Tag: Environmental Sustainability and Environmental Management


The Relevance and Impact of Professional Counselling on Land Use and Management for Environmental Sustainability: The Benue Experience in Nigeria

This paper would report the environmental implications of indiscriminate multiple land use in the Benue region of Nigeria. The relevance and impact of professional counseling on land use and management for environmental sustainability in Nigeria has been studied using a structured questionnaire. It was administered on more than 500 urban and rural dwellers in the


Urban Logistics Planning of Kho Chang Port Island, Trad Province, Thailand

With the potentiality of Thailand in being ASEAN’s logistics center, the past and present governments have given emphasis on this matter. Many strategies and projects have been continuously initiated to promote Thailand to be the logistics and transport hub of the region, be it land, sea, or air. As for sea transportation, Laem Chabang Port


Type of Coal and Possible Occurrence of Congestion Related to Eco-Technology Innovation in U.S. Electric Power Industry

Coal-fired power plants generate approximately 32% of electricity in the United States. The electric generators fueled by coal are a major source of air pollution. There are two types of coal mainly used by the coal-fired power plants are called “bituminous” and “subbituminous”. Almost 48% of the coal produced is bituminous, while about 44% is


Sustainable Development of Catchment Land-Use for Multifunctional Agro-Ecological Landscapes Under a Changing Climate

Incorporating the likely impacts of climate change into regional and rural planning is vital to accommodate their profound effects on anthropogenic systems such as agriculture that interact with natural environments. The importance of agriculture to feed the growing world population without compromising the already scarce and depleted resource base, makes it a challenging, yet promising


Between Land and Sea: An Approach for Resilient New Development along the San Francisco Bay

The urban edge that defines the San Francisco Bay is a contested landscape whose boundaries are continually changing, both in form and in definition. Much like the tidal flux of the Bay wetlands, the urbanized waterfront can extend and recede. Over the years, the Bay Area has seen a large portion of the historic wetlands


Quantitative Assessment of River Environment by Focusing on Benthic Biota

It is well known that the benthic biota in the river ecosystem changes drastically between the mountain and urban streams. However, there are few studies demonstrating the changes in biota by using quantitative techniques. In this study, field research on benthic species (mainly aquatic insects) was carried out at 6 different sites (St. 1-3: mountain


Environmental Justice and Sustainability: Evaluating the Built Environment Professional Practices in the Nigerian Context

Elsewhere environmental justice and sustainability goals have been mainstreamed, guided and enforced by policy implementations. Furthermore, environmental justice plays a major role in; conceptualizations, planning and operations that promote sustainability particularly in the urban built environments. This study highlights the importance of incorporating environmental justice into environmental sustainability operations. Findings from this discourse suggest that


Sustainable Study on Rural River Landscape Based on the Eco-Priority Principle: A Case Study of Landscape Design for the River Yaxi

Accompanying the increasingly conspicuous homogeneity in urban and rural development in the process of China’s contemporary urban development, the rural river landscape is largely copying the landscape construction techniques available to urban rivers, causing several inappropriateness. This paper argues that rural river landscape design has two core demands. First, to achieve sustainable development of rivers


Research on Spatial Sustainability of Land-Use Patterns in Urban Fringe: A Study on the Erxianguan Region, Shenzhen, China

With the rapid development of China’s urbanization, the urban land has been spreading to the rural areas, leading to an increasing evolution of the land use pattern in urban fringe. The sustainability of land use in urban fringe is supposed to be significant to urban spatial expansion, urban function realization, urban economic development and ecological


Study on Quality Parameters of Raw Natural Water for the Production of Tap Water at Bangka Sub-District, Ratchasan District, Chachoengsao

The study of water quality in Bangka Sub-District, Ratchasan District, Chachoengsao Province, Thailand used the survey research approach. The study was undertaken to determine the quality of raw natural water before use as raw material to produce tap water. The findings would be submitted to the Provincial Authority of Waterworks to consider changes to the


Does Knowledge of Environmental Organizations Translate into Pro-Environmental Attitudes and Behaviors? Evidence from an Urbanized Tropical Watershed

Suitable watershed management and stewardship practices are essential in the provision of fresh water services. Several factors contribute to the degradation of surface water resources, including deforestation along coastal lowlands and weak regulatory environments. These conditions are observed in the Manatí river basin, a tropical urban watershed in Puerto Rico. We will explore the association


Synthesis of Poly (Acrylic Acid-Co-Sodium Styrene Sulfonate) as Scale Inhibitor for Industrial Cooling Water System

Water from most natural sources usually contains dissolved minerals and scale forming ions such as Ca2+ and Mg2+ ions. Poly (acrylic acid) (PAA) is one of the scale inhibitor polymers, commonly used in the industrial circulating cooling water system. However, the remaining polymer concentrations of scale inhibitors are facing some level of difficulty for determination.


