Failed states were regarded as a contrast to what is considered an ideal state according to the Westphalian system, which exercises full sovereign powers over a territory and population. The functioning government has the ability to control prospective violence, provide public goods and can meet and maintain international obligations. When vulnerable states arise, non-governmental groups take control of the and people. As a result, governments would no longer be able to provide public benefits to their citizens and the economy would eventually collapse. This can also result in producing a flow of refugees, starvation, and human rights violations. Vulnerable states usually suffer from severe internal armed conflicts, an inability to control its own territory, and a loss of legitimacy among their citizens. Conflict usually has roots in long-standing ethnic, religious, or regional rivalries. The phenomenon of failed states has become one of the biggest security problems in the international system since the early 1990s. Once again, history has shown that failed states cause unimaginable harm to their neighbors and to the international community. Failed states play an important and challenging role in the stability of the world. With this in mind, this report tries to outline and discuss the concept of failed states. First, a definition of "failed states" and what causes a state to fail. Second, the consequences of state failure on a national and international level.
Serdar Ornek, Kocaeli University, Turkey
Stream: International Relations and Human Rights
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