Stigma in People with Schizophrenia in Griya Pmi Peduli, Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia

Abstract

The purposes of this research are (1) Determining public's view of people with schizophrenia in 'Griya PMI Peduli Surakarta' (2) Determining the cause of stigma in people with schizophrenia in 'Griya PMI Peduli Surakarta'. This research was a type of qualitative study by using phenomenological approach. The sampling technique in this research was a type of purposive sampling, which seeks for informants as required. Data accumulation technique was done by observation, interview, and documentation. Meanwhile, interactive model was used for data analysis technique. The conclusions of this research are; basically, there are plenty of perspective regarding social phenomenon which occurs in the society. There are resemblance and differences on viewpoints and understanding of illness. Illness is divided into two; physical and mental illness, which later form a perspective of normality. The perspective of normality that discusses a series of values and norms, in which become social rules of behavior and act as a reference for shaping the front stage and back stage of someone with schizophrenia. These viewpoints are the ones that ultimately form a stigma in the society. The process of stigma for people with schizophrenia explained by Erving Goffman in the theory of dramaturgy of stigma, was caused by the presence of gap between virtual reality'the front stage'expected by the society with factual reality'the back stage'shown by people with schizophrenia to the society, this disease was ultimately judged as the front stage, which caused a gap of reality and considered as an unnatural thing in the society.



Author Information
Triana Rahmawati, Sebelas Maret University, Indonesia
Nimaswari Dyah Ayu Putri, Sebelas Maret University, Indonesia
Ahmad Hirzi Fadlillah Tovani, Sebelas Maret University, Indonesia
Fatmawati Tri Tuwuhingtyas, Sebelas Maret University, Indonesia
Drajat Tri Kartono, Sebelas Maret University, Indonesia
Dra. Rahesli Humsona, Sebelas Maret University, Indonesia

Paper Information
Conference: ACP2016
Stream: Mental Health

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