Category: Economics and Management


Managing Small Institutional Portfolios: ETFs as a Viable Alternative

Institutional portfolios provide necessary income for the efficient and effective management of the non-profit entities they are affiliated with. Many (most) colleges have an associated endowment (institutional portfolio) or investment management company. The larger the portfolio the more the resources available for managing the portfolio. Large portfolios (defining large as at least $2 billion) usually


Challenges and Success Factors for Knowledge Sharing Using Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in Development Projects

‘Wicked nature’ of major social, economic, health, and education, and environmental problems has posed significant challenges that needs to be tackled with focused dialogue and knowledge sharing from wide range of settings and actors whose goal is the same. Unfortunately, these perspectives are scattered in disparate locations: in the mind of marginalized people, government staffs,


Preferences for the Sex-composition of Children in Vietnam: An Examination of its Effect on Fertility Desire

This paper aims to investigate whether of the variation in preferences for the sex-composition of children can explain the variation in fertility desires of women with one child and describing the trend, pattern of fertility desires in Vietnam. Using the national data set from Vietnam Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) data sets 2014 investigates the


Revisiting Industrial Policy and Strategic Coupling Strategy Under the Era of Hyperglobalization

In a more independent and interdependent world, some suggest that in order for states to be successful in economic development, one must connect with the world capitalist economy. Although there is no explicit law enforcing this rule, Khong (2018) argues that the experience of the last sixty years provides a clear answer, and even a


Who Helps the Team to Win Games: The Case of NBA

Increasing the winning percentage is a common goal for each head coach in National Basketball Association (NBA). Understanding the strategic deploy of the team and providing appropriate incentive to motivate each player are crucial to achieve this goal. In this study, we argue that teams with head coaches with experience in team management have better


Improvement of the Logistics Operations of an Integrated Waste Management Company – Application to a Real Case in Portugal

One of the strategies of companies today is, instead of directing their investments on expanding the business, focus more on cost rationalization and business transformation, in order to improve performance and reduce operating costs. In this sense, logistics represents a key function in improving the operations related to the transportation and storage of materials, always


Designing an Ambicultural Business Model for Cause-based Partnerships: A Feasibility-study on the First Underwater Museum in Taiwan

How to design the ambicultural business-model for cause-based partnerships (Parker & Selsky, 2004)? We attempt to apply the theoretical perspectives of ambiculture (Chen, 2014) and ambidexterity (Luo & Rui, 2009), in the empirical context of the first underwater-museum in Taiwan. Owing to the richness of underwater-cultural-assets located in the Penghu-islands, about 260-kilometers of land-and-marine distance


Passively Active Investing – The Case of the University Endowment

There is a long-standing debate in investment circles about whether active management can outperform passive management. The debate is usually considered on the manager-level, comparing the active management return against an index. This paper looks at the topic on a portfolio level. Using the average asset allocation of a university endowment, this paper replaces managers


Corporate Tax Aggressiveness, Corporate Governance and Firm Value: Evidences from China

Tax represents a significant cost to shareholders as well as to the firms, and it is generally expected tax aggressiveness are preferred. However, this argument ignores potential non-tax costs that could be associated with tax aggressiveness, especially those arising from agency problems and asymmetric information. This study investigates whether the tax planning activities is valued


A Powerful Tool to Engage a Multi-Generational Workforce

This research examines the generational differences in an engagement model. A survey of 539 respondents was carried out where the unit of analysis is Malaysian employee from different organisation in Peninsular Malaysia. This study is backed by well-established theory from social psychology – the social exchange theory. IBM Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) Statistics


Empowerment or Disempowerment of Middle and Lower Level Managers as Efficient Model of Managing in a Manufacturing Company in Poland

During the field research concerning job satisfaction and commitment we noticed, that there are no fundamental difference between answers of middle level managers and workers. They complain the same topics to comparable degree. We done that analysis in plant, that is foreign investment of world operating company in Poland (Lower Silesia). The ample is composed


The Role and Tasks of the Bursar on Controlling in Non-Public Higher Education Institutions (HEIS) in Poland

Since 1990 the number of higher schools in Poland is growing rapidly. Attractiveness of the sector of non-public HEIs is demonstrated by a constantly growing number of schools and their increasing revenues. However, statistical forecasts show that within the next 10 years the numbers of students will drop by around one third. Non-public HEIs will


Bank Access, Insurance Markets and Financial Structure on the International Risk Sharing

This project re-investigates the extent of international consumption risk sharing across countries and time. While there are some works documenting that financial globalization/openness is related to the degree of risk sharing, we contribute to the current literature by further exploring the role of banking sector outreach and insurance sector development on the extent of international


Decision of Incentives Type in Power Holders’ Hands: Joint Evaluation as a Cause of Overemphasize on Monetary Incentives

Most organizations emphasize monetary incentives more than non-monetary incentives. The practice is still common although ample of research showed it might have detrimental effects on performance and produce less satisfaction. Power holders in organization are responsible for this because the decision of incentives system is mainly on them. Recent research by Shaffer and Arkes (2009)


The Study of Service Quality and Costs of Hospitals in Social Security System in Thailand

This research aims to study factors influence the medical service quality of hospitals in the Social Security System. Also, it considers the problems and obstacles of the services. Additionally, cost-efficiency analysis is included by using the quantitative and qualitative analysis. The study found that hospitals in the Social Security System have high service quality and


Quantifying Uncertainty to Plan in Dynamic Environments

Uncertainty is defined by the lack of information to know the future state of a system. This definition highlights the importance of information in an era of constant change and turbulence. It is not surprising that greater the uncertainty in the environment, the greater the value and importance that the management of information takes. Even


Cognitive Psychology as the Background of Behavioural Strategies

The paper content is embedded in both management science, especially strategic management, and cognitive psychology – mainly in terms of mental processes (such as i.e. attention, metacognition (due to the ability to apply a cognitive style), consciousness, and reasoning. It has been envisaged in a new – fangled definition that a behavioural strategy constitutes the


Virtual Water Trade as a Tool of Managing Water Resources in Egypt

In regions, which suffer from water shortage or potential water shortage like the Middle East, water policies and different mitigation measures are formulated. Egypt is one of the states in the Middle East that have a potential water shortage. Different water management water policies have been applied in Egypt. During the past water sufficiency periods,


Applications of Sudden Stops of International Capital to the Mexican Economy

There was nothing in the fundamentals of the Mexican economy that would suggest at this point the beginning of a crisis of such magnitude. The 1994 crisis was extremely unexpected for both domestic and foreign firms and households, because there were good economic indicators so far together with the financial stability of the previous years.