composed of five steps:1. Analyzing LEGO Duplo and


The Study on Water Quality in Saen Saeb Canal: A Case Study on the Project of SWU Jointly Conservation Saen

This study consists of four purposes: 1) to evaluate the water quality in Sean Saeb canal according to the five parameters (i.e. Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD), Dissolved Oxygen (DO), Positive Potential of the Hydrogen Ions (pH), Suspended Solids(SS) ; and Phosphate( PO4 3-), 2) to compare such water quality parameters with the water quality standards


Enhancing Media Literacy Through Content Analysis: A Comparison of Historic Speeches by Franklin D. Roosevelt and Implications for the Present

In the contemporary global era of false or misleading news spread rapidly by online social media, the need for enhanced media literacy and advanced critical thinking skills has become increasingly urgent. Responsible and accountable political leadership based on reliable and consistent facts and reporting is essential for the development of national and international policies which


Addressing Social Needs Through Remote Based Design Thinking

With ageing as the coming and increasing phenomenon in Japan, there is a need for innovative solutions for seniors to lead active lives in their residing communities. Little research has been conducted on the use of design thinking as a means to develop social innovations, especially with the designers not being present on-site from a


Parallel Importation and Intellectual Property Law in Thailand

Parallel importation normally occurs when the goods produced under the protection of intellectual property (IP) laws are placed in one country, and then imported into another country without authorization of the local IP owners. The unclear laws and the lack of harmonization on laws related to parallel importation in ASEAN countries make it possible for


Arab Food Security and Agricultural Development Policies the Experience of Algeria, Iraq

The study aims to identify the key elements of the Arab food security gap, and analyses the indicators of treatment, which repeatedly re-focus on agricultural development and related policies. The current focus in the development of Arab agricultural capacity is on experience of Iraq and Algeria being resource-rich economies and poor in food production.The Arab


Environmental Risk Assessment of 4,4′-Dichlorobenzophenone in the Mouth of the Pearl River Delta

The Pearl River Delta (PRD) is one of the most industrialized regions in the world and has been identified as one of the areas in China that has high environmental concentration of pesticides, such as organochlorine pesticides (OCPs). One of the most commonly used OCPs was dichlorodiphenyltrichlorethane (DDT), also listed as one of the main


Applying Logistic Regression Analysis to Determine the Service Quality Factors Affecting on Consumer Satisfaction Toward Low Cost Airlines in Thailand

In recent years, Thai low cost airline market has been significantly growing. Because of the rebound of Thai economy and economic policy of government to stimulate people consumption and tourism increasing more holidays, the amount of sales in Thai low cost airlines were increased dramatically. Thailand has 3 major low cost airline providers, namely Thai


Decision Making on Institutionalization Based on Resources, Cultural Differences and Personal Preferences

This discussion is based on literature review of studies pertaining to successful ageing, home care support and institutionalization in Singapore. The Singapore government adopts the “Many helping hands” approach, in which the government advocates three tiers of assistance (self, community, state), and heavily rely on the Asian concept of filial piety for support to the


East Meets West: Asian Elders’ Experiences of Aging-In-Place in a Western Country

Aging in place’ is a fundamental principle in current ageing policy. With the growing phenomenon of transnational families, increasing numbers of older people from Asia have migrated in late-life to join their adult children living in Western countries; however their experience of aging in a new environment is under-explored. Drawing on in-depth interviews with 40


Facilitating Meaningful Activities and Relationships: Designing Dwellings and Communities That Improve the Quality of Life of the High-Needs Elderly

As the population ages, there are greater demands for housing and communities that support independent living for the high-needs elderly. This research qualitatively examines the meaningful activities and relationships of 30 residents requiring assistance in senior housing complexes in New Zealand. Using semi-structured interviews and direct observation, data was gathered on both the perceptions and


Mortality of the Thai Elderly: Preliminary Findings From HART Panel Survey

The paper reviews the mortality situation of the Thai elderly using the panel data from the second wave of Health, Aging, and Retirement in Thailand (HART) Project. The preliminary results of the mortality situations by variations in demographic characteristics, work status, causes of death, and inheritance, debts, and insurance are explored. To reduce mortality or


High-Density Ageing-Friendly Neighbourhoods: Multi-Sensorial Perspective

Multi-sensorial, emotional and symbolic interactions with space are critical to our experience, use and appreciation of built environments and profoundly shape our overall sense of well-being. However, our contemporary cities are often either sensory overwhelming or sensory deprived, while design practices keep embracing values of ocularcentrism and pragmatism. In result, cities keep generating stressful conditions


Active Ageing and Quality of Life of Rural Elderly Women

Ageing is an inevitable change in the lifespan of an individual. India’s old age population has increased from 19 million in 1947 to 100 million in the 21st century. According to the United Nations World Population ageing reports that the grey population has immensely increased from 9.2% in 1990 to 11.7 % in 2013, and


Exploring the Efficacy of Independence Index for Healthy Aging for the Services of Elders

This study explores the risk and reinforcement factors of successful healthy aging by interviewing managers of elderly colleges and day care institutions for the disabled elderly. With a purpose to build an index of independence for the elderly, this study tries to help them to achieve the goal of taking care by themselves when facing


Action Research Writing Ability Among Secondary School Teachers

This study focused on the action research writing ability of secondary school teachers in Tabuk City Division, Philippines, as affected by their socio-demographic profile. There were 15 secondary schools in the division; however, only 7 schools were participating in research. This was planned as a basis in giving technical assistance to improve teachers’ action research


Research Focused on the User: Proposal for a New Service Design of Healthy Breakfast Diet Between Taipei Urbanites

In the Highly industrialized society, the big environment has to face the problem with fast food culture. People want fast, convenient, and tasty meal. The big companies promote the advertisements which was beneficial to them and the “fake” flavor of processed fast food seems to be “normal” flavor when they eat. More and more urbanite


Reading Girls’ Agency: The Pillow Book and Flower Tales, Past and Future

The topic of this paper emerged from a deceptively simple question: When and why did the linkage between girlhood and same-sex love emerge in Japanese culture? Ostensibly, the answer is clear. Flower Tales [Hana Monogatari] (1916–1924), a serialized girls’ novel by the Japanese popular writer Yoshiya Nobuko, featured flowers and romantic same-sex friendships, coupled together,


Importance of Geographical and Sociological Factors in Household Livelihood Vulnerability to Climate-Related Crisis in Rural Burundi

This paper analyses the vulnerability of 2 communes in the provinces of Kirundo and Bubanza in Burundi to climate change using social and geographic variables. Primary socio-economic data was collected through surveys where 450 households were involved in responding to a questionnaire. Data collected included demography, livelihood sources, asset ownership, land management practices, social organization