Tag: History,


Cultivating Honesty: Salary and Corruption in the Yuan Through the Eyes of Officials and Scholars

The establishment of Chinese-style, centralized bureaucracy by Kublai beginning in 1260 was mirrored by the development of a payment structure for officials, a process which took almost two decades to complete. For the first time since the birth of the Mongol Empire in 1206, officials formally began receiving salaries from the government for their work.


The “Anti-Hungry, Anti-Civil War” Movement at Yenching University

In May 1947, there was a student protest called “Anti-Hungry, Anti-Civil War” Movement, which played a key role in overthrowing the Kuomintang government, and instigating students to support the Chinese Communist Party(CCP). During the protest, Yenching University, as a Christian University, took full use of its advantages to participate in the protest unexpectedly. Yenching was


Historical Notes on Japanese Bunkers in General Santos City, Philippines

This is a qualitative study employing historical-descriptive methods of research. Key informant interview, ocular investigation, and documentary analysis were used to gather pertinent data. Significantly, this paper is an attempt to revisit the socio-cultural and economic situations in General Santos City, southern Philippines, during the Japanese occupation only by interpreting stories and narratives revolving around


The Story of the Silk Road and Nara’s Shosoin Treasure Repository of the Emperor

The story of the Silk Road is, inter alia, the most fascinating narrative of mutual cultural, linguistic, literary, artistic and religious influences that occurred among the nations and tribes that existed along the Silk Road. The Silk Road trade included various types of goods, from those that had certain economic value, such as silk, jade,


The History of Tuna Fishing in Tambler, General Santos City, Philippines

This study presents the historical evolution of tuna fishing in Tambler, General Santos City with emphasis on the fishing methods. The paper focuses only on the tuna offshore fishing; sub-industries activities like fish marketing, smoking, canning, exporting and value-added processing would be discussed if deemed necessary but considered beyond the study. As a qualitative research,


Trieste/Crossroads of Cultures in Central Eastern Europe: Transformations/Contradictions and Continuities at the Italian Eastern Border

This paper aims to highlight some peculiarities of this border region contested between Italy and Yugoslavia where the ethnic differences, cultural and the geographical characteristics blend together in an extraordinary example of European multiculturalism. Thanks to its location, on the eastern border, the city has always played an important strategic role and exchange with the world


Production of Urban Spaces for the Creation of a ‘Modern Society’ In Turkey

The creation of a new culture, following the proclamation of the Republic and Turkish Revolution is the embodiment of an excessive passion. In Turkey’s experience, modernization (and westernization) was achieved by a plan introduced from the top. This plan was achieved by several reforms on political, legal, cultural, social, and economic policy debates for the


The Attitude of the Pre-Islamic Arabs towards Arts and Crafts

From the late Roman period the Saracens (the Arabs of Arabia) were described by the Roman historian Ammianus Marcellinus (c. 380 CE.) as follows: “Nor does any member of their tribe ever take plow in hand or cultivate a tree, or seek food by the tillage of the land; but they are perpetually wandering over


The Medieval University

Medieval Europe saw the emergence of the university. In Italy, France, and England universities developed from the late eleventh century to take on the role of educating the young for future careers. In many ways the medieval university appears quite unlike the university of today, with its numerous departments and its huge student body. Yet


Overlooking Injustices for National Pride: Inside the Australian War Memorial’s Representation of the Papua New Guineans During WWII

War is sometimes argued as necessary in maintaining peace and justice. During the Second World War the Australian government sent troops to Papua New Guinea to thwart the imminent invasion of Australia by the Japanese. As a consequence, the Kokoda Track in Papua New Guinea was the site of some of the most desperate and