Civil Rights Movement Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X


Ever since American continent was discovered by Europeans, particularly its part that was turning into the USA became a place of opportunities for many underprivileged from different parts of Europe. However, the status of women, Native Americans, and other racial minorities, including immigrants from Asia, and particularly from Africa, was complicated. During the 19th century many groups and individuals called for rights of the underprivileged, but none of the battles for human rights was that important and lasted that long as the one that finally brought the recognition of human rights to African Americans. Civil Rights Act of 1875, guaranteed that all persons, regardless of race, were entitled to the full and equal enjoyment of accommodations of inns, public transportation, theaters, and other amusement places. Despite this important step was made, the Supreme Court decided that the Act was unconstitutional. The Montgomery Bus Boycott and its successful resolution brought in the center of international spotlight the anti-segregation and civil rights movement. This event also made Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr. famous, the person that would soon became the symbol of the American Civil Rights Movement. He led many important events of the 1960s that finally lead to victory of the Civil Rights Movement. Like Martin Luther King Jr., Malcolm Little was also very much involved in the organization for improving rights of African American people. This article aims to find out how Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X differ in their struggle for equality of African Americans.

Author Information
Serdar Ornek, Kocaeli University, Turkey
Mehlika Ozlem Ultan, Kocaeli University, Turkey

Paper Information
Conference: NACSS2014
Stream: International Relations and Human Rights

This paper is part of the NACSS2014 Conference Proceedings (View)
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Posted by James Alexander Gordon