Category: ACCS2016

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Religion and Religious Fundamentalism: Today’s Challenges

The paper will attempt to analyse interrelations between religion and religious fundamentalism, characteristics of religious fundamentalism, its nature, roots, and main elements. Three preliminary observations can be made. Firstly, usually the case is that of either methodological maximalism or minimalism. Secondly, scientific approach should be distinguished from journalistic one. Thirdly, there is a noticeable tendency to

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The Phenomenon of Glocalization Practices of Japanese Popular Culture in Indonesia

Globalization is a phenomenon that can make boundaries between regions become apparent or border-less. Globalization itself has evolved into an influential paradigm since the beginning of the 1990s where between regions or countries are able to give each other their influence to other countries, through economics, politics and culture. Thus the existence of globalization has

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Is Everybody Present?

Over the past five decades, the interest in the contemplative practices of world wisdom traditions has been steadily expanding all through the Western culture. Education in general and higher education, in particular, has also incorporated these ‘inner sciences’ as they are often called. Contemplative practices foster a more compassionate understanding of the behavior and values

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Mediated Compassion and the Politics of Displaced Bodies

In media’s attempt to humanize the impact of war, dramatic images of disgruntled human bodies seeking refuge in faraway lands have become symbols of suffering and calls for humanitarian action. However, some media scholars are claiming that compassion fatigue is desensitizing media audiences to the human cost of war. This article argues that certain images

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Legal Development of the Protection of Cultural Property: From the Event of Armed Conflict to the Illicit Trafficking

Cultural property becomes one of the most important evidences which can reify the past and proclaim a cultural lineage connecting between the present generations of the society and their ancestors; hence, it is hardly surprising that the importance of cultural property is worthy to be protected. However, it is found that, before the twentieth century,

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Action Heroes and Representations of Masculinity

This presentation contextualizes cultural construction of hegemonic masculinity and discusses ways in which action film heroes in Muay Thai and historical films are represented. Traditionally, the quality of nakleng is desirable for Thai action heroes along with having mastery in a particular skill. In a moral realm, the idea of gratitude or kwarm-katanyu, in Thai,

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Narratives of the Romantic Relationship between Teacher and Student in Thai Contemporary Media: Turning Point of Thinking about Relationship?

The romantic relationship between teacher and student is prohibited by Thai social context and culture; however, there are plenty of Thai narratives presented the idea of this relationship in Thai contemporary media, series on TV and films, since 2006. This article aimed to study six narratives of romantic relationship between teacher and student during 2006-2015;

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How the Conceptualization of Refugees Impacts Their Capacity to Fulfill Their Social and Economic Agency

By the end of 2014, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) had identified 14.4 million refugees globally (UNHCR Global Trends 2014). The growth of the refugee population is an increasing concern that affects origin countries, host countries, aid organizations, and, most importantly, refugees themselves. The tendency of governments, Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), aid agencies,

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Discourse on Disciplining Indonesian Women’s Bodies in a Dove Advertisement

In modern society, all human beings are performers. Our identities could be formed to imitate the personality types that are circulating around us, or we could create our own unique personality styles, which are different and in fact has never been attached to another person. Advances in information technology affect the way people define their

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Beat of Asia: Analyzing East Asia’s Cultural Hierarchy and the Negotiation of Hallyu Stars’ Identity and Songs

The study examines the nascent paradigm shift in transnational pop culture production in East Asia as Korean pop music is becoming the next epicentre for pop culture in Asia – a status long enjoyed by Japan. The popularity of K-Pop in Japan is said to be a major development since it is an example of

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Reversed Realities: National Pride and Visual Coding

What is national cultural identity? How does such identity affect other plausible kinds of identities i.e., gender? Is there authentic Thai identity? These questions are what interest me and are part of my thesis entitled “Transcultural Identity of Thai Femininity (1960s-present)”. By using critical theory perspective, I set out to examine Siam/Thailand diachronically from the

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A Few Good Men: Identity and Representation of Museum Volunteers

Most people usually value benefaction of donating to the temple, only a few appreciate to do in the museum. Being museum volunteer is another kind of donation. This article aims to answer two questions: 1) How museum volunteers define and valuate the goodness? 2) How museum volunteers present the goodness through museum activity? The research

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Human Traffic: Shamanism and the Marginalization of Trash Hunters in the Korean Cultural Community

In Seoul one will invariably find elderly people pulling large carts loaded with cardboard, glass and other recyclable materials. These cultural and economic exiles are largely ignored both by the populace and the academic community. The absence of these trash hunters[collectors] in the intellectual consciousness of Korea is very conspicuous against the wide theoretical interest

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Otaku Pedestrians in Tokyo: Fan Consumption and Urban Politics of “Visuality”

Otaku culture is mostly studied as a part of consumption culture and information society since the early 2000’s. The question of the cultural meaning of the everyday life of otaku fandom is however neglected, buried under the textual analysis of anime series or the impact of ‘Cool Japan’ as an international economic success. Otaku culture

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Hidden Biases of Cultural Schema

Communicating efficiently involves having an assumed set of knowledge underpinned by a learned system of cultural values, or what can be called cultural schemata. The American cultural self, for instance, is underpinned with the schemata of existentialism, individualism and competition. Schemata creates hidden biases in the way we behave, make decisions and judgements. Most often,

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An Unsuccessful Story of Futaba Nursery School, A Pioneer Educational Institution for the Poor in Japan

Futaba Nursery School has long been regarded in Japan as one of the pioneer educational institutions that upheld children’s rights and the protection of motherhood, but its history cannot simply be read as a tale of the heroic female founders. Scholars describe Futaba Nursery School, established in 1900 for children in Tokyo’s slums, as a pioneer

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Immigration, Identity and Mobility in Europe: Inclusive Cultural Policies and Exclusion Effects

The European cultural policy programs, such as ECC (European Capitals of Culture), seek to develop new forms of civic cohesion through inclusive and participative cultural events. The cultural assets of a city elected “ECC” are mobilized to attract a wide range of new audiences, including populations poorly integrated into local cultural life – and consequently

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Constructing the Hong Kong Nation: Cultural Nationalism and Civic Nationalism

The handover of sovereignty to China has not made Hongkongers the true master of their city, as promised by Beijing. Rather, the recent years have witnessed an increasing influence of the Chinese government in Hong Kong affairs, the shrink of freedom and the violations of values embraced by Hong Kong people. Resultantly, on top of

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Practicing Lore Within a Modern Society: Visiting the Mitigation Effort of the People of Mt. Kelud

As one of the active volcanoes classified in the ‘Ring of Fire’ in Indonesia, Mt. Kelud is inseparable from the danger of eruption. From the outsider’s view point, the devastating impact of the eruption upon the people living around the slope of the mountain seems as life-threatening. Kelud inhabitants, however, regard this repercussion in different

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Intercultural Parenting: A Discussion of Power Relations and Reverse Acculturation

The study employed a qualitative and social constructionist approach to examine cultural differences in intercultural parenting and how intercultural parents negotiated their differences. Semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with twenty eight intercultural couples/parents. Thematic analysis was used to analyse data and understand the meanings of participants’ experiences. The findings revealed that while intercultural couples experienced