Category: International Relations and Human Rights


ASEAN Framework Agreement on Visa Exemption and Its Impact to the Rise of Transnational Crime in East Java Province, Indonesia

The rise of regional power comes with its consequences. ASEAN as the only regionalism in South East Asia is widely known in promoting ASEAN Community as its main purpose with three main pillars i.e : economic community, political and security community and socio-cultural community. In order to support the idea about “integrated community” and accelerate


The Concept of Power in International Relations: Lessons from the Ukrainian Crisis

Russia’s ongoing political, economic and most disturbingly military involvement in Ukraine’s internal affairs has shaken the world in general and the Eurasian continent in particular. Despite many differences of opinion, most Western scholars tend to agree that Moscow thus demonstrates its adherence to ‘traditional’ concepts of power understood both as status and means of influence


Hyundai, Hallyu and Hybridity: South Korea and Asia After the Cold War

This paper draws from Katzenstein’s (1996) hypothesis that identities or ‘varying constructions of nation and statehood’ (p. 46) play a role in state interactions. South Korea’s hosting of both the Asian and Olympic Games in the 1980s marked the beginnings of greater international visibility of the country. This was supported by chaebol-led industrialization and aggressive


Food and Power: Global Food Challenges Affecting Interactions among Actors

This paper emphasizes on food as a source of power of states in international politics. During the twentieth century, there are growing challenges on food problem such as food scarcity, famine and more nations are depending on imported food. This situation has created a situation where food is became an importance issue in international politics.


Transnational Crimes of Human Trafficking in Malacca Strait: National Security Threat Analysis

This paper is an elaboration of the research results generated from three activities: a meta-analysis, field studies and reflexivity. The fieldwork took place in Melaka and Dumai. The network of human smuggling in the Malacca Strait takes three main forms:fraud and demand models and the other is necessity model. The first two models are most


Failed States

Failed states were regarded as a contrast to what is considered an ideal state according to the Westphalian system, which exercises full sovereign powers over a territory and population. The functioning government has the ability to control prospective violence, provide public goods and can meet and maintain international obligations. When vulnerable states arise, non-governmental groups


European Enlargement and Women: An Analysis on Turkey

The EU’s recent economic and political stalemate has found its most obvious reflection in the European Commission’s new president Mr. Jean-Claude Juncker’s statement on halting further enlargements during his presidency. Those who are fighting for better democratic standards in Turkey are certainly disappointed with Mr. Juncker’s mission letters, although the relations between Turkey and the


Civil Rights Movement Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X

Ever since American continent was discovered by Europeans, particularly its part that was turning into the USA became a place of opportunities for many underprivileged from different parts of Europe. However, the status of women, Native Americans, and other racial minorities, including immigrants from Asia, and particularly from Africa, was complicated. During the 19th century


The Narrowing US-China Power Gap and the China Threat Theory Transition and Stability in East Asian Regional Order

This research examines the much debated issue of the possibility of China’s peaceful rise under the prism of regional transitional stability-instability model as the indicator of future trajectories. The current phase in East Asian politics is observed as the start of regional takeover attempt which does not necessarily require the equality of US and Chinese


Sino-American Relations in Southeast Asia: Oil Crisis in Global Affairs

The global shift in international order after the Cold War was largely expected to be one with American rules and supremacy. However, Chinese successful economic reforms, its effective regionalization policies and cooperation initiatives with ASEAN, Japan and South Korea re-directed the global shift to Asia and made it a big challenge for the American foreign


Genocide As a Threat to the Nigerian Federation

Genocide is the deliberate killing of a large group of people especially those of a particular nation, ethnic or religious group. Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa with great diversity because of the many ethnic, linguistic and religious groups that live within its borders. Nigeria is a state encompassing 250 to 400 ethnic


Cultural Impediments to the Domestication of Women’s Rights Instruments in Nigeria

Nigeria ratified a number of International human rights instruments aimed at recognizing the rights of women. These include the Convention on the elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), the Optional Protocol to CEDAW and the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa


The Roles of Governments in the Education Reform Policy in Thailand and Their Impacts From 1999-2009

The most recent education reform policy in Thailand officially began in 1999, when the National Education Act came into force. It was considered the most comprehensive reform in Thailand’s history. Since 1999, many governments and ministers of education assumed power. They could be separated into three groups: (1) the Democrat Party; (2) the Thai Rak


Strategic Partnership between Australia and Thailand: A Case Study of East Timor

This paper uses the concept of strategic partnership to analyse the co-operation between Australia and Thailand in the peacekeeping operations in East Timor from 1999 to 2001. A strategic partnership in this paper does not focus on formal agreements between countries or exchange of visits between officials. Instead, a strategic partnership in this paper focuses