This research was aimed at studying fundamental factors, mental factors, and needs factors of the elderly in the eastern provinces that are related to the quality of life of the elderly in order to propose a model of elderly care. This research used mixed methods approach of quantitative and qualitative research. The sample for the quantitative research was 400 seniors whose ages were 60 or above, and it was obtained by simple random sampling. The tool used for data collection was a set of questionnaires. The statistics used for data analysis were percentage, mean, and standard deviation. The sample for the qualitative research was 27 elderly people, obtained by purposive sampling. The tool used for data collection was a focus group. The collected data was analyzed using content analysis.It was found that the fundamental factors, mental factors, and need factors of the elderly were interrelated and inseparable. Consequently, if the elderly had problems with their mental health, they also had physical health problems, and vice versa. The elderly whose quality of life was good came from loving families. The appropriate model for elderly care was that members of their families should be their main care-givers. The government and private agencies should actively participate in elderly care, placing stress on their well-being in all aspects, namely: physical, emotional, social, and spiritual aspects.
Kitiwong Sasuad, Rajabhat Rajanagarindra University, Thailand
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