Food and Power: Global Food Challenges Affecting Interactions among Actors

Abstract

This paper emphasizes on food as a source of power of states in international politics. During the twentieth century, there are growing challenges on food problem such as food scarcity, famine and more nations are depending on imported food. This situation has created a situation where food is became an importance issue in international politics. States that have access to the food supply, the distribution of food and the price of food are gaining more sources to power. States that posses the power of food became significant players in their relations to other states. To analyze how food can determine the measure of state’s power can be traced from cases that states such as the U.S which successfully applying food as their political weapons during the Cold War. Nowadays, the practice is argued still implemented by some states such the U.S., Australia and New Zealand in influencing other states. Using qualitative methods, it is explained on how states apply food as political weapons and as instrument in their foreign policy. Although there is a different explanation on food as power with food security, but both concepts are useful to describe the global situation the food power inequality among states. Based on the classical realist perspective, it is argued that states are using food as the political weapons in pursuing their national interest. This resulted for an analysis that an inequality on food power has been affecting conflicts among states whose stronger food power against states whose less food power.



Author Information
Asih Purwanti, University of Brawijaya, Indonesia

Paper Information
Conference: ACSS2015
Stream: International Relations and Human Rights

This paper is part of the ACSS2015 Conference Proceedings (View)
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