Conference: IICSEEHawaii2018

The Role of Government Policies in Ensuring Sustainability in Small Scale Mining in the Philippines

Government regulations are viewed generally as restrictive and limiting. However, the case is different for the largely unregulated small-scale mining (SSM) industry in the Philippines. Left to its own, the industry creates many economic, environmental and social problems that if left unchecked will worsen and adversely affect its sustainability. Through interviews and survey, this study

Beyond Smart Growth: An Economic Development Strategy for a Sustainable Maryland

This presentation offers a broad-based, quality of life perspective on economic development for the State of Maryland. It describes how economic prosperity depends in part on the attainment of other goals such as equity and environmental quality. The recommended approach to economic development builds on existing policy strengths and extensive data analysis to offer an

The Antecedents and Financial Consequence of Corporate Social Irresponsibility: Evidence From Large U.S. Corporations, 1991-2009

Inclusive stakeholder management by corporations is key to building a just society. Both academic and practical attention to corporate social responsibility (CSR) has been increasing over the past few decades. Past research on CSR largely focuses on the positive side of corporate social issues management, explaining why and how firms engage in CSR activities and

Effects of Socioeconomic Factors on Tourist Demand and Consumer Surplus

In this paper, we analyze the effect of socioeconomic characteristics on the Korean tourist demand and estimate the consumer surplus. The Poisson regression model is often used for a dependent variable with the count variable. However, the number of trips is greater than zero, so this paper applies the truncated Poisson regression model to estimate

Characteristics of the All-Vanadium Redox Flow Battery Using the Electrolyte Produced by Ammonium Metavanadate (AMV)

A power system using renewable energy such as a solar and wind needs an energy storage system because of its low energy density and intermittent nature. A redox flow battery (RFB) is being investigated as an energy storage system for a load leveling and an emergency uninterruptible power supplies. One advantage of a RFB is

Household Recycling Behaviour in Alexandra Township, Johannesburg, South Africa

Rapidly growing populations, economic growth and improvement in living standards have accelerated the rate of municipal waste generation and the amount of waste generated in the City of Johannesburg (CoJ) is expected to increase annually by 13%. Waste disposal at landfill sites is generally considered as the most practical waste management method in South Africa,

Thoughts on Designing an Industrial-Scale Biofuel Production Plant Converting Seaweeds Via Fast Pyrolysis

As the domestic energy environment focuses on sustainable energy supply, the demand for biofuels is increasing again. Third generation biofuels derived from seaweed biomass have several advantages over those from terrestrial biomass. However, they present challenging problems with fuel production due to the considerably high mineral content and the inherently high water content in the

Female Leadership in Microfinance Institutions, Gender Equality in Outreach, and Entrepreneurship

This study sheds light on the social performance of microfinance institutions (MFIs) with respect to gender equality in MFIs’ outreach and promotion of entrepreneurship. Rooted in the principles of homophily and risk aversion, we pinpoint a novel topic which is the association between female leadership in MFIs and their services targeting women clients, and find

The Social Acceptance of Sewage Treatment Plant Construction in Korea Depending on Spatial Distance

The basic conditions for sustainable development should satisfy various conflicting, such as economic, environmental and technical constraints. Due to the increased importance of subjective attitudes and perceptions that have not been quantified, social infrastructure planning is getting complicated. Especially, the construction plan of sewage treatment plant has been significantly impacted by the opposition of local

Design and Demonstration of a Small-Scale Adsorption Chiller

Numerical simulation and experimental verification of an adsorption chiller concept is presented. Waste heat recovery using absorption and adsorption chillers has recently received considerable attention. However, most of the published literature focus on high-temperature (>100 C) absorption design, rather than low-temperature (<100 C) adsorption concepts. In this presentation, a simplified design for a low-temperature adsorption

Language and Cultural Influences on “Doing Science in Japanese”

This paper presents corpus linguistic findings that show how differences between Japanese and English influence the way in which scientific concepts are transmitted in science education today. We first review how Western science concepts entered Japan via translation from Dutch during the Edo Period (1603 to 1868) and then the impact on science education after

Australian Attitudes Towards Environmentally Displaced People: What Can We Expect?

Australia is identified as a potential host country for thousands of Pacific islanders expected to be displaced due to projected sea level rise. Host country attitudes towards and acceptance of displaced people impact the health and wellbeing of those displaced. Thus, it is important to understand how Australians, and other host countries view environmentally displaced

How Do Executives’ Values Influence Corporate Responsibility Adoption

Strategic Leadership theory posits that senior executives are responsible for shaping their organizations’ strategic direction. Values are central in guiding behaviour. Executives’ value systems, acting as their perceptual filter, impact executives’ information scanning, diagnostic and decision-making processes. Hence executives’ value systems play an important role in influencing organisational approaches to corporate responsibility (CR) adoption. While

Case Study of Administrative Planning in Japan: Initiation Stage of Citizen Participation and Information Sharing in Child-Rearing Support Plan

In Tokyo, encouraging the acceptance of childcare centers is an urgent issue as many children still need a nursery. The Japanese government has implemented an institutional reform, and local governments have formulated a new child-rearing support plan along with the reform.However, the reform is focused on extending the duration of child care at nurseries and

Information Sharing and Administrative Planning: From Japan’s Local Government Ordinances

There is presently no provision for administrative plans under the Administrative Procedure Law of Japan. In administrative planning, utilizing the amendment of the Administrative Procedure Act and the stipulation of the procedure for public comment in 2005 enables control over the level of discretion involved in the planning process to a certain extent.Further, the establishment

“We All Sort of Feel Like We’re All Part of the Same Community”: Exploring Community Social Cohesion.

Social cohesion and inclusion is important for the attraction and retention of residents as well as the economic development of communities. Relationships that are formed based on trust allow for greater productivity as individuals are more likely to work together. As such, the aim of this study was to identify resident perceptions of social cohesion

Sustainability Assessment Framework for Emerging Technologies: A Case Study of Internet of Things

In recent years, the rapid development of emerging technologies leads to the improvement in service quality and manufacturing efficiency of many ICT enterprises such as intelligent mechatronics technology, Internet of things, cloud computing or 3D printing and other technologies. However, the impact of emerging technology applications on the overall economy, the environment and society have

Liquid Fuels From Biomass: An Approach to Produce Methanol and DME for Meeting the Energy Needs

Biomass as fuel for energy purpose, from cooking to power plant has been well established. With the development of gasification various by-products contributing to the energy mix has been taking the centre stage. Methanol and Di Methyl Ether (DME) are emerging as alternative liquid fuels for transportation with Methanol demand in India growing at robust

A Comparative Life Cycle Assessment of Reinforcement Methods of Bridges in Taiwan

In a context of sustainable development and energy sparing, a life cycle assessment (LCA) may be useful tool for making good choices. As Taiwan is located in Circum Pacific Seismic Belt, it is important to increase the strength of bridges in Taiwan. According to Ministry of Transportation and Communications R.O.C, the reinforcement of bridges is

Renewable Energy Transition in Indian Electricity System: Sustainability and Policy Imperatives

The world as a whole is producing and consuming more and more electricity with significant implications for economic, social and natural systems. The implications are both positive and negative. Economic as well as human development, improved lifestyles, access to modern goods and services are some positive implications. Predominant negative implications are increased pollution, non-renewable resource