The global shift in international order after the Cold War was largely expected to be one with American rules and supremacy. However, Chinese successful economic reforms, its effective regionalization policies and cooperation initiatives with ASEAN, Japan and South Korea re-directed the global shift to Asia and made it a big challenge for the American foreign policies. The main purpose of the paper is to examine the main drives of Chinese economic and strategic growth, its influence on global energy policies, as well as the American counterbalancing mechanism toward the Chinese global ambitions. To achieve the main goal of my study, I have done comparative analyses between the Western and Chinese theories, researched the historical basis of the Chinese progress and outlined the main indicators of its global motion. The examination of economic and military statistical differences of the US and China and the comparison of Bush’s Asian agenda and Obama’s big shift to the region are also included in the study. I have also examined the Chinese and American oil demands, the importance of the region from this perspective and the US attitude towards China’s regional control. The main finding of the paper is the growing Chinese strategic and economic challenge for the US, which has been highly emphasized in Obama’s administration. This is not merely because of Chinese enormous economic growth, but of its strategic importance. The results of the study can be used to identify the future tendencies of the Chinese dilemma and its influence on world politics.
Sevak Aslanyan, Yerevan State University, Armenia
Stream: International Relations and Human Rights
This paper is part of the NACSS2014 Conference Proceedings (View)
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