Information Sharing and Administrative Planning: From Japan’s Local Government Ordinances

There is presently no provision for administrative plans under the Administrative Procedure Law of Japan. In administrative planning, utilizing the amendment of the Administrative Procedure Act and the stipulation of the procedure for public comment in 2005 enables control over the level of discretion involved in the planning process to a certain extent.Further, the establishment of a legal system promoting public participation in administrative activities, such as the procedure for formulating plans that the Administrative Procedure Law has made a future subject, is also desired.Notably, in Japan, it was the local governments that introduced the process of sharing information with residents, as in the case of the information disclosure system, before the national government, which did so only after it had already been established in several municipalities.This research is aimed at investigating the ordinances passed by local governments in Japan. This way, the study’s aim is to contribute to the national government’s efforts to further revise the Administrative Procedure Act.This study examines the ordinances passed by Kanagawa Prefecture and Nagano Prefecture for their respective municipalities. Kanagawa Prefecture was the first local government to ordinate an information disclosure system in Japan; Suwa City in Nagano Prefecture established the administrative plan for the ordinance of the first administrative procedure in Japan. Enabled by this process, several guidelines were formulated that aid in providing information to residents, being helpful in the contexts of prescribing administrative plans and sharing information. This study suggests ways and means of furthering this cause.



Author Information
Noriko Kurata, Tokyo University of Science, Suwa, Japan
Yuko Kurata, Kansai Gaidai University, Japan

Paper Information
Conference: IICSEEHawaii2018
Stream: Peaceful, inclusive and just societies

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