Applying DANP to Investigate the Important Constitution Criteria on Effective Leadership Behaviors


Leaders play an important role for subordinates' job satisfaction and organization performance. This paper adopts the DANP approach proposed by Ou Yang et al. (2008) which combines the DEMATEL and ANP procedures to investigate the important constitution criteria on effective leadership behaviors. The fifteen evaluation criteria for effective leadership behavior are extracted from the past literature and are classified into four clusters. For consolidating the research structure, this paper firstly consults ten scholars/experts who are excellent in human resources domain to verify the fifteen evaluation criteria and the four clusters, then collects those scholars/experts’ opinions about the mutual influence among clusters. Finally, interviews another nine practical senior Human Resources managers by pair-wise comparison questionnaire to assess the importance priority of the criteria. The research results show that the External-oriented cluster has the greatest impact on the other clusters, but also is the least important cluster. Change-oriented cluster displays on the opposite direction, it is highly influenced by the other clusters. In addition, the HR manager respondents specify the top three criteria are Encouraging Innovation criterion, External Scanning criterion, and Advocating Change criterion, while the least three criteria are Consideration, Recognition criterion, and Empowering criterion. Unexpectedly, the research results imply that most HR managers in Taiwan are incline to the “concern for production” dimension of the managerial grid instead of the “concern for people” dimension.

Author Information
Yu-Jen Cheng, National University of Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Jie-Fu Lin, National University of Kaohsiung, Taiwan

Paper Information
Conference: ACSS2023
Stream: Economics and Management

This paper is part of the ACSS2023 Conference Proceedings (View)
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To cite this article:
Cheng Y., & Lin J. (2023) Applying DANP to Investigate the Important Constitution Criteria on Effective Leadership Behaviors ISSN: 2186-2303 – The Asian Conference on the Social Sciences 2023: Official Conference Proceedings
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Posted by James Alexander Gordon