Documented Migration From Mexico to the U.S.: Visa Programs and its New Challenges


This presentation discusses the ubiquitous participation of Mexicans in 'legal' channels of migration to the U.S. Although in recent years most of the academic attention has been put on the phenomenon of irregular migration, which politicization and numerical magnitude have been overwhelming, little research has noted the presence of Mexicans who cross the border by 'legal' means. This presentation addresses contemporary regular Mexico-U.S. migration in the following manner: first, the participation of Mexicans in four visa types under which labor migration to the U.S. is permitted is presented based on data from the Office of Foreign Labor Certification (OFLC). Second, the operationalization of the visa programs in Mexico and the working conditions in the U.S. are discussed by taking into account the author's ethnographic research on visa workers (H-2A and H-2B) from a community in Veracruz, Mexico. The aim is to illustrate the limitations and challenges that U.S. visa programs represent for Mexican migrants, as well as the American industries that depend on them.

Author Information
Martha Irene Andrade Parra, Doshisha University, Japan

Paper Information
Conference: ACSS2018
Stream: Immigration, Refugees, Race, Nation

This paper is part of the ACSS2018 Conference Proceedings (View)
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Posted by James Alexander Gordon