The feminine nation : a postcolonial feminist analysis of the iconographies of Marianne and Maria Clara in the French and Philippine online press.Using articles from online portals of French national dailies Le Figaro, Le Monde and Le Parisien and Philippine national dailies Philippine Star, Philippine Daily Inquirer and Manila Bulletin, this comparative study aims to discuss and analyze the nation and national identity by examining representations of women through the respective national iconographies of Marianne and Maria Clara, which embody postcolonial, patriarchal, republican and neocolonial ideologies in France and in the Philippines. This paper employs a postcolonial feminist approch to analyze and deconstruct multiculturalism in France and neocolonialism in the Philippines. On one hand, Marianne embodies republican values essential to the establishment of an universal Frenchness which projects France as a colonial world power and a culture of pleasures. In imitating and associating themselves to the image of Marianne, marginalized women pass off their otherness as sameness. On the other hand, representations of Maria Clara dichotomizes the traditional woman of the past vis-√†-vis the modernized woman of the present through the appropriation of neocolonial influences. In conclusion, analysis of the texts displayed how these representations of Marianne and Maria Clara are insufficient to portray the specificities of reality, in particular the realities of marginalized, impoverished and immigrant women.
Maria Charnina Victoria Maguddayao, University of the Philippines Diliman, Philippines
Stream: Gender studies / Feminist Theory
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