Synthesis and Characterization of Bioi/TiO2 Photocatalysts for Waste Water Treatment

The main cause of water pollution was generally due to human acts. Activities such as transporting the already used industrial or generated waste water and garbages from the community and put them into the water resources. As a result of the pollution occurring, organic matters were degraded and natural forms were eventually changed into other


Research and Prospects of Urban Morphology Evolution in the Information Age

The evolution of urban morphology is usually seen as a response of human science and technology in different periods. Firstly, as a crucial area, information technology would be closely associated with urban morphology evolution in future. Then, based on six aspects_º_relationship between urban and rural, regional differences, city scale, the central area, spatial relationships and


Evaluation of Zeolite Efficiency for Removal of Cesium Ions From Seawater

Cesium is a radioactive material which is a big problem when it leaks into seawater. Zeolites are an alternative for removing cesium because they absorb cationic elements and are widely used due to their simplicity, high efficiency and low cost. The objective of this study was to investigate the efficiency of NaCl treated zeolite for


Removal Efficiency of Cesium and Strontium in Seawater by Zeolite-Fixed Bed Columns

It is documented that the Chernobyl nuclear melt down released large amounts of Cs-137, Cs-134 and Sr-90 (100, 50 and 8 PBq, respectively). The accident had a devastating impact on the marine environment. The main aim of this research was to study the removal of cesium and strontium in seawater by natural zeolite. The experimental


Adsorption of Pb(Ii) from Synthetic Solution by Pomelo Peel

Agricultural biomass waste can be used for producing adsorbents, because it is as low cost material and friendly for environment. This research aimed to study adsorbent preparation from pomelo peel by chemical activation with 0.1 M HNO3 for investigating the removal efficiency and adsorption isotherm for adsorption of Pb(II) in synthetic solution. The batch experiment


Road to Achieving Indonesia’s Intended National Determined Contribution (INDC): Spearheading Stricter Preventive Reinforcement to Indonesia’s Peat and Forest Fires

The Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) of the Conference of Parties 21 was a breakthrough, driving the agreement with bottom-up approach. It enabled both developing and developed countries to embrace climate reality, taking nationally-driven initiatives to contribute in reducing anthropogenic interference to the climate system, while still acknowledging the varying degree of financial capital, culpability


Low-Cost Technology for Water Utility Management

The amount of fresh water in the Middle East region is scarce due to long summer seasons with rising temperatures, low precipitation, lack of fresh water resources and increasing population. Thus, the water supply depend mainly on non-conventional resources, such as desalination plants. In this paper, we provide a case study on water distribution system


Comparatively Embodied Carbon Analysis on the Volumetric Prefabrication Elements and in-Situ Elements in Residential Building Development of Hong Kong

This paper reviews the embodied carbon footprint of volumetric prefabrication elements for residential development in Hong Kong. Prefabrication becomes a common practice in residential development in Hong Kong and is considered as a green approach. In Hong Kong, prefabrication took place at factories in Pearl River Delta. Although prefabrication reduces construction wastage, it might generate


Synthesis of Poly(Acrylic Acid) Based Polymers as Quantitative Determined Scale Inhibitor

In present days, the use of water transported from the river as the source material for generating electricity is very common. Generally, this water needs to be purified before it can be used in the process. However, during the water purification process, some calcium ion that existed is not uncommon. The calcium ion will somehow


Surface Level Wind Forecast Simulation Over the Land-Sea Area and Mountain-Valley Area in Thailand

It is known that the dispersion of pollutants from the source are mainly depends on velocity and direction of the wind. For the purpose of air quality surveillance of Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT), the regional atmospheric modeling system (RAMS) is applied for simulating 168-h low-level wind forecasts over area of two largest power