Confidence is a Plant of Slow Growth: The Relationship of Power Distance Orientation, Team Trust, Self-Esteem and Voice Behavior


This study explores how voice behavior in the nursing workplace relate to changes in team based self-esteem and trust. According to the social identity theory and Chinese cultural influences, power distance orientation may play an important role in this relationship. The examined model investigated the mediating role of team based self-esteem relations between voice behavior on team trust. Power distance level in this process were also examined to test moderated mediation in these linkages. The final participants were 247 registered nurses with simple random sampling from a medical center in Northern Taiwan. SEM analysis indicated all model fit were acceptable χ2 (147) = 819.08 (p < .01), χ2/df = 2.79, CFI = .88, TLI = .87, RMSEA = .08, SRMR = .08, GFI = .90, AGFI = .79, NFI = .83, suggesting that team based self-esteem has partial mediation between team trust and voice behavior(β = .17, p < .01). Power distance orientation moderate the indirect effect of team trust to self-esteem(β = .33, p = .04), such that the relationship will be stronger among those who is perceived high power distance. One of possible reasons is that, based on the concept of psychological contract, nurses' self-esteem are depending on one's identification from organization or profession. That is, to improve self-esteem, more less the organizational identification is makes the professional identification more strong.

Author Information
Wen Ying Chang, Ming Chuan University, Taiwan
Chin Tien Hsu, Ming Chuan University, Taiwan
Pei Yun You, Ming Chuan University, Taiwan

Paper Information
Conference: ACSS2018
Stream: Cognitive and Behavioral Sciences

This paper is part of the ACSS2018 Conference Proceedings (View)
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Posted by James Alexander Gordon